Tag Archives: stroke

Trending Cardiovascular Nutrition Controversies

The cardiovascular benefits in several trending foods and dietary patterns are still incompletely understood. The nutritional science continues to evolve as the number of controversial dietary patterns, foods, and nutrients have received significant media exposure. Popular foods and dietary patterns that are promoted for cardiovascular health to provide clinicians. The case-control studies can be done (inexpensive), thus we can get the exposure and the outcome easily. The major issue will be how to select the study population or how retrospective data are collected. In nutrition studies that process done is recall and record (i.e., that involve keeping a food diary or collecting food frequency information) accurate memory and recording of food and nutrient intake over prolonged periods will be problematic and subject to error, mainly in the diagnosis of disease. The advent of mobile technology and food diaries may provide opportunities to improve accuracy for case studies.

ertyBlood cholesterol is increased due to the intake of Dietary cholesterol. Vegetable oils vary greatly in the content of SFAs, except coconut oil, palm oil is high in SFAs, mostly palmitic acid. The berry boom, berries were the third most consumed fruits, then bananas and apples. Nuts for cardiovascular health: Nuts include Brazil nuts, pistachios, pine nuts, almonds, walnuts, hazelnuts, and pecans (tree nuts), and also peanuts, which are legumes. Green leafy vegetables for cardiovascular health: The dark green vegetables attribute to vascular benefits like including reduced arterial stiffness and blood pressure, resulting in part to the enrichment of inorganic nitrate, which undergoes salivary bacterial conversion to nitrite, followed by gastrointestinal acidification to NO. Juicing: leads to heart health Juicing of fruits and vegetables, often in combination with other foods and nutritional supplements, has become very popular, with no end of technologies to prepare the elixirs of health which mainly leads to stroke.

3-Treatments for Heart-Disease that are changing lives

A Drug for Heart Failure: The failure of the heart muscle to forcefully pump blood to the body’s tissues is a common disorder called Congestive heart failure. Heart attacks (stroke), high blood pressure, or diseases that weaken the heart muscle are common causes. The severe shortness of breath or fatigue that limits the ability to enjoy a life of the patients. Paradigm-HF is used in the large clinical trial, the new drug LCZ696 was used to treat heart failure, and it was highly effective. It achieved a substantial 20 % reduction in death or repeat hospitalization compared with the best currently available therapies. Currently, 20 % or more of patients hospitalized for heart failure are readmitted within 30 days which represents a significant burden for patients and the healthcare system.LCZ696 will probably be approved, providing a new, promising option for the 5.7 million Americans with heart failure.

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Treatment for High Cholesterol: The PSCK9 inhibitor is second innovative drug therapy. These specify class of drugs has moved from discovery to the clinic more rapidly than any cardiovascular advancement. The single most important risk factor for developing coronary heart disease is an elevated level of cholesterol, LDL-C. The best drugs for reducing cholesterol, statins, have been shown to lower the risk of heart attack or stroke up to 35%. Statins have been available for 25 + years and have been enormously successful at reducing the burden of heart disease. Patients cannot tolerate statins or can’t take large enough dosages to adequately reduce cholesterol levels. LDL-C will be very high due to a genetic cause, and even the most powerful statins cannot reduce it to safe levels. PSCK9 inhibitors reduce bad LDL-C by as much as 50 % to 70 %. These drugs are given by every 2 weeks or once a month given by very small needles. These can be self-injected by the automated injector. This new class of drugs appears to be well tolerated even in patients who cannot take statins due to adverse effects.

Less Invasive Surgery: In 2011, the FDA approved a new procedure to treat heart valve disease without a major surgical operation, known as Trans-catheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). This device is approved for who need an aortic valve replacement, but who are too high risk for standard open-heart surgery.

Is there any connection between heart and brain?

Your heart and your brain are more intricately connected than you may realize. Brain signals the heart to pump its oxygen-rich blood through the autonomic nervous system, and heart responds by delivering blood to the entire body, including to brain. If the brain does not receive enough oxygen from the heart, you may experience symptoms ranging from fuzzy thinking to a life-threatening stroke. When blood flow to the brain is interrupted or blocked by a blood clot or plaque that has broken away from an artery or valve and is floating in the bloodstream leads to stroke. The lack of oxygen can cause brain cells to die, leading to symptoms of dementia, disabilities, or even death. The major step to the heart is also ways to protect the brain. The steps to prevent from the stroke: Managing your blood pressure is especially important because high blood pressure is the leading cause of stroke. It also may cause tiny lesions in the brain that can slow your thinking and progress to a loss of brain function in the future.

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Steps to Take during Heart Surgery: When your Heart Surgery includes the valve replacement, it is all the more important to consider ways to protect your brain. Valve replacement procedures, such as transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), can be life-saving interventions. It will correct restricted blood flow caused by a narrowing or obstruction of the heart valve. However, during valve replacement, small particles of debris can break loose and find their way into the blood vessels of the brain.

What is good for the heart is good for the brain. Understanding the unique relationship between the heart and brain, and taking steps to protect both of these vital organs throughout life, is important for lifelong health.

 

Stressful jobs are associated with a higher risk of Heart Rhythm Disorders

Having a stressful job is linked with a higher probability of suffering from a heart rhythm disorder called atrial fibrillation, the most nerve-racking jobs are psychologically insistent but give employees little control over the work condition – for example, assembly line workers, bus drivers, secretaries, and nurses. The research found that being stressed at employment was related with a 48% higher risk of atrial fibrillation, subsequent to adjustment for education, age, and sex.

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We require people to do the jobs but managers can help by making sure staffs have the resources necessary to complete the allotted tasks. Bosses should programme breaks and listen to employees’ thoughts on how the work itself and the job environment can be improved.” Atrial fibrillation is the most common heart rhythm disorder (arrhythmia). Indications include palpitations, weakness, fatigue, feeling light-headed, dizziness, and shortness of breath.

Atrial fibrillation causes 20-30% of strokes overall and increases the jeopardy of dying prematurely. One in four middle-aged people in Europe and the US will be prone to atrial fibrillation. It is evaluated that by 2030 there will be 14-17 million patients suffering from atrial fibrillation in the European Union, with 120,000-215,000 new diagnosed each year.

Atrial fibrillation is a common condition with serious results and consequently it is of main public health significance to find ways of avoiding it. Little is recognized about risk factors for the disease and especially the role of the work environment.

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This research assessed the association between work stress and atrial fibrillation. The investigation included 13,200 members enrolled in the Swedish Longitudinal Word related Survey of Health (Slosh) in 2006, 2008, or 2010. Members were in employment and had no account of atrial fibrillation, heart attack, or heart failure. At revise inclusion, members completed postal studies on sociodemographics, lifestyle, health, and work-related factors.

Work pressure was defined as job strain, which refers to jobs with high psychosomatic demands combined with near to the ground control over the job situation. The investigation included five questions on job burden and six on controls – for example: Do you have to work very hard or very fast? Are there conflicting demands in your work? Do you have an adequate amount time to complete your work tasks? Does your work include a lot of recurrences? Can you make a decision on how and what to do at work?

 All through a median follow-up of 5.7 years, 145 cases of atrial fibrillation were acknowledged from national registers. In the universal working populace in Sweden, employees with stressful jobs were approximately 50% more likely to happen atrial fibrillation. The evaluated risk remained even later it was taken into account other factors such as smoking, leisure time physical activity, body mass index, and hypertension.” then pooled their results with two other studies on the same topic, and found that job strain was associated with a 37% increased the risk of atrial fibrillation. “Crossways studies there was a coherent pattern of work stress being a risk factor for atrial fibrillation,

Work stress has before has been linked with coronary heart disease. Work stress should be measured as an amendable risk factor for avoiding atrial fibrillation and coronary heart disease. Individuals who feel stressed at work and have palpitations or other symptoms of atrial fibrillation should see their consultant and speak to their manager about improving the condition at work.”

European guiding principle on the prevention of cardiovascular disease state that stresses at work contributes to the risk of causing cardiovascular disease and having a worse prognosis. Assessment of psychosocial risk factors is suggested in people who have or are at risk of developing cardiovascular disease.