Category Archives: Nutrition

Is it harmful to EAT before bedtime?

2Eating late nights is never ideal, but sometimes you don’t have any choice especially when your day is like a marathon. There are many studies on whether eating before sleep will boost up the metabolism or will increase the fat level in the body. This is all depended on what you eat before going on the bed.

If you have heavy meals with lot of carbs then this initially leads to fat deposition and may leads to cardiovascular problems. Having a low energy food will help in regulating the sugar levels in the blood and also help you with good sleep and leave you waking up hungry in the morning.

Eating lean protein, whole grains, fresh fruits, vegetables, and having handful of nuts will always be a better choice. In the same way warm milk, crackers can help to drift you off to sleep; the sugar content in them will hit the serotonin in the brain and can aid us to sleep. Even an apple, a bit of almond butter, a piece of sweet potato or something simple and clean,

Full meals before going on to the bed can be harmful as it can cause weight gain and heartburns which will disturb the sleep. In the same way sleeping with the empty stomach can also disturb your sleep so eating at least two hours before the bed is good for your tummy. For women it will be beneficial to eat every 3-4 hours for stable blood sugar and hormone production.

It’s important to eat enough during the day so you aren’t catching up on calories at night. Having water or tea help you to do something with your hands and keep you hydrated and therefore less hungry. Your metabolism slows down, so nighttime is the slowest time for your digestion. Coming to metabolism it drops 10% to 15% during the night and can even reach a 35% decrease during your deepest sleep cycles. Finally mindlessly eating before bed can be harmful to your body.

2nd International Conference on Nutrition, Food Science and Technology

Food and Nutrition Research builds the integral relationship between the food and a nutritional benefit which brings together outstanding and comprehensive reviews that highlight the circumstances for a healthy living.  The Latest technologies to enhance various healthy diet control, weight loss for physical fitness. It is one of the largest innovative platforms for dieticians, Food labelling specialists, Clinical nutritionists in all fields of medicine.

Broadly distinguished Keynote Speakers are:

  • Ozlem Tokusoglu, Celal Bayar University; Turkey
  • Thierry Regnier, Tshwane University of technology, South Africa
  • Wojciech Piekoszewski, Jagiellonian University, Poland

Eminent speakers at the event are:

  • Alessio Cappelli, University of Florence, Italy
  • Anu Aggarwal, Anu Aggarwal Foundation, India
  • Mohammad Kamil, Health Authority, UAE
  • Ghazala Riaz, University of Delhi, India
  • Satya Sree Nannapaneni, Vignan’s Foundation for Science, Technology & Research, India
  • Lara Hanna Wakim, Holy Spirit University of Kaslik, Lebanon
  • Shameema Vattamkandathil, Escaso Smart Wellness Private Limited, India
  • Prakash Kondekar, Royal Society of Health, UK

For more information and program details related to Food Technology Congress 2019, please click here

Keep Your Child Healthy

mom giving homogenized food to her daughter on high chair. Horizontal shapeNeonatal nutrition is crucial, particularly to promote growth and sustain the physical requirements at the various stages of a child’s development within the first couple weeks of life. Breastfeeding and complementary feeding have vital ingredients that don’t seem to be found in any infant formula, to build the baby’s immune system. Neonatal/ Pediatric biological process desires vary significantly with age, level of activity, and environmental conditions which are directly associated with the speed of growth.

Children feel better when they eat well. Nutritional problems greatly fall into two categories, inadequate intake and unbalanced intake of meals or a specific dietary component. Such education is more efficient utilization of handy meals and economic resources to provide nutritious diets and higher care for the most vulnerable groups. In recent sectors of society the place illnesses of affluence are taking an increasing toll, nutrition education have to be directed to ideal meals selection, consumption and lifestyle.

Tips for Healthy Feeding

  • Habit for Healthy Foods: Children feel better when they eat well. So feed them with solid alternatives incorporate crisp vegetables and organic products, low-fat dairy items (drain, yogurt, cheeses) or dairy substitutes, lean proteins (beans, chicken, turkey, angle, lean burger, tofu, eggs), and entire grain oats and bread.
  • Don’t anticipate cleaning their plates: Serve proper segment sizes, however don’t anticipate that your tyke should dependably eat everything served. Stunningly better, let kids pick their very own part sizes. It is alright if youngsters don’t eat everything on their plates. At this age, they ought to figure out how to know when they are full. Some four-year-olds may at present be fastidious eaters. Guardians can urge their youngsters to attempt new sustenance’s; however they ought not to weight eating.
  • Sit together: Serve sustenance’s at normal dinner and bite times. Youngsters who are eating or “touching” for the duration of the day may not be ravenous at eating times, when more beneficial sustenance’s will in general be accessible. When it is feast or bite time, kill the TV, and eat together at the table. This makes a quiet domain for eating.
  • Avoid sugary beverages: Another parent job is to restrict what amount handled beverages is in the house and to restrain junk food. Sugary beverages incorporate soft drink, juice drinks, lemonade, sweet tea, and sports drinks. Sugary beverages can prompt depressions and unfortunate weight gain
  • Teach social graces: At this age, kid ought to be prepared to learn fundamental social graces. By age four, the person will never again grasp the fork or spoon in his or her clench hand and have the capacity to hold them like a grown-up. With your assistance, the person in question can start learning the best possible utilization of a table blade. You can likewise show other social graces, for example, not conversing with a full mouth, utilizing a napkin, and not coming to over someone else’s plate. Your kid will watch to perceive how whatever remains of the family is acting and pursue their lead. It’s less demanding to create social graces on the off chance that you have a family custom of eating together. Make something like one supper daily a unique and wonderful family time. Have your kid set the table or help in some other route in setting up the feast.



Proper nutrition is crucial for everyone, but it is especially important for kids because it is directly connected to their overall growth and development. For a healthier life during the development of kids they need the right nutrition in the right amount.

Chronic illnesses can be avoided by including the healthy fats and high fiber food in a regular diet of children and even it can help to prevent the genetic illness within their families.

Proper Nutritional Education means a Better Quality of Life

Why teach nutrition education in your classroom? Because the benefits are too valuable, and lead to making healthier choices to improved academic performance, nutrition education can benefit the whole school.

Nutrition education should become an integral part of a normal school day for elementary aged kids and should entail discussion, education, and activities that promote an increased knowledge of nutrition and expanded healthy options at home and at school.

Benefits of nutrition education:

  • Improved physical health and academic achievement
  • Kids more interested in healthy foods at home
  • Improved standardized test scores
  • Increased funding to local schools from state and federal governments
  • Increased likelihood of children creating healthy habits at a young age
  • Decreased risk of obesity among elementary students who have participated in nutrition education
  • Improved cognitive development and the potential to decrease behavioral outbursts in an educational setting
  • Increased nutrition knowledge and self-efficacy as well as decreased BMI and waist circumference amongst elementary students
  • Parents of students who participated in a nutrition cooking intervention noted an expansion in family conversations about healthy food and an increase in how often their children helped prepare dinner.
  • As a consequence of nutrition education, there was an increase in the importance parents placed on sharing a family meal together at home
  • Schedule a weekly nutrition moment where each student researches a nutrition issue that can lead to a 15-minute discussion about that nutrition issue.
  • Use healthy and simple recipes for kids to learn how to convert fractions
  • Incorporate food growth into science classes
  • Storytime in the classroom about fruits and vegetables
  • Have students draw a picture of the fruits or vegetables they have at home and present it to their class.

Nutrition education in the classroom may successfully improve students’ health outcomes and academic performance, resulting in better-standardized test scores and subsequently increased funding from the state and federal governments to local schools. While some nutrition education interventions have had limited success, this policy provides a variety of options for teaching and incorporating nutrition education into the school curriculum as it best suits students’ educational needs and teachers’ weekly lesson plans. In conclusion, setting aside time each week for nutrition education can benefit both students and schools on multiple levels.

Stress in Early Childhood


No doubt so many people have expressed a desire to go back in their childhoods — a less burdened time when we didn’t have to work to do, pay the bills or perform all other responsibilities of being a full-fledged adult.

But we forget that childhood can be stressful. In fact, kids often suffer in silence, according to paediatrician kids struggle with moderate to extreme levels of stress. They may be pressured or in tension about everything from their academic performance to their peer relationships to their family’s finances. And that stress will have an enormous result on youngsters.

The best way to analysis if your child is stressed is by asking them directly.

Also, concentrate on their activities or any changes in your child. In parenting your stressed child, stress may be subtle. For instance, a child who used to sleep fully may now wake up in the middle of the night. In fact, decreased in academic performance is another common sign of being stressed.

In general, kids may show physical, emotional or behavioural changes in stress, some of the common ones include:

  • Headaches
  • Chest pain
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Stomach-aches
  • Fatigue
  • Anxiety
  • Social isolation
  • Withdrawal from usual activities
  • Mood swings
  • Emotional outbursts
  • Aggression
  • Trouble concentrating

Due to the busy schedule of parents also play an important role having changes in their children and lead them towards the loneliness and stressed stage.

How Parents Can Help

  • Healthy Living
  • Healthy Thinking
  • Fun, relaxation and time for friends
  • Support at home
  • Support from the school
  • Resist overscheduling
  • Make family dinners a habit
  • Get outside
  • Get a pet
  • Limit screen time
  • Get up and move

Always Remember, Stress is real. Stress is distracting. Stress is…stressful. Take note of your child’s stress levels as they fluctuate throughout the day. The more aware you are of how they are feeling, the more you can keep your anxieties from attaching themselves to your parenting. This is diligent work, this thoughtfulness, and enthusiastic control. Over the long haul, however, it merits the speculation.

Marijuana Use Tied to Serious Diabetes Complication

Cannabis, or marijuana, could be a drug derived from the cannabis plant that’s utilized for recreational utilize, therapeutic purposes and religious or spiritual rites. Cannabis plants deliver a one of a kind family of compounds called cannabinoids. From these, the main psychoactive (brain function-affecting) compound is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Cannabis contains high levels of THC, as well as other psychoactive chemicals, which deliver the ‘high’ users feel when breathing in or ingesting it. Two other compounds, tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) and cannabidiol (CBD) have been appeared to have benefits for blood sugar control and digestion system in diabetes considers.

Marijuana Use Tied to Serious Diabetes Complication (2)

Individuals with Type 1 diabetes are generally advised to keep their hemoglobin levels below 6.5 percent, but the cannabis users have average readings of 8.4 percent. This was said to represent hazardously lifted blood sugar that can increment the hazard of heart assaults, strokes, kidney disappointment, visual deficiency, removals, and death.

Individuals with type 1 diabetes who utilize marijuana may double their hazard of creating a life-threatening complication. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), the condition happens when there’s not sufficient insulin to break down sugar within the body, so the body burns fat for fuel instead. This triggers a build-up of chemicals known as ketones, which make blood more acidic and can lead to coma or death. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune malady that develops when the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the insulin-producing cells within the pancreas. Insulin is a hormone that channels the sugar from foods into the body’s cells to be utilized as fuel. Individuals with type 1 diabetes not make sufficient insulin on their own. They must take shots or utilize an insulin pump to deliver the insulin they need to their bodies.

Marijuana Use Tied to Serious Diabetes ComplicationHowever, getting the dosage right could be a difficult adjusting act. Too much insulin can cause dangerously low blood sugar levels that make individuals shaky, confused and irritable, and if not treated, can cause somebody to pass out and conceivably to die. But too small insulin can lead to high blood sugar levels. Over a long time, high blood sugar levels can cause serious complications related to diabetes, such as heart and kidney disease, vision problems and amputations. Too small insulin can moreover lead to DKA in as little as a few hours. Individuals with type 1 diabetes need to be locked in with their disease and manage insulin dosing always, even those on the pump with closed loop systems.

Probiotics are Effective in the Battle against Infectious Disease Prevention and Control

Probiotics may possibly a comparatively safe, simple, and low-cost solution for avoiding Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) in healing center settings, concurring to two studies, today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology. Both studies illustrate that treating patients who got antibiotics with multi-strain probiotics, showed lessen CDI occurrence rates over the period.

Although it’s not an ideal way out for a bacterium that has proven very challenging to prevent and treat, probiotics might offer patients another thread of defense. Researchers worked through clinical trialists commencing 12 countries that readily shared their statistical data to conduct an individual patient data meta-analysis and they illustrated that everyone should be considering probiotics as a possible approach for preventing CDI in patients.

Taking Probiotics is a habit that can really benefit the digestive system , which intricately connected to our overall health

The investigation on the synthesis of randomized controlled trials to establish whether probiotics reduced the probability of CDI in adults and children. It showed that probiotics abridged the chances of CDI by about two-thirds in both their non-adjusted and adjusted models (sex, use of multiple antibiotics, hospitalization status, adjusting for age, and exposure to high-risk antibiotics). In addition, they establish that, compared to no probiotics, multi-species probiotics were additionally beneficial than single-species probiotics.

This investigation analysed 18 suitable randomized controlled trials that incorporated patient data for 6,851 members comparing probiotics to fake treatment or no treatment and that detailed CDI as an outcome. Probiotics were exceptionally successful among participants taking two or more antibiotics and in settings where the risk of CDI was larger than five percent.

videoblocks-probiotics-fruit-stop-motion_snltx6crg_thumbnail-full14Another related study conducted, in which a single-center before-after quality development intercession was assessed, found that probiotics provided a deferred benefit in lessening CDI. All through the intercession period, there was a trend toward a minor incidence in CDI in the next six months, compared to the initial six months. The investigators speculate that the deferred benefit might be attributed to the moment necessary for environmental defilement with spores of C. difficile to be brought in the monitor.

There are increasing number of alternatives to stop or treat the often significant and damaging contaminations caused by C. difficile. Probiotics are a solitary option that is a low expense, comparatively safe, and possibly beneficial in the long-run.”

Group of researchers compared 12-month standard and intercession periods. Patients in the investigate received capsules containing a three-strain probiotic combination, which has to be taken within 12 hours of their antibiotics. The main conclusion of the investigation was the frequency of hospital-onset CDI amongst members.

Though this investigation showed the benefits of executing probiotics as a methodology alongside CDI, it also highlighted the impediments in this methodology. For example, during a real-world quality enhancement intervention, attainment of the probiotic agent to the right patients at the appropriate time was challenging and led to the incomplete utilize of the intervention. In addition, the beneficial results are not likely to equal those reported in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). It is important that intercessions are tested in standard practice settings to discover implementation challenges and to assess the replicability of results from RCTs in diverse settings.

Apple: The Original Super fruit

Apples keep the doctor away since they are one of nature’s best superfoods. There’s so much nourishment in apple fiber, antioxidants, vitamin C, phytonutrients and more! Apples are one of the most advantageous foods an individual can eat. They are high in fiber and vitamin C, and they are too low in calories, have only a follow of sodium, and no fat or cholesterol. Apples are high in polyphenols, which work as cancer prevention agents. These polyphenols are found in both the skin of the apples as well as within the meat, so to get the greatest amount of benefits, eat the skin of the apple. All of these benefits cruel that apples may moderate the impacts of asthma and Alzheimer’s infection, whereas helping with weight administration, bone wellbeing, pulmonary work, and gastrointestinal protection. Frequently called a “miracle food” and “nutritional powerhouse,” an apple a day truly may keep the doctor away.


Health benefits

  • Lower “bad” cholesterol: Procyanidins in apples (a type of flavonoid) have high antioxidant action and lower low-density lipids (LDL or “bad” cholesterol).
  • Help your heart: By decreasing cholesterol, the high polyphenol content from frequent apple consumption could also lower cardiovascular disease risk.
  • Stimulate healthy digestion: Apple polyphenols and fiber may also strengthen the microbiome in the gut.
  • Safeguard your mind: The high levels of antioxidants in apples protect against neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s and keep up brain performance.

Apples are loaded with vitamin C. Almost half of an apple’s vitamin C substance is fair beneath the skin, so it’s a great thought to eat apples with their skins. Apples contain insoluble fiber, which gives bulk within the intestinal tract. The bulk holds water that cleanses and moves nourishment rapidly through the digestive system. Regular intake of apples has been appeared to have cardiovascular benefits. This is often due to two properties of apples: the fiber that they contain and the polyphenols that are found in tall amounts. In expansion to digestion-aiding insoluble fiber, apples have solvent fiber, such as pectin. This supplement makes a difference anticipate cholesterol from building up within the lining of blood vessels, which in turn makes a difference avoid atherosclerosis and heart disease. When it comes to polyphenols and antioxidants, they work within the cell lining to diminish oxidation coming about in bringing down the chance of cardiovascular disease. Those who eat more apples have a lower hazard of stroke. Researchers credited the results to quercetin, an antioxidant in apples. There are respiratory benefits to eating apples, as well. Apples’ antioxidant benefits can offer assistance lower the chance of asthma. Eating entire apples gives filling, health-promoting fiber (up to 5 grams per apple!) and plant-based cancer prevention agents, who offer assistance support resistant work. Most are stacked sources of actually happening sugar (“apple juice concentrate”) furthermore water, making it higher in calories without keeping you fulfilled. Additionally, the preparing that removes pulp and clarifies the juice too diminishes the sum of cancer prevention agents.

Apples and cancer

The antioxidant substance of apple positions among the highest for natural products and inquire about appears that cancer prevention agents offer assistance avoid cancer. Lung cancer chance can particularly be brought down through apples’ cancer prevention agents, concurring to Flores. Individuals who routinely eat apples, onions and white grapefruit cut their lung cancer chance in half.

Health risks

Furthermore, apples are acidic, and the juice may harm tooth finish. Numerous individuals eat apples gradually, which increments the probability that acids will harm tooth finish. Snacking on acidic foods all through the day is the foremost harming, whereas eating them at supper times is much more secure. An apple a day is sweet, but taking all day to eat the apple can harm teeth. Dentists prescribe cutting up apples and chewing them with the back teeth. They moreover prescribe flushing the mouth with water to assist wash absent the corrosive and sugars.

Do humans need dairy?

The Role of Fats in Milk and Dairy Products in Nutrition and Health

We area unit witness to important shifts within the international food and nutrition atmosphere, some being terribly positive however others movement deep considerations. Hunger and malnutrition continue to issue worldwide. 870 Million People are chronically undernourished. Close to one billion folks area unit unable to satisfy their minimum energy needs and a couple of billion suffer from substance deficiencies. The large number of population is under the risk and the young children, pregnant and lactating women, the poor, the sick and the elderly are at the greatest risk.

The research predicts that the human population will increase from approximately 7 billion in 2011 to 9.5 billion in 2050. Due to the growth in population and affluence leads by 50% increment in dairy products.

The high demands of dairy and milk products can be resolved by the new innovative solution in milk production and dairy product manufacturing.

According to the research obesity rates have doubled since 1980. Weight can be managed by the regular use of dairy products.

According to the respective report, Milk and Dairy Products in Human Nutrition, milk and dairy products can be important in diversifying the diet. As they are nutrient-dense and provide high-quality protein and micronutrients in an easily absorbed form and can benefit both nutritionally vulnerable people as well as healthy people when consumed in appropriate quantities and as a part of healthy uptake pattern.

 Milk and dairy farm product may be vital sources of atomic number 20, magnesium, selenium, riboflavin, vitamin B complex, and pantothenic acid. In short, the growing consumption of dairy farm will bring vital organic process edges to massive segments of the population in developing and developed countries.

Most countries suggest a minimum of one serving of milk or milk product daily; some, up to four servings each day. Unfortunately, consumption information confirms that intakes of dairy farm foods come short of recommendations.

Dairy product area unit related to maintaining a healthy weight and smart bone health. Evidence conjointly continues to mount for associations with reduced risk of many diseases and conditions, together with pathology, hypertension, colon cancer, metabolic syndrome, and type 2-diabetes.

Good health depends on good nutrition. Good nutrition, in turn, depends on agriculture to produce the foods for a diet that meets our desires for energy and essential nutrients like macromolecule, vitamins, and minerals. To achieve this goal, stakeholders from agriculture, industry, academia, and the government will have to collaborate to identify practical, sustainable interventions to safeguard the health and well-being of our global population – now and in the future.

In many cases the precise mechanism of these protective effects is not well understood, indicating a need for further research.

Dairy, as is true with most placental product has been challenged as conferring too nice of a carbon footprint and/or overall environmental toll. All foods have a sway on environmental property, including land usage, water resource preservation, and biodiversity, erosion, and air pollution. However, for next generations, the dairy industry has operated in a way to continually reduce its impact on natural resources during producing and delivering fresh, wholesome foods.

Be that as it may, for generations, the dairy business has worked in a way to continually reduce its effect on characteristic assets while creating and conveying crisp, wholesome foods.

In fact, globally the dairy farm sector, which includes milk production, processing, and transportation, accounts for around 3 percent of all GHG emissions.

Dairy cows’ area unit extraordinarily economical at changing human-inedible material into high-quality milk and area unit internet contributors to the human food provide. Land that’s too poor or too erodible for crops may be productive with grazing ruminants.

Dietary Fat Linked To Pancreatic Cancer


A high-fat diet may advance the development of pancreatic cancer independent of obesity because of the interaction between dietary fat and cholecystokinin (CCK), a digestive hormone. In addition, blocking CCK may help anticipate the spread of pancreatic tumors to other regions of the body (metastases). CCK is released by the small digestive tract and is related to obesity. Dietary fat triggers the secretion of CCK; those who follow a diet high in immersed fats often have high levels of CCK. Past research has appeared that obesity and high-fat diets both together and independently increase the chance of pancreatic cancer. CCK too controls recovery that takes place after partial surgical removal of the pancreas. Pancreatic growth and regeneration occur through the interaction of CCK with CCK receptors, proteins that tie to CCK to produce a physiological reaction.

Identification of pancreatic cancer risk factors is of great significance since few people survive long after the determination. Pancreatic cancer is the 4th driving cause of cancer passing within the world. Impact of high unsaturated fat utilization epidemiologic literature on dietary fat intake and pancreatic cancer risk is conflicting, with a few studies finding an expanded chance of pancreatic cancer with higher total fat or saturated fat utilization and others appearing an expanded or reduced hazard of pancreatic cancer with higher particular saturated and monounsaturated fatty acid intakes. Other studies show no association with pancreatic cancer risk some studies have moreover appeared a positive affiliation for animal fat intake generally and particularly for fat from red meat and dairy. Dietary fat intake is especially challenging to study in relation to pancreatic cancer given the expanded undetectable stage of tumorigenesis and the dietary changes that can occur during this pre-diagnostic, but progressively symptomatic period. Studies that account for changes in dietary practices in the years prior to diagnosis are required to address the problem of reverse causation. The affiliation between fat intake and pancreatic cancer risk in a large, prospective cohort of men and women.

Men and women who consumed high amounts of total fats have 53% and 23% higher relative rates of pancreatic cancer, respectively, compared with men and women who had the least fat consumption. Excess body fat is one of the strongest components increasing risk for pancreatic cancer. Low-fat diet decreased the chance of pancreatic cancer among a targeted bunch of postmenopausal, obese women. Low-fat diet is especially viable in reducing pancreatic cancer hazard in overweight and obese postmenopausal women.