Category Archives: Pediatrics

THE IMPORTANCE OF NUTRITION EDUCATION

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Proper nutrition is crucial for everyone, but it is especially important for kids because it is directly connected to their overall growth and development. For a healthier life during the development of kids they need the right nutrition in the right amount.

Chronic illnesses can be avoided by including the healthy fats and high fiber food in a regular diet of children and even it can help to prevent the genetic illness within their families.

Proper Nutritional Education means a Better Quality of Life

Why teach nutrition education in your classroom? Because the benefits are too valuable, and lead to making healthier choices to improved academic performance, nutrition education can benefit the whole school.

Nutrition education should become an integral part of a normal school day for elementary aged kids and should entail discussion, education, and activities that promote an increased knowledge of nutrition and expanded healthy options at home and at school.

Benefits of nutrition education:

  • Improved physical health and academic achievement
  • Kids more interested in healthy foods at home
  • Improved standardized test scores
  • Increased funding to local schools from state and federal governments
  • Increased likelihood of children creating healthy habits at a young age
  • Decreased risk of obesity among elementary students who have participated in nutrition education
  • Improved cognitive development and the potential to decrease behavioral outbursts in an educational setting
  • Increased nutrition knowledge and self-efficacy as well as decreased BMI and waist circumference amongst elementary students
  • Parents of students who participated in a nutrition cooking intervention noted an expansion in family conversations about healthy food and an increase in how often their children helped prepare dinner.
  • As a consequence of nutrition education, there was an increase in the importance parents placed on sharing a family meal together at home
  • Schedule a weekly nutrition moment where each student researches a nutrition issue that can lead to a 15-minute discussion about that nutrition issue.
  • Use healthy and simple recipes for kids to learn how to convert fractions
  • Incorporate food growth into science classes
  • Storytime in the classroom about fruits and vegetables
  • Have students draw a picture of the fruits or vegetables they have at home and present it to their class.

Nutrition education in the classroom may successfully improve students’ health outcomes and academic performance, resulting in better-standardized test scores and subsequently increased funding from the state and federal governments to local schools. While some nutrition education interventions have had limited success, this policy provides a variety of options for teaching and incorporating nutrition education into the school curriculum as it best suits students’ educational needs and teachers’ weekly lesson plans. In conclusion, setting aside time each week for nutrition education can benefit both students and schools on multiple levels.

Stress in Early Childhood

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No doubt so many people have expressed a desire to go back in their childhoods — a less burdened time when we didn’t have to work to do, pay the bills or perform all other responsibilities of being a full-fledged adult.

But we forget that childhood can be stressful. In fact, kids often suffer in silence, according to paediatrician kids struggle with moderate to extreme levels of stress. They may be pressured or in tension about everything from their academic performance to their peer relationships to their family’s finances. And that stress will have an enormous result on youngsters.

The best way to analysis if your child is stressed is by asking them directly.

Also, concentrate on their activities or any changes in your child. In parenting your stressed child, stress may be subtle. For instance, a child who used to sleep fully may now wake up in the middle of the night. In fact, decreased in academic performance is another common sign of being stressed.

In general, kids may show physical, emotional or behavioural changes in stress, some of the common ones include:

  • Headaches
  • Chest pain
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Stomach-aches
  • Fatigue
  • Anxiety
  • Social isolation
  • Withdrawal from usual activities
  • Mood swings
  • Emotional outbursts
  • Aggression
  • Trouble concentrating

Due to the busy schedule of parents also play an important role having changes in their children and lead them towards the loneliness and stressed stage.

How Parents Can Help

  • Healthy Living
  • Healthy Thinking
  • Fun, relaxation and time for friends
  • Support at home
  • Support from the school
  • Resist overscheduling
  • Make family dinners a habit
  • Get outside
  • Get a pet
  • Limit screen time
  • Get up and move

Always Remember, Stress is real. Stress is distracting. Stress is…stressful. Take note of your child’s stress levels as they fluctuate throughout the day. The more aware you are of how they are feeling, the more you can keep your anxieties from attaching themselves to your parenting. This is diligent work, this thoughtfulness, and enthusiastic control. Over the long haul, however, it merits the speculation.

Pediatric cardiology

There is a number of heart conditions that can affect children. Few children have structural differences by birth others involve the electrical system that controls the heartbeat. Pediatric cardiologists mainly treat, diagnose and manage the problems in the child.  Pediatric heart problems in children include congenital heart disease and Arrhythmias. Congenital heart disease refers to heart structural variation by birth in the child which include holes between chambers of the heart, abnormal blood vessels and valve problems. Arrhythmiasis know as abnormal heart rhythms caused by the system that controls the heartbeat electrically. Pediatric cardiologists will treat pulmonary hypertension and systemic hypertension. Systemic hypertension means high blood pressure in the body. But in few regions, pulmonary hypertension is treated by pediatric pulmonologists and systemic hypertension is treated by pediatric nephrologists.

edhgjnIn Food industries generally, Pediatric cardiologists work closely with primary care pediatricians to provide coordinated and comprehensive care. Heart Problems can arise due to various other symptoms in the body so pediatric cardiologist will team up with health care providers. For child care, there are pediatric heart surgeons, cardiac anesthesiologists, neonatologists, cardiac pediatric intensivists, pediatric radiologists, as well as pediatric nurses, nutritionists, and speech, occupational, and physical therapists. There are various Tools to diagnose cardiac conditions in children. Based on Physical and cardiac examination. For Physical examination: Vital signs and Cardiac examination will be carried out. For Laboratory examination: Electrocardiography, Chest X-ray, Pulse oximetry, Blood counts, Echocardiography, Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI and MRA), Computed tomography, Exercise testing, Cardiac catheterization are done. Environmental and genetic conditions associated with heart disease in children also play a major role. There are various Unusual forms of congenital heart disease in children, Unique cardiac conditions in newborn infants, cardiac conditions acquired during childhood, Abnormalities of heart rate and conduction in children and Congestive heart failure in infants and children. For preventing follow the treatment and precautions given by pediatric cardiologist and have a healthy lifestyle

Smart Phone Harmful To Your Eyes

Nowadays most of the people using smartphones. Smartphone provides more benefits at the same time smart overuse may damage your eyes. Smartphones, Laptops, and e-readers all transmit blue light which is toxic to specialized cells known as photoreceptors located in the retina, and responsible for our vision. Results of new research now point to a specific way in which blue light emitted from electronic devices has the potential to lead to macular degeneration, a major cause of vision loss. Retinal produced by blue light is toxic to cells. The shorter wavelength of blue light measured to other types of light, packs greater energy, generating retinal which is toxic to photoreceptor cells in the retina. Macular degeneration results from the death of specialized photoreceptor cells in the retina, so critical for vision. Smartphone misuse could contribute to serious eye diseases such as glaucoma, macular degeneration and Retinal Diseases. Eye strain from improper smartphone habits creates unnecessary suffering. Night time smartphone use leads to poor sleep. And also causes to eye strain eyes feel dry, itchy, or stinging, blurred vision, headache, neck, or shoulder pain, seeing double, trouble concentrating, and fatigue.

Photoreceptor cells are vital to our vision by capturing visual images in the world and transmitting them to our brain via a compound known as retinal. Retinal is produced by our eyes and is reacted by the blue light which leads to a number of chemical reactions. But it turns out that some of these reactions lead to toxic radicals which can permanently damage these photoreceptor cells, leading to cell death. Once they are gone, they cannot regenerate. Blue lite exposed other types of cell cancer, cardiac and neuronal diseases. When the retinal-enriched cells were exposed to blue light, the end result was also cell death.

However, there is much you can do to prevent problems from smartphones. Finally one suggestion for all the people how to use smartphones without damaging your eyes. For example, preserve the phone farther away from your face is better. Your phone has a built-in report about your usage. Additionally, you can teach loved one’s habits that help preserve healthy vision.

Unseen Infections Harming World’s Children

New research from an international coalition of scientists reveals that, Children around the world are suffering from unnoticed infections that are stunting their growth and mental development. Two new studies show that a tremendous number of children with no signs of diarrhea are carrying harmful infections. These infections prevent them from reaching their full potential and maintain a vicious cycle of poverty.

Childhood Infections:

The researchers examined more than 40,000 stool samples from children in eight countries: Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Tanzania, South Africa, Peru and Brazil. They analysed the samples using highly sensitive molecular testing to determine whether the children were carrying harmful infections.

They found 4 main pathogens which were widely present in asymptomatic children:

  • Shigella bacteria
  • Campylobacter bacteria
  • Enteroaggregative E. coli bacteria
  • Giardia parasite

The dangers of Shigella are well known to everyone, because it is associated with bloody diarrhea. In any case, the new research recommends that it might be a significantly more noteworthy danger than anticipated. The researchers examined stool samples from children with diarrhea, and they found that Shigella was very common among children with diarrhea that was not bloody. It was mostly common in second year of life.

Asymptomatic Infections:

Discovering approaches to address these contaminations among the world’s kids could have tremendous benefits. Vaccines are being developed for both Shigella and Campylobacter.

Still researches are going on to determine if treating these asymptomatic infections will reduce stunting without significantly increasing antibiotic resistance.

Improving Pediatric Asthma Care Is Possible

Asthma is a condition in which the airways narrow and inflame and produce extra mucus. Not all children have the same asthma symptoms, and these symptoms can vary from one episode to another in the same child. According to a new study, it is clear that improved and personalized assessments for hospitalized patients can improve the accuracy of prescribed therapy for asthma a child receives. Asthma kills approximately 4000 people annually, including several hundred children.

Asthma can be caused by many factors, including

  • Allergens – pollen, animals.
  • Irritants – cigarette, air pollution.
  • Climate – cold air, changes in climate
  • Exercise
  • Infections – flu, common cold

 The study showed that the quality of asthma care improved after doctors were equipped with simplified patient care decision-making tools, an electronic medical record system and access to a mobile phone application to guide personalized attention to each patient. People with asthma persistently suffer from inflammation of the airways and constriction due to various irritants. The irritants that inflame the lungs are called triggers. The triggers of asthma include: pollen, viruses, cigarette smoke, dust mites, pollution, cockroaches, exercise, mold, pet dander, among many others.

 Some children with asthma have a mild illness and need a rescue inhaler every now and then. However, children with persistent asthma need to use a daily asthma control medication, such as an inhaled corticosteroid, to prevent asthma attacks.

Inhaled corticosteroids taken every day decrease the chronic inflammation found in asthma. It has been proven that these medications reduce the frequency and severity of asthma exacerbations.

Do humans need dairy?

The Role of Fats in Milk and Dairy Products in Nutrition and Health

We area unit witness to important shifts within the international food and nutrition atmosphere, some being terribly positive however others movement deep considerations. Hunger and malnutrition continue to issue worldwide. 870 Million People are chronically undernourished. Close to one billion folks area unit unable to satisfy their minimum energy needs and a couple of billion suffer from substance deficiencies. The large number of population is under the risk and the young children, pregnant and lactating women, the poor, the sick and the elderly are at the greatest risk.

The research predicts that the human population will increase from approximately 7 billion in 2011 to 9.5 billion in 2050. Due to the growth in population and affluence leads by 50% increment in dairy products.

The high demands of dairy and milk products can be resolved by the new innovative solution in milk production and dairy product manufacturing.

According to the research obesity rates have doubled since 1980. Weight can be managed by the regular use of dairy products.

According to the respective report, Milk and Dairy Products in Human Nutrition, milk and dairy products can be important in diversifying the diet. As they are nutrient-dense and provide high-quality protein and micronutrients in an easily absorbed form and can benefit both nutritionally vulnerable people as well as healthy people when consumed in appropriate quantities and as a part of healthy uptake pattern.

 Milk and dairy farm product may be vital sources of atomic number 20, magnesium, selenium, riboflavin, vitamin B complex, and pantothenic acid. In short, the growing consumption of dairy farm will bring vital organic process edges to massive segments of the population in developing and developed countries.

Most countries suggest a minimum of one serving of milk or milk product daily; some, up to four servings each day. Unfortunately, consumption information confirms that intakes of dairy farm foods come short of recommendations.

Dairy product area unit related to maintaining a healthy weight and smart bone health. Evidence conjointly continues to mount for associations with reduced risk of many diseases and conditions, together with pathology, hypertension, colon cancer, metabolic syndrome, and type 2-diabetes.

Good health depends on good nutrition. Good nutrition, in turn, depends on agriculture to produce the foods for a diet that meets our desires for energy and essential nutrients like macromolecule, vitamins, and minerals. To achieve this goal, stakeholders from agriculture, industry, academia, and the government will have to collaborate to identify practical, sustainable interventions to safeguard the health and well-being of our global population – now and in the future.

In many cases the precise mechanism of these protective effects is not well understood, indicating a need for further research.

Dairy, as is true with most placental product has been challenged as conferring too nice of a carbon footprint and/or overall environmental toll. All foods have a sway on environmental property, including land usage, water resource preservation, and biodiversity, erosion, and air pollution. However, for next generations, the dairy industry has operated in a way to continually reduce its impact on natural resources during producing and delivering fresh, wholesome foods.

Be that as it may, for generations, the dairy business has worked in a way to continually reduce its effect on characteristic assets while creating and conveying crisp, wholesome foods.

In fact, globally the dairy farm sector, which includes milk production, processing, and transportation, accounts for around 3 percent of all GHG emissions.

Dairy cows’ area unit extraordinarily economical at changing human-inedible material into high-quality milk and area unit internet contributors to the human food provide. Land that’s too poor or too erodible for crops may be productive with grazing ruminants.

Ocular Pharmacology and Drugs

The eye is a specialized sensory organ that is approximately secluded from fundamentally access by the blood-vitreous barriers, blood-retinal, and blood-aqueous; as a consequence, the eye exhibits some abnormal pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetic properties. Because of its anatomical isolation, the eye offers a unique, organ-specific pharmacological laboratory in which to study the autonomic nervous system and the effects of inflammation and infectious diseases. No other organ in the body is so readily accessible or as visible for observation; however, the eye also presents some unique challenges as well as opportunities for drug delivery.

Ophthalmic diseases embrace each that analogous to general diseases and not analogous. Several anterior phase diseases square measure treated pharmacologically through eye drops that have an associate degree implicit therapeutic index of native medical care. Not like oral dose forms administered for general diseases, eye drops need patients not solely to stick to treatment, however, to be ready to accurately perform, instill drops properly. Anatomical and physiological barriers create topical delivery to the anterior chamber challenging in some cases tougher than absorption through the skin, nasal passages, or gut. Treatment of the posterior phase (eg, vitreous, retina, choroid, and optic nerve) is tougher because of extra barriers.

Recently, intravitreal injections became customary of care with biologics for the treatment of devolution and alternative diseases. Though the attention has esterases, hydroxylases, and transporters, it’s comparatively very little CYP450 enzymes. As a result of it’s difficult to get drug concentrations at the target website, ocular clinical Materia medical and so pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamics interactions, square measure seldom offered. Ophthalmic prescribed drugs need to be thought of solubility, physiological pH, and osmolality; moreover, as sterility and stability, that successively needs the best medicine. Though applied regionally, ocular medications are also absorbed systemically, which ends up in morbidity and mortality (eg, general cardiovascular disease, spasm, and bradycardia).

A serious outburst in tropical countries

Protect Your Child from Dengue3

What is Dengue?

Dengue is a viral infection spread by mosquitoes. It’s widespread in many parts of the world

These mosquitoes bite most often early in the morning or in the early evening. You can get it again if you’ve had it before, as you’ll only be immune to one variant of the virus.

How it effects?

Infected mainly through a bite from Aedes aegypti mosquito

This mosquito feeds and breeds in small man-made articles that contain water, rests inside buildings. 4

Dengue is caused by any one of four types of dengue viruses. When a mosquito bites a person infected with a dengue virus, the virus enters the mosquito. When the infected mosquito bites another person, the virus now enters healthy person’s bloodstream

Symptoms5

A common symptom in more severe cases is loss of platelets. In most people the infection is mild without causing any lasting problems. But in rare cases it can be potentially life threatening.

Why loss of platelets?

The virus infects cells of the human immune system, leading to symptoms that include liver damage and loss of white blood cells.

This is because of the following:

Dengue suppresses bone marrow which is the platelet-producing area, leading to decreased platelet count. Blood cells affected by dengue virus damage platelets, leading to their drastic fall in numbers. Antibodies produced in dengue also lead to massive destruction of platelets.6

Treatments

There’s no specific treatment or widely available vaccine for dengue. Treatment is rest, plenty of fluids and paracetamol for pain. Dengue usually resolves in one to two weeks. Especially in babies and young children, dengue may progress to dengue haemorrhagic fever.7

Best Foods to Recover from Dengue Fever

Papaya- Papaya leaves are the best option to go for

Broccoli -Excellent source of Vitamin K which helps to regenerate blood platelets.

Pomegranate- rich in essential nutrients and minerals that provides the body with required energy.

Can papaya leaves cure dengue?

Many health experts suggest papaya leaf juice as an effective remedy to treat dengue fever. The leaf extract increases platelet counts in the patients suffering from dengue.8

Acetogenin is a compound found in Papaya leaves have strong anti-malarial properties, making them best to cure dengue fever and malaria and Dengue

Don’t forget Chikungunya and Zika

Dengue, Zika, and Chikungunya are all carried by the pesky Aedes aegypti mosquito.

Is there any vaccine available for Dengue?

In 2016 a partially effective vaccine for dengue fever (Dengvaxia) became commercially available in 11 countries: Mexico, the Philippines, Indonesia, Brazil, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Paraguay, Guatemala, Peru, Thailand, and Singapore.

Sanofi’s vaccine designed to coax the body’s immune system into making antibodies against all the four forms of dengue.

How can we keep safe from dengue?

  • Personal protection and the environmental management of mosquitoes
  • Apply mosquito repellent, ideally one containing DEET
  • Cover your arms and legs by wearing long-sleeves and long pants
  • Use mosquito nets while sleeping

Over and over, nature shows that it’s a tough adversary. That’s why it’s important that we invest in laboratories, disease detectives, research, mosquito control, the public health system around the world to find, stop, track, prevent health threats.

Find more research advances in the diseases of children in our Pediatrics Diseases Session

On November 12-13 by our Honourable guests at Radisson Blu, Dubai Deira Creek

Explore Advancements in Pediatrics, Neonatal and Child Care

 

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How safe is the birth control pill: What’s Right for You?

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Birth control pills are believed to be one of the most effective birth control methods. Wikipedia states that over 100 million women worldwide, nearly 12 million women in the United States alone use birth control pills.

So what happens when taking oral contraceptives?

Will pills have any negative effect on your developing baby?

Is it best to stop your birth control pill immediately after finding out that you are pregnant?P n 2

Birth control pills are combination pills and progestin-only pills (the minipill).

Combination pills contain two kinds of hormones: Estrogen and progestin. These pills makes cervical mucus to thicken and the uterus lining to thin which keeps sperm from meeting with and fertilizing an egg.

Progestin-only pills work the same way as combination pills keeping sperm from reaching an egg.

Is it safe to take the pill while breastfeeding?pn 3

Combination pills may reduce the amount and quality of your breast milk in the first 3 weeks of breastfeeding.

Progestin-only pills are safe to use while you’re breastfeeding. Because they don’t effect on how much milk you produce.

Effective birth control methods:

Condoms

Diaphragm, Cervical Cap

Hormonal Methods

Oral Contraceptives

The Intrauterine Device (IUD)

Fertility Awareness Method

Lactational Amenorrhea Method

Vasectomy

After reading this blog on the birth control pill and its affects you may want to rethink taking it.

Meet the top Gynaecologists in PEDIATRICS NEONATAL CARE 2018 and get insights into this broader topic.