Category Archives: Pregnancy

Does Caffeine Intake During Pregnancy Leads to Miscarriage?

Caffeine consumption by pregnant women can increase the chance of miscarriage. And, it doesn’t matter on the off chance that the caffeine comes from coffee, tea, soda or hot chocolate.

A couple’s chance of miscarriage may arise when the woman or man devours more than two caffeinated drinks a day within the weeks leading up to conception. Similarly, women who drank more than two daily caffeinated beverages amid the primary seven weeks of pregnancy were also more likely to miscarry.

Caffeine is a stimulant and a diuretic. It increases your blood pressure and heart rate, both of which are not suggested amid pregnancy. Caffeine too increases the frequency of urination. This causes a decrease in your body liquid levels and can lead to dehydration.

Caffeine crosses the placenta to your child. Your baby’s metabolism is still developing and cannot completely metabolize the caffeine. Any sum of caffeine can moreover cause changes in your baby’s sleep pattern or normal movement pattern within the later stages of pregnancy Some studies have shown a connection between high levels of caffeine utilization and delayed conception.

In 2008, two studies on the impacts of caffeine related to miscarriage showed essentially diverse results. In one study it was found that women who consume 200mg or more of caffeine daily are twice as likely to have a miscarriage as those who do not consume any caffeine. In another study there was no increased risk in women who drank a minimal amount of coffee daily (between 200-350mg per day.)

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Women planning to become pregnant should take folic acid, a type of B vitamin, and avoid alcohol and tobacco smoke. Taking a multivitamin really helps. Not all multivitamins are secure and most specialists suggest a specially formulated prenatal vitamin.

There has been debate around whether caffeine causes unsuccessful labors or whether women who impulse stop drinking caffeine early in pregnancy have a healthier pregnancy, to begin with.

Hazards of HIV Associated with Fertility in Women Suffering from PCOS

HIV has a vast effect in women as well as with men HIV which plays a major role in effecting reproductive functions of such and in women it leads to failure of conception neither its effect on the fetus in pre-birth of baby and also show the effect to mother and child during the breastfeeding sequence, this has become the major issue in women with PCOS. The chances of getting pregnant are very less in women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. In this case, if women affected with HIV that brings the major difficulty to get fertile. There are several advanced techniques to make get pregnant and conceive are like Assisted Reproductive Technique, in vitro fertilization etc.

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Impact of HIV/AIDS on women could be a alter in fertility levels, which is impacted in a portion through changed behavior. Behaviors that have been to a great extent impacted such as expanded condom utilize, a deferred onset of sexual relations, older age at to begin with the union, and less premarital sexual relations, have driven down fertility rates. Lower rates of remarriage after an AIDS-related passing of an accomplice due to disgrace related with the surviving accomplice may moreover decrease ripeness levels. HIV/AIDS treatment is broadly accessible, positive child rearing is on the rise.

For the HIV-infected woman must be the caution to the gynecologic issues that are predominant in this populace. Among those confronted by the gynecologist are menstrual anomalies, lower genital tract neoplasia, sexually transmitted contaminations, the require for gynecologic surgery, and menopausal issues counting osteopenia/osteoporosis. Contraception in HIV seropositive ladies presents one of a kind administration issues, since of the need for a double part of the anticipation of both pregnancy and HIV transmission, the conceivable impact of birth control on HIV disease, and the interaction between birth control and HIV therapies.

The hazard of mother-to-child transmission is as low as 2% in these ranges, and treatment has drawn out life anticipation for numerous potential guardians with HIV Natural components too impact ripeness rates in HIV-positive women and men ladies with HIV may discover it more troublesome to conceive than their HIV-negative partners. HIV tainted women encounter decreased pregnancy rates and higher rates of both arranged premature birth and premature delivery. HIV/AIDS may initiate sterility, increment fetal mortality, diminish generation of spermatozoa, and now and then diminish the recurrence of sexual intercourse, all contributing to declining fertility. HIV disease may impact ladies to intentionally end a pregnancy out of fear of clearing out a vagrant or transmitting HIV to the child.

HIV influences the placenta by interferometer with the exchange of imperative supplements to the baby, or that the infection causes unusual improvement of the developing life. Other speculations incorporate a coordinate relationship between HIV and the fetal thymus organ, as well as an expanded chance of disease due to the debilitated resistant framework of the mother. HIV may moreover straightforwardly impact the capacity of HIV-positive men to deliver solid sperm.

By implication, women with HIV may encounter infertility due to coinfection with another sexually transmitted infection. Complications of HIV, such as the expanded chance of cervical anomalies, early menopause, pelvic incendiary infection (which can cause scarring of the Fallopian tubes), and extreme squandering may moreover contribute to barrenness in ladies.

Conception, or getting to be pregnant, is of specific concern for serodiscordant couples (those in which as it were one accomplice is HIV positive). More secure sex is suggested, which more often than not anticipates pregnancy. In any case, helped regenerative innovations may help serodiscordant couples in accomplishing pregnancy whereas at the same time minimizing the hazard of HIV transmission to the uninfected partner.

Pregnant ladies with coronary illness should conceive an offspring at no later than 40 weeks gestation period

15Pregnant women with heart disorder should give delivery at no later than 40 weeks of gestation. Beyond 40 weeks, pregnancy has no additional benefit for the baby and may even have harmful effects. Pregnancy is a unsafe period for women with heart disorder because it puts extra stress on the heart, so the guiding principle advise actuating labour or a caesarean section by 40 weeks. Heart disease is the primary reason women die during pregnancy in western nations. Compared to healthy pregnant ladies, those with heart disorder have a 100-fold more prominent jeopardy of mortality or heart failure. Generally, women with heart disease have a healthy pregnancy. Nevertheless, they have to be aware that they have a higher risk of obstetric complications as well as premature labor, pre-eclampsia, and post-partum bleeding. An evaluated 18-30% of offspring have complications and up to 4% of neoHeart disease in pregnancy is increasing as more women with congenital heart disease reach adulthood due to improved treatment and as the age at first pregnancy rises, accompanied by the higher rates of ischaemic heart disease in older, compared to younger, women. Cardiovascular risk factors including hypertension, diabetes and overweight are also on the rise in pregnancy as older women become pregnant and women now acquire risk factors at a younger age.

The rules give proposals on in vitro preparation (IVF), contraception, and end of pregnancy in ladies with coronary illness. IVF frequently utilizes high dosages of hormones, which increment the danger of thrombosis and heart disappointment, so ladies with coronary illness require a cardiologist’s affirmation that the picked strategy is sheltered. Since conveying in excess of one child puts more weight on the heart, ladies with coronary illness experiencing IVF are unequivocally encouraged to exchange a solitary incipient organism. Young ladies with intrinsic coronary illness require contraception counsel to maintain a strategic distance from spontaneous pregnancy. Some contraception strategies are contraindicated in patients with specific kinds of coronary illness.

For drugs used to treat coronary illness, the rules list data on unfriendly occasions acquired from human and creature considers. Likewise, the rules state: “On account of a crisis, medicates that are not prescribed by the pharmaceutical business amid pregnancy and breastfeeding should not be withheld from the mother. The potential danger of a medication and the conceivable advantage of the treatment must be weighed against each other.”

At the point when sedate organizations have no information on whether a medication is sheltered amid pregnancy and breastfeeding they tend to state it isn’t prescribed. It might be suitable to give a medication to an extremely sick lady if there are no hurtful symptoms noted in the databases recorded in the rules.

Pregnancy isn’t suggested in patients with specific sorts of coronary illness – for instance, pneumonic blood vessel hypertension, extremely expanded aorta, or seriously diminished capacity of the heart to pump blood.

Ladies with coronary illness who need to have a child require pre-pregnancy chance evaluation and guiding. Those at direct to high danger of entanglements ought to be explored by a pregnancy heart group with a cardiologist, obstetrician, gynecologist, and anaesthesiologist. A conveyance plan ought to be formulated at 20-30 weeks determining

vaginal or caesarean conveyance, regardless of whether an epidural or forceps will be utilized, and the span of doctor’s facility remain after conveyance.

The conveyance plan ought to be accessible 24 hours per day so when a pregnant lady with coronary illness touches base at healing center in labor clinic staff know precisely what to do.

We trust the rules will enhance specialists’ attention to the dangers of coronary illness in pregnancy yet in addition the restorative alternatives that are accessible to control pregnancy in these ladies.