Category Archives: Hypertension

Yogurt consumption reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases

Hypertension affects about one billion people worldwide. Cardiovascular disease is a condition affecting the heart or blood vessels. High blood pressure is one of the major causes of cardiovascular health problems.

Various studies have demonstrated the beneficial effects of dairy consumption on cardiovascular health. Higher dairy consumption has beneficial effects on cardiovascular disease-related disorders such as hypertension, type 2  diabetes, and insulin resistance.  Among various dairy products yogurt can independently be related to cardiovascular disease risk.

A study was done with more than 1,000 volunteers having high blood pressure to see the effect of long-term yogurt consumption. Yogurt consumption was measured by questionnaires filled out by the volunteers at various intervals over the study period. With the permission to access medical records to confirm all reported new diagnoses, participants were asked to report any interim physician-diagnosed events including myocardial infarction, stroke, and revascularization.

Study found that long-term yogurt-eaters were associated with a 31% reduction in risk of myocardial infarction. It was also seen that yogurt consumption lowers systolic blood pressure. Systolic blood pressure measures the force of blood against the walls of arteries when the heart is beating.

Patients consuming more than two servings of yogurt a week had an approximately 30 % lower risks of major coronary heart disease or stroke. Higher yogurt intake lower risk of undergoing revascularization.

Higher yogurt intake along with an overall heart-healthy diet was associated with greater reductions in cardiovascular disease risk among hypertensive patients.

Hence, we can say that yogurt intake might reduce the risk of cardiovascular problems. Also yogurt consumption may benefit heart health alone or as a consistent part of a diet like fiber-rich fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Adding more yogurts in diet without increasing the number of calories may help lower the risk of high blood pressure.

Increased risk of cardiovascular death for patients having hypertension before the age of 50

Hypertension is a condition where blood pressure becomes very high and if untreated, it can cause several health conditions like heart disease, stroke, etc. and when a person is diagnosed with hypertension before the age of 50, it can have various important health consequences.

According to researchers, diagnosis of hypertension at an earlier age can lead to greater risk of cardiovascular death and can cause genetic susceptibility for the diseases.

It is known that hypertension can lead to high risk of developing cardiovascular outcomes when present in either younger or older age. Researchers studied for decades to know the possible relevance of distinguishing between the importance of hypertension that develops earlier in life and that which develops later in life. They collected blood pressure readings of multiple generations. They also tracked which individuals developed high blood pressure earlier and which developed high blood pressure later in life. They identified the patterns of earlier onset hypertension among families versus later and then compared the lifetime risks of cardiovascular disease in people with earlier onset hypertension versus later.

There are at least two types of high blood pressure, one that develops earlier in life which is most likely due to inherited trait and another that develops later in life which can possibly be due to lifestyle factors. Among the two the type, the type that develops earlier in life is most likely related to greater lifetime risk for cardiovascular disease.

This study can help both patients and provider to pay more attention to the timing of when a person’s high blood pressure develops because younger people who develop high blood pressure need to be more carefully managed by their doctors as they are at higher risk of cardiovascular death.

People who develop hypertension earlier in life rather than later can receive more aggressive and targeted therapies to control their blood pressure. These aggressive and targeted therapies could help to reduce their lifetime risk for cardiovascular disease.

Fast Food Intake Can Lead To Hypertension and Many More

The dangers of fast food are well known. Fast food is generally high in calories and low in nutrients and their intake is often larger. Some studies have also shown that a diet heavy in fast food increases the risk of developing hypertension, Type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease.

It is found that the people consuming fast food even once in a week are at risk of dying from coronary heart disease by 25% in comparison to people who avoid fast food. The risk increases by 50% for the people who consume fast food two- three times a week. And the risk increases even more for people consuming fast food more than four times each week.

Eating fast food more than two times a week can also increase the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes by 30%. Also for people taking a diet composed of high amounts of fried and processed foods and sweetened beverages are at a greater risk of developing high blood pressure. Fast food consumption leads to obesity and increase in waist size which is also responsible for developing high blood pressure.

Cheap and salty food generally consumed by people with lower income is one of the major causes of developing hypertension. The government should do something to discourage manufacturers from producing cheap, salty food and distributors from selling them as they have the most detrimental effect on health.

Life-threatening organ damage can be prevented by controlling Blood Pressure in Diabetics

Hypertension with diabetes comes with life-threatening complications. The best way to control these complications is to control blood pressure.

A study in Clinical and Experimental Hypertension conducted with around 800 diabetic patients and 1000 non-diabetic patients. This study looked at the commonness and risk factors for hypertensive emergencies and drastic increase in blood pressure in diabetic patients.

In this study it was found that both diabetics and non-diabetics with hypertensive emergencies had similar rates of severe injury to target organs. It was also observed that diabetics with hypertensive emergency also had significantly higher levels of blood pressure. From this it was concluded that the occurrence of severe damage to vital organs is not because of just diabetes but because of the accompanying severely elevated blood pressure.

According to several studies, hypertensive emergencies are associated with life-threatening damage to the brain, kidneys and heart. Around 2% of people with high blood pressure will have a hypertensive emergency during their lives and it is even more common among people with diabetes.

It is said that the risk of hypertensive emergencies in diabetic patients is significantly higher in those with cardiovascular conditions, kidney disease and anemia. Also according to a recent study, uncontrolled hypertension was associated with a 55% increased risk of cardiovascular disease in people with diabetes.

Since, it has been observed that the presence of severely elevated blood pressure is the main reason that damages the vital organs in individuals with diabetes so the most important intervention for preventing hypertensive emergencies would be to manage the blood pressure of the patient. Ways like carefully selecting interventions that will improve patients’ adherence to medications, or making strategies to overcome clinical inertia or increasing therapy when blood pressure levels are not met can potentially help in reducing the damage to target organs associated with hypertensive emergencies.

Reduce Hypertension With The Combination Of Coconut Oil and Exercise

Reduce Hypertension With The Combination Of Coconut Oil and Exercise

Coconut oil also classified as a “super food” is very useful in hypertension. Its fatty acid combination is quite unique and hence can have a very positive effects on our health including better brain function, fat loss etc.

Also we know that exercise plays a major role in controlling hypertension. So, researchers tested the effect of combination of both exercise training and daily coconut oil intake. Their research was based on whether the combination of coconut oil and exercise would restore baroreflex sensitivity and helps to reduce oxidative stress eventually reducing blood pressure or not.

For their research they used spontaneously hypertensive rats. The experiment was conducted taking four groups of rats. One group was given saline and were not exposed to the exercise training protocol, second group was given coconut oil, third group was exposed to the exercise training and fourth group was given both coconut oil and exercise training.

In the result they found that both second and third group were able to reduce weight gain compared to first group of rats that were given saline and were not exposed to the exercise training protocol. It was proved that either coconut oil supplementation or exercise training reduced blood pressure. However only the fourth group that was given combined coconut oil and exercise training was able to bring the pressure back to normotensive values.

The result hence obtained might explain the improvement of the reduced baroreflex sensitivity and by the reduction in oxidative stress in the serum, heart and aorta.

The finding of this research is very important and useful as coconut oil is being consumed for healthy lifestyle by a large population. Coconut oil has a long list of benefits and can be proved very useful for hypertensive patients.

Association between Breastfeeding in reducing Hypertension risk

11Women who breastfeed more children, and intended for the long period, are less likely to suffer from hypertension once they reach menopause. This is not true of obese women, however. Elevated blood pressure is the most prominent risk factor for disease and death. Proof from epidemiologic data has too revealed the advantageous effects of breastfeeding on the healthiness of infants and their mothers. It has been reported that long-term breastfeeding is linked with reduced children’s allergies, celiac disease, obesity, and diabetes mellitus. Though, the effects of breastfeeding on maternal health have been not much studied compared with the effects on the children.

Numerous studies reliably found that lacking breastfeeding or early discontinuation was related with increased risks of diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, metabolic disorder, coronary heart disease, and cardiovascular diseases.

On the other hand few studies have recognized a clear relationship between breastfeeding and hypertension. The study population comprised 3,119 non-smoking postmenopausal women aged 50 years or older was taken under consideration. More children breastfed and the longer period of breastfeeding was associated with minor risk of hypertension in postmenopausal women, and level of obesity and insulin resistance directed the breastfeeding-hypertension correlation. In particular, the highest quintile of number of children breastfed (5 to 11) appeared a 51% lessen risk of hypertension compared by the lowest quintile (0 to 1). The highest quintile of the duration of breastfeeding (96 to 324 months) showed a 45% lower risk of hypertension.

Even though a broad variety of chronic diseases are not linked with breastfeeding, a few common mechanisms have been anticipated to lie behind the relationships between breastfeeding and these diseases. First, maternal metabolism (e.g., fat accumulation and insulin resistance) may be “reorganize” by breastfeeding subsequent to pregnancy, which diminishes the risk of obesity-related diseases. Second, oxytocin discharge stimulated by breastfeeding may be related to the decreased risk of these diseases.

#dyslipidemia #hypertension #Womenshealth # diabetes mellitus # coronary heart disease.

HYPERTENSION- Risk for people having fat concentration at abdominal area

4It is known that obesity is a risk factor for hypertension. Studies have also shown that several health issues like heart disease and cancer is due to the location of fat on a person’s body. However the relationship between site-specific accumulation of fat and hypertension is not clear.

For this purpose heart study was done for an average of 7 years with around 1000 patients to track development of hypertension. In this study systolic blood pressure of greater than or equal to 140, diastolic blood pressure of greater than or equal to 90 were considered. Imaging of patient’s visceral fat or fat located deep in the abdominal cavity like subcutaneous fat or visible fat over the body and lower body fat were also done.

Around 30% of patients developed hypertension near the end of the study. It was observed that higher Body Mass Index(BMI) were associated with increased incidence of hypertension. When abdominal fat content, lower-body fat content and overall fat content were observed, it was found that only abdominal fat remained independently associated with hypertension. Abdominal fat and hypertension relationship did not change with gender, age or race.

Visceral fat located behind the abdominal cavity and largely around the kidneys known as retroperitoneal fat were found to be strongly related with hypertension.

It could be suggested that presence of retroperitoneal fat are influencing the development of hypertension. This study could help in the prevention and management of hypertension.

High blood pressure more likely to affect pregnant women with hypertensive disorders

hypPregnant women diagnosed with hypertensive disorders are more susceptible to high blood pressure in the first year after delivery as compared to women who did not have any pregnancy-related hypertension.

Disorders like Hypertensive disorders are very common in pregnant women. Around 10 to 12% of all pregnant women are affected with this disorder and include  hypertension, preeclampsia and eclampsia.

According to various researches it is shown that hypertensive disorders during pregnancy is associated with long-term cardiovascular disease risk but very little is known about the effect of these conditions in the early years after delivery.

A study was done to see the importance to monitor and control blood pressure not only during pregnancy, but after delivery as well.

Researchers examined the electronic health records of around 6000 women who had prenatal care and delivered a baby. Women having pre-pregnancy high blood pressure were not included in the analysis.

In the study it was found that women who had a hypertensive disorder during pregnancy were 2.5 times more likely to develop pre-hypertension or hypertension in the year after delivery and women with pre-eclampsia were 2.7 times more likely to to develop pre-hypertension or hypertension in the year after delivery than those women who maintained a normal blood pressure during their pregnancy, after controlling for differences between the groups.

It was observed that the women with pregnancy-related hypertension were be slightly younger and overweight or obese before pregnancy in comparison to women with normal blood pressure during pregnancy

So, it is advised that Women who develop hypertension, preeclampsia, or eclampsia in pregnancy must discuss about monitoring their blood pressure after delivery with their physicians

Also further research should be done to determine early blood pressure screening and to improve treatment of women with pregnancy-related hypertensive disorders so that cardiovascular disease can be prevented.

Steroid Hormone Imbalance Leading to Treatment-Resistant Hypertension

Heart2019Studies carried by Researchers of London, found that the steroid hormone ‘aldosterone’ makes salt amass in the circulation system. The salt aggregation happens even in patients on sensible eating methodologies, and pushes up pulse regardless of utilization of diuretics and other standard medications.

Two patients in the examination with already resistant hypertension could fall off all medications after a benign aldosterone-causing nodule formation in one adrenal and surgically removed after medical procedure.

Hypertension standouts amongst the most widely recognized and imperative preventable reasons for heart diseases, heart disappointment, stroke and sudden passing. It influences more than 1 billion individuals over the world and records for around 10 million possibly avoidable death for every year.

Most patients can be dealt with successfully with changes in accordance with their way of life and the utilization of consistent prescription. In any case, in upwards of 1 of every 10 patients, circulatory strain can be hard to control and is named ‘resistant hypertension’. These patients are at the most astounding danger of stroke and coronary illness in light of the fact that their circulatory strain stays uncontrolled.

There has been an awesome story of utilizing refined current techniques to tackle an old issue – why a few patients have clearly recalcitrant hypertension. The revelation of salt over-burden as the basic reason has empowered us to distinguish the hormone which drives this, and to treat or fix the greater part of the patients.

These outcomes are vital on the grounds that they will change clinical practice over the world and will help enhance the circulatory strain and results of our patients with resistant hypertension.

It is noteworthy when such a large number of advances in prescription rely upon costly advancement, that we have possessed the capacity to return to the utilization of medications created over 50 years prior and demonstrate that for this hard to-treat populace of patients, they work extremely well.

In past work, the group demonstrated that resistant hypertension is controlled much better by the medication spironolactone (a steroid blocker of aldosterone) than by drugs authorized for use in hypertension. Presently they have demonstrated that the prevalence of spironolactone is expected over its capacity to beat the salt overabundance in resistant hypertension.

They likewise found that spironolactone can be substituted, to great impact, by a medication, amiloride, which could be a possibility for patients unfit to endure spironolactone.

The examination originates from the PATHWAY-2 contemplate, some portion of a progression of concentrates intended to grow more powerful methods for treating hypertension. It explored the theory that resistant hypertension was fundamentally caused by an imperfection in taking out salt and water and that the hypertension in these patients would be best treated by extra diuretic treatment to advance salt and water discharge by the kidneys.