There is a number of heart conditions that can affect children. Few children have structural differences by birth others involve the electrical system that controls the heartbeat. Pediatric cardiologists mainly treat, diagnose and manage the problems in the child. Pediatric heart problems in children include congenital heart disease and Arrhythmias. Congenital heart disease refers to heart structural variation by birth in the child which include holes between chambers of the heart, abnormal blood vessels and valve problems. Arrhythmiasis know as abnormal heart rhythms caused by the system that controls the heartbeat electrically. Pediatric cardiologists will treat pulmonary hypertension and systemic hypertension. Systemic hypertension means high blood pressure in the body. But in few regions, pulmonary hypertension is treated by pediatric pulmonologists and systemic hypertension is treated by pediatric nephrologists.
In Food industries generally, Pediatric cardiologists work closely with primary care pediatricians to provide coordinated and comprehensive care. Heart Problems can arise due to various other symptoms in the body so pediatric cardiologist will team up with health care providers. For child care, there are pediatric heart surgeons, cardiac anesthesiologists, neonatologists, cardiac pediatric intensivists, pediatric radiologists, as well as pediatric nurses, nutritionists, and speech, occupational, and physical therapists. There are various Tools to diagnose cardiac conditions in children. Based on Physical and cardiac examination. For Physical examination: Vital signs and Cardiac examination will be carried out. For Laboratory examination: Electrocardiography, Chest X-ray, Pulse oximetry, Blood counts, Echocardiography, Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI and MRA), Computed tomography, Exercise testing, Cardiac catheterization are done. Environmental and genetic conditions associated with heart disease in children also play a major role. There are various Unusual forms of congenital heart disease in children, Unique cardiac conditions in newborn infants, cardiac conditions acquired during childhood, Abnormalities of heart rate and conduction in children and Congestive heart failure in infants and children. For preventing follow the treatment and precautions given by pediatric cardiologist and have a healthy lifestyle