Category Archives: Pediatrics

Can we measure child health by growth ?

There is a relationship between child growth and health can we measure Growth is the progressive increase in the size of a kid or parts of a child. Development is a term of progressive acquisition of different types of skills, abilities those are as following head support, speaking, learning, expressing the feelings and relating with other people. Growth and development are go together but at involves in different rates.

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Importance of the child growth and development:

The assessment of growth and development is very helpful in finding out the state of Child health and nutrition of a child. Normal growth of a child and development indicate a good state of health and nutrition of a child. Abnormal growth or growth failure is a symptom of illness or disease. so the measurement of growth is an essential component of the physical examination.

Some of the Factors affecting growth and development are as following:

Each child’s path or pattern of growth and development is differ compared to one to another it will be based on genetic and environmental factors The genetic factors mostly determines the potential and limitations of growth and development. If favourable the environmental factors, such as adequate nutrition facilitate the achievement of the genetic potential of growth and development. Unfavourable factors, acting singly feeling  or in combination, slow or stop growth and development Some of the unfavourable factors are low nutrition  infections  congenital malformations, hormonal disturbances, disability, less  emotional support, lack of interest to  play and lack of language training To promote optimum growth  these environmental factors can be removed or minimized. Once they are removed there follows a period of catching  up growth During this period the growth rate is greater than normal This growth rate continues until the previous growth pattern is reached Then the growth rate is reduced to the normal rate determined by the individual’s genetic factors A child genetically determined to be tall grows slightly more rapidly than a child genetically determined to be short Similarly  a child genetically determined to be clever develops their intellect more  than a child genetically determined to be less intelligent.


Foods which are helpful in child growth :

Dairy Products, Eggs, Chicken, Soybean, Banana, Oatmeal, Nuts and seeds, Leafy green vegetables, Fruits, Fish, Carrots, whole grains, Turnips, Beans

Foods to avoid:

While the above foods help increase height in children there are some which are detrimental to growth as well. The intake of excessive sugar, salts, coffee, fat and aerated drinks should be curbed. This is because these foods are known as calcium inhibitors, which can impact the absorption of calcium in the body in a negative way. Smoking and consumption of drugs in your child’s growing years can also stunt growth and take a negative toll on health. Children with poor eating habits can also develop health complications like obesity, heart disease, type 1 diabetes, arthritis, and osteoporosis, in the long run.

What is Psychology of a child and Why Is It Important?

Child Psychology is a field of study which involves the mental, emotional and behavioural development of a child. It traces the entire journey of a child from infancy until the end of adolescence and studies their cognitive and intellectual development.

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Why s It Important:

The early years of an individual’s life are crucial for their emotional, social and physical wellbeing. This has an overall impact on their personalities as an adult. Research says that the early years play a significant role in brain development too. A person’s early experiences both with their parents as well as with the outside world profoundly affect their future physical, cognitive, emotional and social development. Understanding the psychological needs of a child is not easy, but it needs to be done. Children at different stages of development behave in different ways. A child of 5 – 6 years will behave differently than an adolescent. Realising and accepting your child’s likes, dislikes, qualities like good or bad is the key to being a good parent. When you accept them just the way they are, they get a sense of security.

Physical Development:

which  is typically a predictable sequence of events if Your child holds their head up  rolls over, crawls, walks, and runs, in that order. Your Child Psychologist can aid your paediatrician in observing your child’s physical development, and if there are any abnormalities that could indicate developmental irregularities. Child Psychologists will observe your child’s progression toward the milestones of development to ensure that your child is physically developing normally. Major delays in physical development may reveal other underlying developmental issues that can then be addressed early on.

Cognitive Development:

The medical understanding of childhood cognitive development has greatly changed in  recent years. We now know that even new born babies are aware of their environment and are interested in it, even before they have the language to express that.

Cognitive development can be defined as intellectual learning and thought processes of a child. It includes the observation and understanding of the world around them, language learning, memory, decision-making, problem-solving, how the child uses their imagination, and how the child uses basic reasoning. All of these factors are influenced by a child’s genetics and environment.

Social emotional development represents a specific domain of adult development. It is a gradual, integrative process through which children need the capacity to understand, experience, express, and manage emotions and to develop meaningful relationships with others. As such, social emotional development encompasses a large range of skills and constructs, including, but not limited to self-awareness, joint attention, and play, theory of mind, self-esteem, emotion regulation, friendships, and identity development. Many mental health disorders, including major depressive disorder, anxiety disorders, borderline personality disorder, substance use disorders, and eating disorders, can be conceptualized through the lens of social emotional development, most prominently emotion regulation. Many of the core symptoms of autism spectrum disorder reflect abnormalities in social emotional developmental areas, including joint attention and theory of mind.

How can a Child Psychologist Help?

Child Psycho-therapists can help in a lot of ways. They are well trained to help children with family problems, issues at school, health-related problems, and difficult relationships. They also specialize in helping children with disorders like ADHD, Schizophrenia, Depression, Anxiety, Eating Disorders, etc. Child Psycho-therapists also work on the development of a child’s mental health and focus on their overall development cognitive, social, emotional and linguistic. Childhood is a very important phase in our life A bad childhood could have a negative impact on the individual’s adulthood as well. and also  awareness of your child’s personality is an essential part of parenting. Only if you know your child well will you be able to focus on his talents and positives which in turn will give him a well-rounded personality in the years to come.

Is your child growing normally ?

1Growth is the progressive increase in the size of a kid or parts of a child. Development is a term of progressive acquisition of different types of skills, abilities those are as following head support, speaking, learning, expressing the feelings and relating with other people. Growth and development are go together but at involves in different rates.

Importance of the child growth and development

The assessment of growth and development is very helpful in finding out the state of Child health and nutrition of a child. Normal growth of a child and development indicate a good state of health and nutrition of a child. Abnormal growth or growth failure is a symptom of illness or disease. so the measurement of growth is an essential component of the physical examination.

Some of the Factors affecting growth and development are as following

Each child’s path or pattern of growth and development is differ compared to one to another it will be based on genetic and environmental factors The genetic factors mostly determines the potential and limitations of growth and development. If favourable the environmental factors, such as adequate nutrition facilitate the achievement of the genetic potential of growth and development. Unfavourable factors, acting singly feeling  or in combination, slow or stop growth and development Some of the unfavourable factors are low nutrition  infections  congenital malformations, hormonal disturbances, disability, less  emotional support, lack of interest to  play and lack of language training To promote optimum growth  these environmental factors can be removed or minimized. Once they are removed there follows a period of catching  up growth During this period the growth rate is greater than normal This growth rate continues until the previous growth pattern is reached Then the growth rate is reduced to the normal rate determined by the individual’s genetic factors A child genetically determined to be tall grows slightly more rapidly than a child genetically determined to be short Similarly  a child genetically determined to be clever develops their intellect more  than a child genetically determined to be less intelligent.

Foods which are helpful in child growth :

Dairy Products, Eggs, Chicken, Soybean, Banana, Oatmeal, Nuts and seeds, Leafy green vegetables, Fruits, Fish, Carrots, whole grains, Turnips, Beans

Foods to avoid:

While the above foods help increase height in children there are some which are detrimental to growth as well. The intake of excessive sugar, salts, coffee, fat and aerated drinks should be curbed. This is because these foods are known as calcium inhibitors, which can impact the absorption of calcium in the body in a negative way. Smoking and consumption of drugs in your child’s growing years can also stunt growth and take a negative toll on health. Children with poor eating habits can also develop health complications like obesity, heart disease, type 1 diabetes, arthritis, and osteoporosis, in the long run.

Microbiota Exchange Treatment (MTT)

C1Research has likewise discovered that autism youngsters regularly experience interminable gastrointestinal issues much more as often as possible as kids without chemical imbalance.

A new type of treatment — microbiota exchange treatment (MTT) — can help tackle gastrointestinal issues in kids with autism. Additionally, they needed to see whether this mediation could influence other mental imbalance markers.

 For what reason is bacterial decent variety in the gut so critical for wellbeing?

MTT includes gathering, preparing, and solidifying the fecal material of sound individuals, and afterward controlling it — orally or rectally — to the individual getting the treatment. Along these lines, the solid microscopic organisms should restore equalization in the gut micro biome of the individual encountering gastrointestinal issues.

“Children with mental imbalance are missing essential advantageous microorganisms, and have fewer alternatives in the bacterial menu of imperative capacities that microbes give to the gut than regularly creating children.”

In any case, the underlying clinical preliminary just analyzed the impacts of MTT two months after the treatment. Presently, the analysts have led a subsequent report to see whether the new treatment would be as compelling 2 years after its organization.

The examination — the discoveries of which currently show up in the diary Nature — included a similar 18 medically introverted youngsters who took an interest in the previous clinical preliminary.

The analysts got the guardians’ and kids’ composed assent before selecting the last as members in the new preliminary.

Analysts happy with preliminary outcomes

The analysts clarify that toward the beginning of the examination; medically introverted youngsters had more unfortunate bacterial assorted variety in the gut, contrasted and neurotypical kids with sound and adjusted microbiota.

All the more explicitly, two valuable bacterial strands — Bifidobacteria and Prevotella — were inadequate in the microbiota of kids on the range.

Following the underlying MTT intercession, the mentally unbalanced kids experienced more gut bacterial assorted variety, including expanded dimensions of Bifidobacteria and Prevotella. In the new clinical preliminary, which estimated bacterial decent variety in the gut following 2 years from the mediation, the kids had significantly progressively bacterial assorted variety and an enduring nearness of stimulating microbes.

Improve Lung Function of the Children during Pregnancy

5Despite the fact that that smoking amid pregnancy isn’t good for fetal wellbeing, a few ladies who smoke experience issues stopping the propensity amid pregnancy. Presently, as indicated by new research, there might be an approach to help ensure the lung capacity of newborn children destined to such ladies: a straightforward every day nutrient C pill.

Researchers allotted a gathering of 179 pregnant ladies who smoked to get either a day by day 500 mg nutrient C pill or a fake treatment pill amid the beginning times of pregnancy. At the point when the specialists surveyed the babies’ with institutionalized aspiratory work tests inside 3 days of birth, they found that 2 imperative proportions of lung work (the proportion of time to top tidal expiratory stream to expiratory time and the detached respiratory consistence) were essentially better in infants of moms who took nutrient C contrasted and the individuals who did not. At 1 year of age, nonetheless, these distinctions on aspiratory work tests were never again huge.

Be that as it may, at 1 year of age, the level of newborn children who had wheezing, as revealed by their essential guardians, was fundamentally unique between the two gatherings: 15% in the nutrient C bunch versus 30% in the fake treatment gathering.

Unfortunately, half of pregnant smokers are not able stop smoking

To stop smoking amid pregnancy, and this has critical negative consequences for the baby, especially on their future lung capacity and asthma hazard. We had convincing fundamental information from concentrates in monkeys to help our speculation that every day nutrient C may help improve the infants’ lung work, and did this examination to explore this plausibility

Don’t miss the important guidelines to check fever in infants

11Guardians may stress when they see that a child has a fever, in spite of the fact that fever is an indication of a sound invulnerable framework. Infants, nonetheless, have progressively vulnerable bodies and a fever can flag a genuine disease.

In this blog, we take a look at the reasons for a fever in children, what it implies, and when to see a specialist. We likewise talk about how to think about a child with a fever.

A child with a fever may not be sick, as children are less ready to manage their body temperature.

When taking a child’s temperature, individuals can utilize a rectal thermometer for the most precise outcomes.

Fever in a infants relies upon the strategy for taking the temperature:

  • above 100.4°F utilizing a rectal thermometer
  • above 100°F utilizing an oral thermometer (not exact in babies)
  • above 99°F utilizing an armpit thermometer

Fever does not really flag a genuine sickness. On the off chance that the infant’s conduct is ordinary, they are probably going to be OK. Notwithstanding, if an infant under 3 months of age has a fever higher than 100.4°F when taken rectally, a parental figure should call a specialist.

The seriousness of a fever does not constantly correspond with how wiped out the youngster is.

Children’s body temperatures can ascend for some reasons other than disease, including broadened crying, sitting in the hot sun, or investing energy playing. Their temperature may likewise rise a little when they are getting teeth. None of these things causes a fever.

The ordinary temperature for children relies upon their age:

  • For newborn children of 0– 2 years, typical reaches are 97.9– 100.4°F when taken rectally
  • For babies, the normal body temperature is 99.5°F

The ordinary body temperature ranges contrast for grown-ups, kids, and children.

A child’s body is less ready to manage temperature than an adult’s, which means it very well may be progressively troublesome for them to chill off amid a fever. Their bodies are normally hotter than a grown-up’s body since they are all the more metabolically dynamic, which creates heat.

Don’t Miss out new formula of Breastfeeding

8Despite the fact that the essential refresh in this clinical report concentrated on youth hypersensitivities, there was new proof with respect to the job of breastfeeding and hydrolyzed equations in the advancement of atopic ailment in kids.

The report discovered proof that breastfeeding babies for a more extended timeframe were defensive against asthma following 5 years, while in 2008 the proof that breastfeeding was defensive was “not persuading.”

Thusly, any breastfeeding past 3 to 4 months was additionally defensive against wheezing in the initial 2 years of a newborn child’s life, Greer and partners noted. This varied from the 2008 report where just select breastfeeding was defensive against wheezing.

While the 2008 report discovered “moderate proof” that hydrolyzed equations deferred or anticipated atopic dermatitis in newborn children not only breastfed for an initial couple of months, this report found an “absence of proof” to help to utilize hydrolyzed recipe, notwithstanding for kids at a high hazard for the unfavourably susceptible malady.

In any case, a large number of the ends in the 2008 report stayed unaltered, including:

  • Breastfeeding for the initial 3 to 4 months diminished the rate of dermatitis inside the newborn child’s initial 2 years
  • No long haul preferences came about because of breastfeeding past 3 to 4 months as far as an atopic ailment
  • No ends were made with respect to the job breastfeeding plays at the beginning of sustenance sensitivities

Likewise unaltered was an absence of proof demonstrating the presence of peanuts, eggs, fish, or other allergenic nourishments following 4 to a half year counteracts atopic malady, as per Greer and partners.

9At long last, the report found no proof to help to limit maternal eating regimens amid pregnancy or breastfeeding to keep the advancement of sensitivities.

This report does not address rules for kids who have effectively created atopic ailment; rather it is expected to depict approaches to “avert or delay atopic ailment through early dietary mediation.” The information with respect to the utilization of prebiotics, probiotics, nutrient D, and long-fasten polyunsaturated unsaturated fats to forestall atopic infection was likewise constrained and was consequently excluded in this report either.

Pediatric Emergency Physicians

A pediatric emergency physician’s they are specialist for children and teens for the ill and injuries. They have been trained for the wide range of problems for immediate medicinal help. That problem will be lead to life threatening.2

Pediatric emergency physicians are trained for diagnosis for all types of emergencies in infants, children, teens, and young adults. The acute medical problems can be seen like fever, infections, breathing difficulty, dehydration, and severe allergic reactions. Major cases will be observed like fractures, head injuries, burns, food poison and several complications of chronic diseases, asthma, and congenital a their birth. Minor injuries like animal bites, sprains.

Types of Pediatric Physicians:

These are the Physicians are need at the emergency department they are:

Neonatologist: They are trained for the new born babies with high risk of health those are born earlier with birth effect.

Pediatric allergist: They service for the child those are effects with the mold bees, food infections, which can be lead to asthma, a rash, or dangerous anaphylaxis.

Pediatric cardiologist: Diagnosis treatment for the heart conditions of child it includes congenital heart diseases and abnormal heart rhythm.

Pediatric endocrinologist: They deal with digestion or gut health, such as food problems, belly pain, acid reflux, and irritable bowel syndrome.

Child neurologist: They deal with brain and nervous system issues, brain tumor and migraines.

Pediatric oncologist: Treatment for cancer.

Take a closer look on the Omega 3 supplements

1Premature birth is the main source of death for kids under 5 years of age around the world, representing near one million deaths every year. Premature infants are at higher danger of a scope of long time conditions including visual hindrance, formative postponement and learning troubles.

Premature birth is a basic worldwide medical problem, with an expected 15 million infants brought into the world too soon every year

“While the length of most pregnancies is somewhere in the range of 38 and 42 weeks, untimely children are those conceived before the 37-week point – and the prior an infant is conceived, the more noteworthy the danger of death or weakness.”2

The long-chain omega-3 fats and their job in lessening the danger of untimely births – especially Docosahexaenoic corrosive (DHA) and Eicosapentaenoic corrosive (EPA) found in greasy fish and fish oil supplements. They saw 70 randomized preliminaries and found that for pregnant ladies, expanding the everyday admission of long-chain omega-3s:

  • Lowers the danger of having an premature infant (under 37 weeks) by 11% (from 134 for each 1000 to 119 for every 1000 births)
  • Lowers the danger of having an early premature infant (under 34 weeks) by 42% (from 46 for each 1000 to 27 for every 1000 births)
  • Reduces the danger of having a little infant (under 2500g) by 10%

“There are relatively few choices for preventing untimely birth, so these new discoveries are vital for pregnant ladies, babies and the well being experts who care for them. The cause of premature babies is not discovered yet, so anticipating and avoiding early birth has always been a risk of test. This is one reason omega-3 supplementation in pregnancy is of such extraordinary enthusiasm to scientists around the globe.”

THE IMPORTANCE OF NUTRITION EDUCATION

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Proper nutrition is crucial for everyone, but it is especially important for kids because it is directly connected to their overall growth and development. For a healthier life during the development of kids they need the right nutrition in the right amount.

Chronic illnesses can be avoided by including the healthy fats and high fiber food in a regular diet of children and even it can help to prevent the genetic illness within their families.

Proper Nutritional Education means a Better Quality of Life

Why teach nutrition education in your classroom? Because the benefits are too valuable, and lead to making healthier choices to improved academic performance, nutrition education can benefit the whole school.

Nutrition education should become an integral part of a normal school day for elementary aged kids and should entail discussion, education, and activities that promote an increased knowledge of nutrition and expanded healthy options at home and at school.

Benefits of nutrition education:

  • Improved physical health and academic achievement
  • Kids more interested in healthy foods at home
  • Improved standardized test scores
  • Increased funding to local schools from state and federal governments
  • Increased likelihood of children creating healthy habits at a young age
  • Decreased risk of obesity among elementary students who have participated in nutrition education
  • Improved cognitive development and the potential to decrease behavioral outbursts in an educational setting
  • Increased nutrition knowledge and self-efficacy as well as decreased BMI and waist circumference amongst elementary students
  • Parents of students who participated in a nutrition cooking intervention noted an expansion in family conversations about healthy food and an increase in how often their children helped prepare dinner.
  • As a consequence of nutrition education, there was an increase in the importance parents placed on sharing a family meal together at home
  • Schedule a weekly nutrition moment where each student researches a nutrition issue that can lead to a 15-minute discussion about that nutrition issue.
  • Use healthy and simple recipes for kids to learn how to convert fractions
  • Incorporate food growth into science classes
  • Storytime in the classroom about fruits and vegetables
  • Have students draw a picture of the fruits or vegetables they have at home and present it to their class.

Nutrition education in the classroom may successfully improve students’ health outcomes and academic performance, resulting in better-standardized test scores and subsequently increased funding from the state and federal governments to local schools. While some nutrition education interventions have had limited success, this policy provides a variety of options for teaching and incorporating nutrition education into the school curriculum as it best suits students’ educational needs and teachers’ weekly lesson plans. In conclusion, setting aside time each week for nutrition education can benefit both students and schools on multiple levels.