Tag Archives: Public health

Emerging Trends in Medical Tourism Industry

Med1Medical Tourism is the one of the fastest growing segments in the healthcare industry globally. The desire to visit a new place and enjoy the sights while being treated has boosted the growth of medical tourism. Treatments for cardiovascular ailments, cancer, orthopaedic procedures, dentistry, reproductive problems, cosmetic surgery, complete health screening including scans, ultrasound etc are available at very cheap rates in countries which cater to medical tourists. Some of these procedures include plastic or cosmetic procedures to improve their physical looks as well as their mental perception of themselves.

Medical tourism has turned into a $5.5 billion market annually in India as of 2018. The industry continues to grow in leaps and bounds and is continuing to surpass expectations set for sales each year. By 2020 it is estimated that India will be taking in $7-8 billion annually from medical tourists procedures performed there each year.

Top Medical Tourism Hotspots

Established Destinations Specialized Treatment Offered
Costa Rica Dentistry, Gynaecology, Plastic Surgery, Orthopaedics, Bariatrics
India Fertility, Cardiac and Oncology, Organ Transplants
Israel Bone marrow transplants, Heart Surgery, Neurological treatments
Malaysia Dental, Cardiac, Cosmetic plastic surgery
Mexico Weight loss treatment and surgery
South Korea Cardiology, Spinal Treatments
UAE Ophthalmic, Cardiac, Cancer and Orthopaedic care


As “healthcare” becomes an increasingly diversified concept, more and more diversified medical practices are popping up all around the world driving medical tourism to new heights. The most common medical procedures and common medical diagnostic tests have become almost unaffordable in the West are moving to developing countries where people can afford proper treatment with or without insurance.

Probiotics are Effective in the Battle against Infectious Disease Prevention and Control

Probiotics may possibly a comparatively safe, simple, and low-cost solution for avoiding Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) in healing center settings, concurring to two studies, today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology. Both studies illustrate that treating patients who got antibiotics with multi-strain probiotics, showed lessen CDI occurrence rates over the period.

Although it’s not an ideal way out for a bacterium that has proven very challenging to prevent and treat, probiotics might offer patients another thread of defense. Researchers worked through clinical trialists commencing 12 countries that readily shared their statistical data to conduct an individual patient data meta-analysis and they illustrated that everyone should be considering probiotics as a possible approach for preventing CDI in patients.

Taking Probiotics is a habit that can really benefit the digestive system , which intricately connected to our overall health

The investigation on the synthesis of randomized controlled trials to establish whether probiotics reduced the probability of CDI in adults and children. It showed that probiotics abridged the chances of CDI by about two-thirds in both their non-adjusted and adjusted models (sex, use of multiple antibiotics, hospitalization status, adjusting for age, and exposure to high-risk antibiotics). In addition, they establish that, compared to no probiotics, multi-species probiotics were additionally beneficial than single-species probiotics.

This investigation analysed 18 suitable randomized controlled trials that incorporated patient data for 6,851 members comparing probiotics to fake treatment or no treatment and that detailed CDI as an outcome. Probiotics were exceptionally successful among participants taking two or more antibiotics and in settings where the risk of CDI was larger than five percent.

videoblocks-probiotics-fruit-stop-motion_snltx6crg_thumbnail-full14Another related study conducted, in which a single-center before-after quality development intercession was assessed, found that probiotics provided a deferred benefit in lessening CDI. All through the intercession period, there was a trend toward a minor incidence in CDI in the next six months, compared to the initial six months. The investigators speculate that the deferred benefit might be attributed to the moment necessary for environmental defilement with spores of C. difficile to be brought in the monitor.

There are increasing number of alternatives to stop or treat the often significant and damaging contaminations caused by C. difficile. Probiotics are a solitary option that is a low expense, comparatively safe, and possibly beneficial in the long-run.”

Group of researchers compared 12-month standard and intercession periods. Patients in the investigate received capsules containing a three-strain probiotic combination, which has to be taken within 12 hours of their antibiotics. The main conclusion of the investigation was the frequency of hospital-onset CDI amongst members.

Though this investigation showed the benefits of executing probiotics as a methodology alongside CDI, it also highlighted the impediments in this methodology. For example, during a real-world quality enhancement intervention, attainment of the probiotic agent to the right patients at the appropriate time was challenging and led to the incomplete utilize of the intervention. In addition, the beneficial results are not likely to equal those reported in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). It is important that intercessions are tested in standard practice settings to discover implementation challenges and to assess the replicability of results from RCTs in diverse settings.

Death in HIV+ immunosuppressed adults: Thorough screening is correspondent to defensive treatment

The STATIS trial has compared two pioneering techniques premeditated to lower mortality in severely immunosuppressed HIV-infected adults. Facilitated by two Scientist, the test is being conducted in Cambodia, Côte d’Ivoire, Uganda, and Vietnam.

3 (1)In spite of improved access to HIV screening and antiretroviral treatment, a lot of HIV-infected people still go through healthcare systems very late, by which stage severe immunosuppression complicates managing. Death is high in these patients, particularly because of tuberculosis, the primary cause of mortality in the HIV-infected population. Patients who instigate antiretroviral therapy late are now offered simple tuberculosis screening.

The STATIS assessment has premeditated the effects of intensive, efficient, and incessant screening for tuberculosis compared with the systematic use of antituberculosis treatment on death in the patients.

The investigation analyzed statistics from 1047 adult patients who had under no circumstances received antiretroviral therapy and whose CD4+ cell count was down (<100/mm3) at incorporation. At the commencement of antiretroviral therapy, these patients were randomized between two arms. In the first arm, the patients experienced tuberculosis screening comprising an Xpert MTB/RIF examination and a urine lipoarabinomannan measure. Only patients who showed positive were then given antituberculosis drugs. The tests could be repeated all through follow-up, depending on indications. In the second arm, every single patient received systematic antituberculosis therapy. The triumph rates of these two techniques, as a part of the number of deaths or of intrusive bacterial diseases during the initial 24 weeks of follow-up, were elevated than that earlier reported in the literature for basic tuberculosis screening. There was no considerable difference between the two strategies.

ANRS STATIS, as a result, showed that systematic instigation of antituberculosis cure is no greater than severe tuberculosis screening in diminishing mortality in severely immunosuppressed HIV-infected adults while they enter the healthcare system. The investigation is still progressing and the latest examinations will be performed for all patients after 48 weeks of follow-up. The two techniques compared in this investigation are exceptionally suited to resource-limited settings.