Category Archives: Healthcare

Do you think Immunity is Important for Decreasing spread of Diseases?


Basically Disease spreading pathogens need needs susceptible people to spread from one person to another person, where as everybody in a community can’t be more immune to be prevented from the disease spreading pathogens so if a high enough proportion of individuals in a community are immune the majority immune people will protect the few susceptible people. In this way immunity can have an impact on spread of diseases to one and another in a community and having a chance of breaking the chain of spreading diseases.

What is the importance of immunity?

Immune System, The system that is created of special cells, proteins, tissues, and organs, defends individuals against germs and microorganisms on a daily basis. In most cases, the system will do a good job of keeping individuals healthy and preventing infections. The main purpose of immune system is to safeguard your body from viruses and microorganism, this typically works well however will cause issues if your systemcause issues if your system incorrectly classifies a number of your own cells and attacks them instead. There are types of immunity so called Adaptive immunity – in these two types of immunities take place they are: Passive immunity and Active Immunity whereas immunity occurred due to passage of antibodies from one person to another is called passive immunity For an example through transfusion and Active immunity involves two types of white blood cells – T Cells & B

What Makes Protein And Health So Addictive?


Proteins aressential nutrients for the human body. Proteins stand as one of the structure blocks of body tissue, and can also assist as a fuel source. As a fuel, proteins provide as much energy as carbohydrates. Protein is an important component of every cell in the body and plays an important role in human development. Hair and nails are mostly made of protein. Your body uses protein to repair and build tissues in the body. You also use protein to make hormones, enzymes and other body chemicals. Protein is an important construction block of bones, muscles, skin, and blood.

Along with fat and carbohydrates protein is one of the macronutrients, that the body needs relatively large amounts of it. Vitamins and minerals, which are required for a human body in only small amounts, are called micronutrients.

Protein and protein supplements will continue as mainstream in fitness and healthy body which are likely appeal to older segments of gym members, as more research emerges supporting the role of higher protein intakes to counteract the age-related loss of muscle tissue, strength, and functional capacity. Research supporting the safety of higher protein intakes should be of particular interest to fitness professionals. Thus, higher protein intake not only supports body composition goals but also appears safe and vital for healthy aging.

High Protein Food: Eggs, Almonds, Chicken, Oats, Cottage Cheese, Greek Yogurt, Milk, lean beef, Tuna, Pumpkin seeds  etc; these are some of the high protein foods which helps in human development.

Is stress making you infertile?

2Stress causes barrenness, however is one reason for weight gain as well. Ordinarily stress may wreckage up our cerebrum’s reward System and may make us need progressively fat and sugar. Stress is certainly not a valid justification to get oneself a burger or chocolate or truckloads of frozen yogurt.

Too much stress may cause infertility among women. Women with high levels of stress were 29 per cent less likely to get pregnant. Meanwhile, men who work in night shifts are affected more as compared to others, as their biological clock gets disturbed. They sleep during the day and to keep themselves awake, they often smoke, which damages the system further. The stress at the workplace and sitting for long hours at work stations is also found to reduce the sperm count.

Factors contributing to stress, which causes infertility are: Unhealthy lifestyle choices such as smoking, alcohol, drugs, marital disturbance, job or business stress, personal injury or illness, death of close family member, late marriages. Women with hectic jobs are most at risk and often in denial about the stress in their lives.

In fact, consuming high-fat foods is more likely to lead to weight gain. Also, when we are stressed, we also may be more likely to drive into a fast-food place, rather than taking the time and mental energy to plan and cook a meal.

How to deal with stress

Women are often found more stressed than men. Trying to get pregnant adds more pressure on already stressed out women. But thanks to technology, we have found treatment for infertility through IVF or IUI. On the other hand, women as well as men are also trying stress management techniques to overcome this problem.

There are numerous methods for decreasing stress available today, including learning relaxation techniques such as yoga or meditation and stress management strategies, going for a vacation, deep breathing exercises, etc. Counselling sessions for couples where they can freely speak their mind also helps in overcoming the problem.

What are the various Neuromuscular diseases and it’s treatment?

NeuromuscularNeuromuscular diseases consists a wide-range of disorders damaging the peripheral nervous system, which consists of all the motor and sensory nerves from all over the body that connects the brain and spinal cord. Progressive muscle weakness is the primary condition of these disorders. Many of these disorders are curable if the treatment is given early and appropriately. In fact, further disability can be inhibited and potentially reversed. Determining the exact nature of the disease will also allow to understand all the implications of a particular disease and, if it’s hereditary, what it might mean for family and offspring.


  • Diabetic neuropathy – nerves affected by the diabetes
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig’s Disease) and different motor neuron diseases – cells that control voluntary muscle activity are damaged
  • Toxic neuropathy – pain and weakness caused by toxic substances
  • Small fiber neuropathy – affects the nerve endings of the skin
  • Autonomic neuropathies – damage to nerves that affects the heart, blood pressure, body temperature, digestion and more
  • Muscular disorders, hereditary:
  • Congenital myopathies – muscle weakness existing at birth
  • Muscular dystrophy – a group of disorders involving muscle weakness
  • Metabolic myopathies – breakdown of muscles, cramping syndromes, exercise intolerance, including mitochondrial disorders
  • Muscular disorders, acquired:
  • Inclusion body myositis – inflammatory muscle disease includes weakness and difficulty swallowing
  • Dermatomyositis – inflammatory muscle disease includes muscle weakness and skin rash
  • Polymyositis – includes muscle weakness and inflammation
  • Necrotizing myopathy – extensive muscle destruction
  • Neuromuscular junction disorders (problem at location where nerves connect with muscles):
  • Myasthenia gravis – communication problem between nerves and muscles results in muscle weakness and muscle fatigue.
  • Lambert-Eaton Syndrome – often coincides with cancer, causing muscle weakness.


                  During the process of electro diagnostics, small electrical impulses are applied to the nerves and electrical responses are recorded. This helps to determine whether there is loss of nerve fibers or a problem with the wrapping (insulation) of the nerves. A small acupuncture-size needle can also be inserted into the muscles to listen to activity of neuron and determine if there is a primary muscle disorder. Several tests can also be performed which includes repetitive stimulation method for the neuromuscular junction, autonomic nerve testing and single fiber EMG (Electromyography) for assessing transmission at the neuromuscular junction. Treatment varies widely, depending on diagnosis and other factors. Few treatments include medical therapy, including immunosuppressive drugs, pain management and assistive devices. Apheresis is a technique which takes out antibodies in the blood associated with neuromuscular disease that causes weakness and other disorders.

Dental Problems and Diabetic Patients

1Dental diseases are the most common chronic diseases worldwide, and a costly burden to health care services. An estimated billion peoples worldwide suffer from dental caries (tooth decay). Dental diseases include dental caries, exploratory defects of enamel, dental erosion and periodontal disease.

One of the current leading Dental Problem is Gum disease. ‘’Gum disease” is an infectious disease by germs present in the gums and mouth. It is one of the most usual infections in people around the world. In its more severe form known as “periodontitis” the infection is long lasting. The soft gums and bone around the teeth disband over time. This can lead to loss of teeth.

PERIODONTITIS may lead to RAISES blood sugar and causes type 2 diabetes.

People with Diabetes, especially unrestrained diabetes, have more gum disease than those without diabetes. We have known that for a long time. Now, scientists are finding that gum disease may raise blood sugar levels in people with and without diabetes.

A current research of top specialist in dental and diabetes research from all around the world, scientists looked closely at the latest research into how gum disease could affect diabetes. They found that, contrast with those with healthy gums, people with severe gum disease

  • Have higher long-term blood sugar levels.
  • Might be at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
  • May be at a greater risk of developing pregnancy (gestational) diabetes.
  • Have a long term of controlling their type 2 diabetes.
  • Are at a higher risk of experiencing harm to eyes and kidneys, as well as a heart attack and stroke if they have diabetes type 2.

How does gum disease make blood sugar levels increased?

Scientists think that some of the germs in infected gums leak into the bloodstream after normal activities such as chewing or tooth brushing. This starts a reaction from your body’s defence system, which produces some strong molecules that have harmful effects all over your body. An example is raising your blood sugar level.

Because high blood sugar levels causes destruction of blood vessels, this reduces the supply of oxygen and nourishment to the gums, making infections of the gums and bones.

Increased blood sugar levels can leads to increase levels of glucose in the saliva and this creates a breeding ground for bacteria, increasing the risk of gum disease and dental decay.

Severe gum disease can negatively affect the blood sugar control of the body and increase your chances of suffering from other common long-term complications of diabetes. The inflammation, which forms in the gums, escapes into the bloodstream and disturb the body’s defence system which in turn affects blood sugar control. In other way we can say that, gum disease and diabetes are linked in both directions.

What can we do?

  • Keep your gums healthy, whether or not you have diabetes.
  • Clean your teeth gently twice a day with a soft-bristled brush and a fluoride toothpaste.
  • Clean between your teeth with floss or interdental cleaner daily.
  • Visit your dentist frequently for checkups and cleanings.
  • Make sure you have your gums checked properly.

If you have type 2 diabetes, keeping your gums healthy could leads to control your disease. It also may help lower your risk of encountering problems, such as blindness and kidney disease, because of your diabetes. The current research on links between gum disease and diabetes shows how important it is to have healthy gums.

A healthy mouth is an essential part of good health.

Research & Innovation for Tomorrow’s Nursing and Healthcare

Banner of Nursing and Healthcare 2019The Research and Innovations of Nursing, Healthcare will be discussing on the Nursing and Healthcare 2019 Conference which is organizing by ME Conferences.

Nursing and Healthcare 2019 will explore what is needed to transform and future-proof of our systems to be sustainable, resilient, competitive, diverse, and responsible and perform in their provision of accessible, healthy and sustainable treatment for all. Furthermore, Nursing and Healthcare 2019 will gives information how research and innovation systems can be scaled-up to better contribute to the above Nursing and Healthcare priorities.

The conference is an important step towards boosting future investment in research and innovation in support of impactful on Nursing and Healthcare research breakthroughs, market-creating and open innovation, open science and multi-actor engagement, building of capacities and skills.

The International Conference is taking place on May 27-28, 2019 in Istanbul, Turkey. Abdulqadir J. Nashwan, Director of Nursing for Education and Practice Development at HMGH, will provide a key note speech as part of the first Panel Discussion – Nursing and Healthcare 2019: Nursing, Healthcare, Pediatrics, and woman’s Health. This panel will focus on the Translation of Evidence into Nursing Leadership & Management and creating smart and innovative technologies and approaches to best treatment to the patients.

Emerging Trends in Medical Tourism Industry

Med1Medical Tourism is the one of the fastest growing segments in the healthcare industry globally. The desire to visit a new place and enjoy the sights while being treated has boosted the growth of medical tourism. Treatments for cardiovascular ailments, cancer, orthopaedic procedures, dentistry, reproductive problems, cosmetic surgery, complete health screening including scans, ultrasound etc are available at very cheap rates in countries which cater to medical tourists. Some of these procedures include plastic or cosmetic procedures to improve their physical looks as well as their mental perception of themselves.

Medical tourism has turned into a $5.5 billion market annually in India as of 2018. The industry continues to grow in leaps and bounds and is continuing to surpass expectations set for sales each year. By 2020 it is estimated that India will be taking in $7-8 billion annually from medical tourists procedures performed there each year.

Top Medical Tourism Hotspots

Established Destinations Specialized Treatment Offered
Costa Rica Dentistry, Gynaecology, Plastic Surgery, Orthopaedics, Bariatrics
India Fertility, Cardiac and Oncology, Organ Transplants
Israel Bone marrow transplants, Heart Surgery, Neurological treatments
Malaysia Dental, Cardiac, Cosmetic plastic surgery
Mexico Weight loss treatment and surgery
South Korea Cardiology, Spinal Treatments
UAE Ophthalmic, Cardiac, Cancer and Orthopaedic care


As “healthcare” becomes an increasingly diversified concept, more and more diversified medical practices are popping up all around the world driving medical tourism to new heights. The most common medical procedures and common medical diagnostic tests have become almost unaffordable in the West are moving to developing countries where people can afford proper treatment with or without insurance.

Endocrine cells in the brain impact the optimization of behavior

4An individual exposed to stress can usually rapidly adapt the own behavior to the specific situation. Biochemical messenger substances in the brain play a central role in this rapid transformation process. We know that hormones additionally have a stress regulating function, but that their effects are more slowly apparent. Using a combination of optical and genetic techniques, the research team has had the capacity to show that corticotrophs, the cell populations that prompts the adrenal cortex and produce the stress hormones of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, will quickly impact avoidance behavior immediately after the onset of a stress situation. This insight could add to the development of effective treatments which will facilitate the management of acute stress induced reactions or may even have the capacity to mitigate acute stress associated conditions.

The human body is controlled by the hormonal system and the nervous system. The hypothalamus situated in the middle of the basis of the brain has a key role here providing the link between the body and the different regions of the brain similarly as directly and indirectly controlling a progression of essential physiological vegetative functions. In addition, it is the most important control organ of the human endocrine system, because it regulates when and how much of a hormone is produced. Both the hypothalamus and its production of hormone are also subject to the impacts of emotional stress. The pituitary gland is connected to the hypothalamus and together they form a single functional unit called the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis.

Hormones secreted by the hypothalamus incorporate the supposed releasing hormones, such as the corticotropin-releasing hormone. This stimulates the production of the adrenocorticotropic hormone in the pituitary gland. The adrenocorticotropic hormone is a hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary and it regulates the production of other hormones, such as the stress hormone cortisol.

It can be basically assumed that the neurotransmitters of the CNS quickly determine whether fight or flight behavior is to develop in a given situation. To date, medical science has conjectured that the stress-regulating effects of the hormones of the HPA axis come into play far more slowly. Stress researchers found it very problematic to establish the concrete role of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in the rapid adaptation of behavior in a stress situation in more detail in standard animal models. This is because the location of the pituitary gland and hypothalamus in mammals makes them difficult to access. To overcome these obstacles, the researcher decided to create an innovative optogenetic research technique. They managed to develop a hereditarily modified zebrafish larva in which they had the capacity to manipulate the activity of the HPA axis using light and subsequently observe the resultant changes to the responses of the altered cells.

The researchers introduced a synthetic enzyme into their animal model that elevates the levels of the intracellular messenger substance cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) only in the corticotropic cells of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. Their rise is important for the release of hormones in the corticotropic cells of the anterior pituitary. The levels of the resulting so-called transgenetic animal stress hormones can be increased by means of exposure to light. This means the researchers can thus observe the accompanying changes to behavior.

The recently published research results that the corticotropic cells in the pituitary become directly active on the beginning of a stress situation that is seen as distressing. These then influence locomotion and avoidance behavior as well as the sensitivity to the stimulus. The specialists translate this as proof that the corticotropic cells in the pituitary play a significant role in the rapid adaptation of behavior to local environments identified as antagonistic.

Go Natural to Lower Cholesterol & High Blood Pressure!

1Natural treatments for heart disease often aim to control cholesterol levels, lower blood pressure, and improve heart health. Generally, research on such treatments is limited, compared to conventional medical treatments.

Few natural sources have clinically proven to reduce cholesterol. There’s no evidence that alternative therapies lower the risk of heart failure. However, many people have experienced success with alternative treatments.

Types of Cholesterol:

There are two kinds of cholesterol:

  • Low-density lipoprotein (LDL), also called “bad” cholesterol
  • High-density lipoprotein (HDL), also called “good” cholesterol

 Cholesterol Levels:

Usually, normal human should have low levels of LDL and higher levels of HDL. The recommended cholesterol levels are:

  • Total cholesterol: less than 200 mg/dL
  • LDL cholesterol: less than 100 mg/dL
  • HDL cholesterol: 50 mg/dL or higher

Natural Remedies:

The ingredients in some alternative therapies can interfere with certain medications or have harmful side effects.

Few regularly used organic products which may prone to reduce cholesterol are;

  • Astragalus
  • Hawthorn
  • Flaxseed
  • Fish with omega-3 fatty acids
  • Garlic
  • Red yeast rice
  • Plant sterol and stanol supplements

 Benefits of natural remedies

  • No prescription required
  • Can be implemented along with standard treatment plan 

Drawbacks of natural remedies

  • No clinical evidence
  • Side effects may occur

 Medications for high cholesterol

A variety of medications are also available to lower high cholesterol. Usually prescribed medications are,

  • Statins such as lovaststin or atorvastatin
  • Cholestyramine
  • Injectable medications like volocumab

 Blood Pressure

Blood pressure is association of systolic and diastolic pressure. Systolic pressure represents BP, while the heart is pumping and diastolic pressure stands for BP when the heart is at rest.

High blood pressure (hypertension) occurs when the pressure on the arteries and blood vessels becomes too high and the arterial wall becomes distorted causing extra stress on the heart.

Long term hypertension increases the risk of stroke, heart attack and diabetes.

Blood pressure ranges:

  • Normal: Less than 120/80 mm Hg
  • Prehypertension: Systolic pressure between 120–129 and diastolic pressure less than 80
  • Stage 1 Hypertension: Systolic pressure between 130–139 or diastolic pressure between 80–89
  • Stage 2 Hypertension: Systolic pressure at least 140 or diastolic pressure at least 90 mm Hg

Outcomes of high blood pressure:

  • Arterial damage
  • Aneurysm
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Reduced kidney function
  • Heart failure
  • Blocked or ruptured blood vessels
  • Vision loss
  • Loss of cognitive function

Causes of high blood pressure:

  • A high-salt diet
  • Obesity
  • Emotional stress
  • Birth control pills
  • Alcohol
  • Caffeine
  • Smoking
  • Heavy-metal poisoning

Natural Ways to Lower Blood Pressure

  • Flax seeds
  • Fish oil supplement
  • Magnesium supplements
  • Potassium supplements
  • Omega-3 foods
  • Foods That Reduce Blood Pressure:
  • Dark chocolate
  • Garlic
  • Spinach
  • Sunflower Seeds
  • Bananas
  • Tomatoes
  • Broccoli
  • Melon

How to treat chemotherapy patients as a nurse

Nurse Giving Patient InjectionAs an oncology nurse helps patients while chemotherapy it will, effectively helps to fight with cancer and may have similar side effects to its IV counterparts. Nurses educate patients regarding why chemotherapy prescribes, correct dosing and administration, potential side effects, and side-effect management. They should clean their hands by washing before and after taking chemotherapy, every day taking it at the same time, and returns unused pills to the clinic for proper disposal should also include in patient education. Education starts in the clinic, and nurse’s will start the review the plan and discuss any issues with the patients.

Chemotherapy will be very expensive, which may contribute to poor adherence. So, nurses assess adherence and find cost is an issue for them they will be making referrals for resources or programs to defray costs. If patients do not qualify for assistance, nurses can facilitate patient-physician discussions regarding alternative treatment options.

Nurses experienced mixed emotions and struggled to balance their feelings with their respect for patient decisions. Patients perceived that treatment side effects and inconvenience, advanced age, pessimistic attitude, and lack of social support influenced patient decisions to discontinue treatment.

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