Neuromorphic Computing: The Next Phase of Artificial Intelligence Technologies

6The arms race between competing artificial intelligence technologies will ultimately decide how we address our cyber security challenges.

The use of artificial intelligence and machine learning systems is increasing rapidly. ‘Machine learning’ describes systems that can learn the correct response simply by analysing lots of sample input data, without having to be explicitly programmed to perform specific tasks. Perhaps the most successful and widespread technique is the use of artificial neural networks (ANNs).

ANNs copy the manner in which that neurons work in organic frameworks, for example, the human cerebrum, making a system of interconnected counterfeit neurons. They have demonstrated to be compelling at various errands, particularly those including design acknowledgment, for example, PC vision, discourse acknowledgment or therapeutic determination from side effects or outputs.

The most-used tool in the cybercriminal’s toolbox is the DDoS, or distributed denial of service, which is little more than a data hosepipe being pointed at a particular server (or service). Now imagine this deluge scaled up and directed at entire corporations, countries or even continents. The only realistic way to defend against an automated attack is to use an automated defence, and that defence is AI.

For as long as couple of decades, neural systems have to a great extent been actualized in programming, working as a model, executed on universally useful processors. The product copies the manner in which that every individual neuron capacities, just as the interconnections between them that oversee their aggregate conduct. This is fine in the event that you need to run a huge scale neural preparing work on information that has been gathered and transferred to one of the real cloud stages or a datacentre brimming with servers, yet some certifiable applications call for handling to be taken care of at the purpose of activity, implying that it must be convenient, or possibly not require a rack loaded with servers to work.

Neuromorphic computing, which goes back to the roots of neural nets and tries to more closely simulate the way that biological neurons function, is a different approach to the problem? Existing neural nets have evolved into complex structures with many specialised layers that have developed beyond anything that exists in nature. However, the artificial neurons themselves typically have a constant value as output, which is a departure from what happens in the biological world; it is truly artificial.

Such neuromorphic processors could prompt another universe of cell phones and sensors ready to work wisely and autonomously, without requiring mains control or a system association with the cloud to give their computational abilities.

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