Energy conversion happens in all machines as it converts from one form of energy to another form. As per thermodynamics the energy conversion process take place on the macro-level of big machines as well as at the micro-level of molecular machines that drive muscles or metabolic processes and even on the atomic level. Some scientists study that the thermodynamics of Nanomachines consisting of only a few atoms which outline how these small machines behave in concert. To improve the energy efficiency of all kinds of machines that means big or small, their insights could be used.
The current progress in nanotechnology has a vital role in designing and manufacturing of extremely small artificial machines and to understand the world at ever-smaller scales. As cars, these machines are far more efficient than large machines. As we have in daily life applications the output is low compared to the needs in absolute term. This is the reason we studied how the Nano machines interact with each other and looked at how ensembles of those small machines behave. If there are synergies when they act in concert, it should be observed.
Under certain conditions the researchers found that the nanomachines, synchronise their movements and start to arrange in “swarms”. The synchronisation of the machines triggers significant synergy effects could be seen for which the overall energy output of the ensemble is far greater than the sum of the individual outputs. The researcher explains that while this is a basic research, the principles outlined in the paper could potentially be used to improve the efficiency of any machine in the future.
The scientists created mathematical models that are based on existing literature and outcomes of experimental research in order to simulate and study the energetic behaviour of swarms of Nanomachines.