Anxiety disturbs approximately one-third of US adolescents, with more than 8% experiencing severe impairment in daily functioning. Anxiety and distress are usual reactions to the social, academic and developmental challenges common during the youthful years, clinical or pathological anxiety is disproportionate, persistent, and troublesome.
Currently recommended treatments for adolescent anxiety is cognitive behavioural therapy and/or antidepressant medications, which have important limitations. They are exclusive, often challenging to obtain in the case of antidepressants, can have side effects. Studies recommend that most adolescents with mental health disorders, especially anxiety disorders, do not receive any form of mental health care.
Mind-body therapies include self-regulation and positive thinking to help stimulate physical health, self-control and emotional well-being. Mind-body therapies comprise biofeedback, mindfulness, yoga, and hypnosis – provide a promising approach to the very common problem of anxiety in adolescents.
This Therapy focusing on some approaches:
- Biofeedback techniques allow individuals to increase self-awareness and physical control through feedback on biological measures. These showing significant reductions in anxiety and stress in teens receiving heart-rate variability (HRV) monitoring and video game-based biofeedback.
- Mindfulness practises include traits of body scanning, meditation and mindful breathing to comfort focus care on the present moment and separate from negative thoughts. Six studies exhibited optimistic effects of mindfulness approaches for teens with anxiety, including school-based programs in high-risk populations.
- Yoga is one of the most general mind-body therapies, with progressive physical and mental effects including reduced anxiety. “Low in cost, easy to contrivance, and available to individuals of all physical fitness levels, yoga has become an increasingly popular anxiety management.
- Hypnosis includes imagery and relaxation techniques to help control stress responses. This analysis identified three studies of hypnosis techniques to reduce stress in adolescents, including a telehypnosis intervention to reduce anxiety-related absences in high school students.
Mind-body therapies have some persistent barriers to incorporating mind-body medicine in primary care, including finances, constraints on time and administrative support.