Now a day’s diabetes is a common problem. Diabetes is Causes to Eye diseases in Children. Diabetes mellitus is a disorder caused by a decreased production of insulin or by the body’s inability to use insulin. Insulin is produced by the pancreas and is necessary for the body’s control of blood sugar. Fluctuations in blood sugar can be harmful to the body, including the eyes. Diabetes can occur at any age, in present diabetes is affected inborn babies, but most commonly is diagnosed from early childhood to the late 30s.In this type of diabetes, a person’s glucagon products little or no insulin. Children with diabetes are at risk of developing eye disease that can affect their vision. Diabetic eye disease refers to a group of eye problems that affect those with diabetes.
Diabetic eye disease may include:
Diabetic retinopathy: Diabetic retinopathy is most in American adults. It causes blindness in young children, it is caused by damage to the small blood vessels of the retina.it is seeing the layer of the eye.
Diabetic macular edema (DME): Diabetes is the leading cause of new blindness, with DME contributing greatly to this vision loss. It may affect up to 10% of people with diabetes. Diabetic macular edema is a complication of diabetes caused by fluid accumulation in the macula that can affect the fovea. Vision loss from DME can advance over a period of months and make it impossible to focus clearly.
Cataract: It is a clouding of the eye lens, which blocks to the passage of light into the eye. The lens of the eye is located the pupil and the eye coloured iris and is normally transparent. The cause of cataract, your vision may become blurry or dim because cataracts stop light from properly passing through to your retina.
Glaucoma: Glaucoma is an important, lifelong eye disease. It can lead to vision loss not controlled, but now a day’s glaucoma is controllable with modern treatment.
Symptoms of the disease:
- Blurred vision
- Extreme hunger accompanied by weight loss
- Excessive thirst
- Frequent urination
- Loss of feeling or tingles in the extremities
- Frequent infections of the bladder, skin, or gums
- Dry mouth
- Slow healing of cuts and scrapes
- Excessive or unusual infections
Treatment: The first step in any treatment for diabetic eye disease is to maintain Diabetic percentage in blood, blood glucose, blood pressure, and blood cholesterol levels as close to normal as possible. In modern days treatment for diabetic eye diseases in three options.
- laser treatment
- Avastin, Lucentis, or Eylea injection
- intravitreal steroids: Kenalog, Ozurdex, and Iluvien