Aging is the process of becoming older. The study of skin problems of aging can be divided in terms of microscopic, biochemical and molecular changes. Aging is divided into two parts i.e. intrinsic and extrinsic aging. The skin and hair are subject to intrinsic aging and extrinsic aging due to external factors. Extrinsic factors for skin aging include U.V rays of the sun and smoking. Intrinsic factors are caused by genetic and epigenetic mechanism. So, this can be prevented by protecting skin from U.V rays of sun and smoking. Anti-Ageing is also prevented using sun protecting agents and cosmetic products such as chemical peels, microderm-abrasion, soft tissue fillers, non-ablative laser rejuvenation, radio-frequency techniques.
Aging may also affect the immune system responses in making antibodies against antigens. Skin ageing not only alters it also affect the physical appearance like changes in skin, bones and muscle tone, but also affects our internal organs. Ageing is a multi-factorial biochemical and physiological process that leads to change in cellular breakdown and death
The role of nutrition which slows down the rate of Anti-Ageing is:
- Dark chocolates –Chocolates are made up of cocoa beans which are having higher antioxidant capacity and high concentration of antioxidants which reduces inflammation of skin caused by exposure of UV light.
- Berries – All type of berries contains flavonoids and anthocyanins which acts as powerful antioxidants which protects the body from damages caused by cancer rate and as well as improve brain function.
- Yogurt – calcium, vitamin D and proteins are important for skin and all are available in yogurt. Yogurts also contain probiotics, which can reduce the inflammation and also increases the oxygen level.
- Extra Virgin Olive Oil –This acts as an excellent anti-loss inflammatory food as it helps in reducing cholesterol levels and also reduces aging, cancer and cardiovascular diseases.
- Nuts -Nuts are good sources of minerals, particularly walnuts. As walnuts are rich in calories, potassium, magnesium, iron, zinc, copper so they enhances the functioning of digestive and immune systems also improves skin and also helps in controlling cancer.
- Tomatoes –Tomatoes contain lycopene which is an antioxidant compound which helps in maintaining good skin texture and also reduces the risk of some types of cancer and also reduces chances of aging. Free radicals and aging. This also slows down the muscle tone.
- Grape Seed Extract- Are extracted from polyphenols& flavonoids from fruits extracts which acts as an antioxidant for skin treatment. Also helps in regeneration and also helps for an anti-wrinkle treatment.
- Jojoba Protein-These are also extracted from protein moisturizer and it also helps in regeneration and also helps for an anti-wrinkle treatment. Elastin- It is extracted from protein
- Gelatine- It is extracted from protein derived from animal/plant/marine which helps in moisturizing, restructuring and also acts as an anti-wrinkle treatment extract used in cosmetic creams.
- Whole meal pasta and rice -Carbohydrates provides supply of energy throughout the day like pasta contains carbohydrates and fibre which also controls factors such as aging.
- Watermelon – The flesh of watermelon contains vitamin A, B and C; the seeds contain selenium, essential fats, zinc and vitamin E, which helps against free radical damage and aging.
- Fish – Fish is famous for preventing premature aging as it contains Omega-3 fatty acids.
- Teas – White and green tea contains the most powerful antioxidants which reduce the aging as well as chances of cancer.
- Herbs & spices – Garlic a day helps to protect the body against cancer and heart disease. Turmeric is rich in antioxidants and prevents the formation of free radical. Cinnamon may help lower blood sugar.
The bioavailability, metabolism and dosing should be quantified before treatment of aging. Skin tone can be preserved through hydration. Natural moisturizers nourish and tone the skin which represents an innovative application of natural extractives in skin caring products. Today, unsaturated fatty acids are acting as the skin’s barrier which prevents moisture anti-loss through the topmost skin layer i.e. epidermis, which prevents the skin from damaging by external means.