The health of your mouth may affect your overall health of your body. Inproper oral health may influence your body’s response to heart disease and stroke. Healthy gums help protect your body from the bacteria (germs) on your teeth and in your mouth that can cause an infection. If germs stay on your teeth for too long, layers of plaque and tartar (hardened plaque) develop. This buildup leads to early gum disease, called gingivitis. Redness, swollen, tender or bleeding gums are symtomes of an early gum infection. Unless the infection is treated the inflammation continues.
Inflammation is the body’s natural response to an infection or a foreign object in side our body. Experts think that as inflamed blood vessels swell less blood may flow to the heart and the rest of the body, raising blood pressure.
Bacteria may enter the bloodstream through the gums and become part of fatty plaques (a buildup of fat, cholesterol, calcium and other substances) in blood vessels.
- A stroke occurs when fatty plaques break off the wall of a blood vessel and travel to the brain cutting off its blood supply.
- A heart attack occurs when fatty plaques form lumps in blood vessel leading to the heart.
Smoking is one of the reason which is related to gum disease, heart disease and stroke. Smoking weakens your body’s immune system. This makes it rigid to fight off a gum infection. Once you have gum damage, smoking also makes it problematic for your gums to heal.
Nicotine in tobacco causes blood vessels to constrict. As vessels narrow, blood pressure rises. Undetected or uncontrolled high blood pressure leads to heart disease, stroke, kidney failure and premature death. Quitting smoking and maintaining a healthy blood pressure through diet, exercise and nutrition may reduce the risk of developing heart disease and stroke.
Extra Experiments needs to be conducted on the relationship between oral health and heart disease and stroke. However, it is necessary to note that people with good oral health generally have fewer chronic diseases, including heart disease and stroke.
“How to reduce your risk for getting heart attack or stroke up to four times” is the Oral Presentataion to be conducted by Dr. Dirk Schreckenbach of University of Saarland, Germany under the session ‘Diabetes and periodontal disease’ at the meeting 34th International Conference on Dental & Oral Health which is going to be held in Helsinki, Finland during October 21-22, 2019.