Category Archives: Healthcare

Research & Innovation for Tomorrow’s Nursing and Healthcare

Banner of Nursing and Healthcare 2019The Research and Innovations of Nursing, Healthcare will be discussing on the Nursing and Healthcare 2019 Conference which is organizing by ME Conferences.

Nursing and Healthcare 2019 will explore what is needed to transform and future-proof of our systems to be sustainable, resilient, competitive, diverse, and responsible and perform in their provision of accessible, healthy and sustainable treatment for all. Furthermore, Nursing and Healthcare 2019 will gives information how research and innovation systems can be scaled-up to better contribute to the above Nursing and Healthcare priorities.

The conference is an important step towards boosting future investment in research and innovation in support of impactful on Nursing and Healthcare research breakthroughs, market-creating and open innovation, open science and multi-actor engagement, building of capacities and skills.

The International Conference is taking place on May 27-28, 2019 in Istanbul, Turkey. Abdulqadir J. Nashwan, Director of Nursing for Education and Practice Development at HMGH, will provide a key note speech as part of the first Panel Discussion – Nursing and Healthcare 2019: Nursing, Healthcare, Pediatrics, and woman’s Health. This panel will focus on the Translation of Evidence into Nursing Leadership & Management and creating smart and innovative technologies and approaches to best treatment to the patients.

Emerging Trends in Medical Tourism Industry

Med1Medical Tourism is the one of the fastest growing segments in the healthcare industry globally. The desire to visit a new place and enjoy the sights while being treated has boosted the growth of medical tourism. Treatments for cardiovascular ailments, cancer, orthopaedic procedures, dentistry, reproductive problems, cosmetic surgery, complete health screening including scans, ultrasound etc are available at very cheap rates in countries which cater to medical tourists. Some of these procedures include plastic or cosmetic procedures to improve their physical looks as well as their mental perception of themselves.

Medical tourism has turned into a $5.5 billion market annually in India as of 2018. The industry continues to grow in leaps and bounds and is continuing to surpass expectations set for sales each year. By 2020 it is estimated that India will be taking in $7-8 billion annually from medical tourists procedures performed there each year.

Top Medical Tourism Hotspots

Established Destinations Specialized Treatment Offered
Costa Rica Dentistry, Gynaecology, Plastic Surgery, Orthopaedics, Bariatrics
India Fertility, Cardiac and Oncology, Organ Transplants
Israel Bone marrow transplants, Heart Surgery, Neurological treatments
Malaysia Dental, Cardiac, Cosmetic plastic surgery
Mexico Weight loss treatment and surgery
South Korea Cardiology, Spinal Treatments
UAE Ophthalmic, Cardiac, Cancer and Orthopaedic care


As “healthcare” becomes an increasingly diversified concept, more and more diversified medical practices are popping up all around the world driving medical tourism to new heights. The most common medical procedures and common medical diagnostic tests have become almost unaffordable in the West are moving to developing countries where people can afford proper treatment with or without insurance.

Endocrine cells in the brain impact the optimization of behavior

4An individual exposed to stress can usually rapidly adapt the own behavior to the specific situation. Biochemical messenger substances in the brain play a central role in this rapid transformation process. We know that hormones additionally have a stress regulating function, but that their effects are more slowly apparent. Using a combination of optical and genetic techniques, the research team has had the capacity to show that corticotrophs, the cell populations that prompts the adrenal cortex and produce the stress hormones of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, will quickly impact avoidance behavior immediately after the onset of a stress situation. This insight could add to the development of effective treatments which will facilitate the management of acute stress induced reactions or may even have the capacity to mitigate acute stress associated conditions.

The human body is controlled by the hormonal system and the nervous system. The hypothalamus situated in the middle of the basis of the brain has a key role here providing the link between the body and the different regions of the brain similarly as directly and indirectly controlling a progression of essential physiological vegetative functions. In addition, it is the most important control organ of the human endocrine system, because it regulates when and how much of a hormone is produced. Both the hypothalamus and its production of hormone are also subject to the impacts of emotional stress. The pituitary gland is connected to the hypothalamus and together they form a single functional unit called the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis.

Hormones secreted by the hypothalamus incorporate the supposed releasing hormones, such as the corticotropin-releasing hormone. This stimulates the production of the adrenocorticotropic hormone in the pituitary gland. The adrenocorticotropic hormone is a hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary and it regulates the production of other hormones, such as the stress hormone cortisol.

It can be basically assumed that the neurotransmitters of the CNS quickly determine whether fight or flight behavior is to develop in a given situation. To date, medical science has conjectured that the stress-regulating effects of the hormones of the HPA axis come into play far more slowly. Stress researchers found it very problematic to establish the concrete role of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in the rapid adaptation of behavior in a stress situation in more detail in standard animal models. This is because the location of the pituitary gland and hypothalamus in mammals makes them difficult to access. To overcome these obstacles, the researcher decided to create an innovative optogenetic research technique. They managed to develop a hereditarily modified zebrafish larva in which they had the capacity to manipulate the activity of the HPA axis using light and subsequently observe the resultant changes to the responses of the altered cells.

The researchers introduced a synthetic enzyme into their animal model that elevates the levels of the intracellular messenger substance cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) only in the corticotropic cells of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. Their rise is important for the release of hormones in the corticotropic cells of the anterior pituitary. The levels of the resulting so-called transgenetic animal stress hormones can be increased by means of exposure to light. This means the researchers can thus observe the accompanying changes to behavior.

The recently published research results that the corticotropic cells in the pituitary become directly active on the beginning of a stress situation that is seen as distressing. These then influence locomotion and avoidance behavior as well as the sensitivity to the stimulus. The specialists translate this as proof that the corticotropic cells in the pituitary play a significant role in the rapid adaptation of behavior to local environments identified as antagonistic.

Go Natural to Lower Cholesterol & High Blood Pressure!

1Natural treatments for heart disease often aim to control cholesterol levels, lower blood pressure, and improve heart health. Generally, research on such treatments is limited, compared to conventional medical treatments.

Few natural sources have clinically proven to reduce cholesterol. There’s no evidence that alternative therapies lower the risk of heart failure. However, many people have experienced success with alternative treatments.

Types of Cholesterol:

There are two kinds of cholesterol:

  • Low-density lipoprotein (LDL), also called “bad” cholesterol
  • High-density lipoprotein (HDL), also called “good” cholesterol

 Cholesterol Levels:

Usually, normal human should have low levels of LDL and higher levels of HDL. The recommended cholesterol levels are:

  • Total cholesterol: less than 200 mg/dL
  • LDL cholesterol: less than 100 mg/dL
  • HDL cholesterol: 50 mg/dL or higher

Natural Remedies:

The ingredients in some alternative therapies can interfere with certain medications or have harmful side effects.

Few regularly used organic products which may prone to reduce cholesterol are;

  • Astragalus
  • Hawthorn
  • Flaxseed
  • Fish with omega-3 fatty acids
  • Garlic
  • Red yeast rice
  • Plant sterol and stanol supplements

 Benefits of natural remedies

  • No prescription required
  • Can be implemented along with standard treatment plan 

Drawbacks of natural remedies

  • No clinical evidence
  • Side effects may occur

 Medications for high cholesterol

A variety of medications are also available to lower high cholesterol. Usually prescribed medications are,

  • Statins such as lovaststin or atorvastatin
  • Cholestyramine
  • Injectable medications like volocumab

 Blood Pressure

Blood pressure is association of systolic and diastolic pressure. Systolic pressure represents BP, while the heart is pumping and diastolic pressure stands for BP when the heart is at rest.

High blood pressure (hypertension) occurs when the pressure on the arteries and blood vessels becomes too high and the arterial wall becomes distorted causing extra stress on the heart.

Long term hypertension increases the risk of stroke, heart attack and diabetes.

Blood pressure ranges:

  • Normal: Less than 120/80 mm Hg
  • Prehypertension: Systolic pressure between 120–129 and diastolic pressure less than 80
  • Stage 1 Hypertension: Systolic pressure between 130–139 or diastolic pressure between 80–89
  • Stage 2 Hypertension: Systolic pressure at least 140 or diastolic pressure at least 90 mm Hg

Outcomes of high blood pressure:

  • Arterial damage
  • Aneurysm
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Reduced kidney function
  • Heart failure
  • Blocked or ruptured blood vessels
  • Vision loss
  • Loss of cognitive function

Causes of high blood pressure:

  • A high-salt diet
  • Obesity
  • Emotional stress
  • Birth control pills
  • Alcohol
  • Caffeine
  • Smoking
  • Heavy-metal poisoning

Natural Ways to Lower Blood Pressure

  • Flax seeds
  • Fish oil supplement
  • Magnesium supplements
  • Potassium supplements
  • Omega-3 foods
  • Foods That Reduce Blood Pressure:
  • Dark chocolate
  • Garlic
  • Spinach
  • Sunflower Seeds
  • Bananas
  • Tomatoes
  • Broccoli
  • Melon

How to treat chemotherapy patients as a nurse

Nurse Giving Patient InjectionAs an oncology nurse helps patients while chemotherapy it will, effectively helps to fight with cancer and may have similar side effects to its IV counterparts. Nurses educate patients regarding why chemotherapy prescribes, correct dosing and administration, potential side effects, and side-effect management. They should clean their hands by washing before and after taking chemotherapy, every day taking it at the same time, and returns unused pills to the clinic for proper disposal should also include in patient education. Education starts in the clinic, and nurse’s will start the review the plan and discuss any issues with the patients.

Chemotherapy will be very expensive, which may contribute to poor adherence. So, nurses assess adherence and find cost is an issue for them they will be making referrals for resources or programs to defray costs. If patients do not qualify for assistance, nurses can facilitate patient-physician discussions regarding alternative treatment options.

Nurses experienced mixed emotions and struggled to balance their feelings with their respect for patient decisions. Patients perceived that treatment side effects and inconvenience, advanced age, pessimistic attitude, and lack of social support influenced patient decisions to discontinue treatment.

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Trends in Medical Tourism

medMedical Tourism is the one of the fastest growing segments in the healthcare industry globally. The desire to visit a new place and enjoy the sights while being treated has boosted the growth of medical tourism. Treatments for cardiovascular ailments, cancer, orthopedic procedures, dentistry, reproductive problems, cosmetic surgery, complete health screening including scans, ultrasound etc are available at very cheap rates in countries which cater to medical tourists.

List of Countries Providing Affordable Healthcare

India, China and Singapore are the leaders in medical tourism segments in Asia-pacific region. Thailand and Malaysia are also providing good healthcare and many tourists clubs for medical treatments while travelling to these countries. But other countries such as South Africa, Egypt, Chile, Brazil and Ecuador regions are slowly becoming desired medical tourism countries.

Basic Medical Tourism Terminology

  • Health Tourism
  • Medical Journeys
  • Global Healthcare
  • Medical Tourism
  • Digital Tourism
  • Patient care Tourism

Benefits of medical tourism

  • High savings
  • High quality treatment
  • Travel opportunity
  • World class facilities
  • Access to latest technology
  • Trends to innovative procedures


Medical tourism has ease and comfort ability and also to meet the technology and standards of many countries. It also provides an alternative for millions of people to receive affordable and accessible medical services from developing countries.

Binge drinking in adolescence may increase risk for anxiety later in life

2A growing body of evidence supports the idea that alcohol exposure early in life has lasting effects on the brain and increases the risk of psychological problems in adulthood. Presently, specialists have discovered that juvenile hitting the bottle hard, regardless of whether stopped, expands the hazard for nervousness sometime down the road because of anomalous epigenetic programming. The discoveries of the investigation, which was led in creatures.

Hitting the bottle hard right off the bat in life alters the mind and changes availability in the brain, particularly in the amygdala, which is associated with passionate guideline and nervousness. However, what we can be sure of is that epigenetic changes are enduring and increment vulnerability to mental issues further down the road, regardless of whether drinking that occurred right off the bat in life is halted.

Epigenetics alludes to concoction changes to DNA, RNA, or explicit proteins related with chromosomes that change the movement of qualities without changing the qualities themselves. Epigenetic adjustments are required for the typical improvement of the cerebrum, yet they can be altered in light of ecological or even social variables, for example, liquor and stress. These sorts of epigenetic modifications have been connected to changes in conduct and illness.

Pre-adult rodents were presented to ethanol (a sort of liquor) for two days on and two days off or to a similar convention utilizing saline for 14 days. All rodents experienced an evaluation for uneasiness. Pandey and his associates presented juvenile rodents to a routine intended to emulate hitting the bottle hard. Those rodents showed on edge conduct sometime down the road, regardless of whether the hitting the bottle hard routine halted in late youthfulness and the rodents were permitted to develop to adulthood with no further introduction to liquor.

These rodents additionally had lower dimensions of a protein called Arc in the amygdala. Circular segment is vital for the typical improvement of synaptic associations in the cerebrum. Rodents with less Arc likewise had about 40% less neuronal associations in the amygdala contrasted with rodents that weren’t uncovered with liquor.

We trust that the diminishing in Arc levels is brought about by epigenetic changes that modify the outflow of Arc and an enhancer RNA, which adjusts the statement of Arc. These progressions are brought about by juvenile liquor presentation.

Introduction to liquor causes epigenetic reinventing to happen, prompting atomic changes in the amygdala, which are dependable, even without more liquor.

In the event that the amygdala has deficiencies in its wiring or availability, and these adjustments are dependable, the individual is in danger for mental issues dependent on troubles in directing feelings, for example, nervousness or melancholy and the advancement of liquor use issue further down the road.

Alzheimer’s the diabetes of the Brain

'12That linkage is winding up always clear, comparing individuals and diabetes, prediabetes and normal glucose finds that diabetes, left untreated, could mean a higher probability of creating dementia, including Alzheimer’s sickness. This puts high glucose in the heavenly body with hereditary qualities as a rule driver of neurodegenerative ailment. Those patients with untreated diabetes created indications of Alzheimer’s disease 1.6 times quicker than individuals who did not have diabetes. These discoveries underline the significance of catching diabetes or other metabolic disorders in grown-ups as ahead of schedule as would be prudent.

Among individuals with diabetes, the distinction in their rate of building up the indications of dementia and Alzheimer’s is plainly attached in some way or another to whether they are taking drugs for it. The movement of the brain tangles that are the sign of Alzheimer’s ailment. At the point when the tangles join with sticky beta-amyloid plaques a dangerous protein they disturb signals between brain cells, impeding memory and different functions.

The movement of the brain tangles that are the sign of Alzheimer’s ailment. At the point when the tangles join with sticky beta-amyloid plaques a dangerous protein they disturb signals between brain cells, impeding memory and different functions.

Another examination finds that individuals with Alzheimer’s disease who additionally took antidiabetic medicine showed less sub-atomic biomarkers of the neurological condition. These discoveries could illuminate future Alzheimer’s medications. Additionally, most of the progressions in atomic RNA markers present in Alzheimer’s Disease, incorporating abnormalities in gene expression, were not found in the Alzheimer’s group that took antidiabetic prescription.

The consequences of this examination are critical on the grounds that they give us new bits of knowledge for the treatment of Alzheimer’s infection. Most current Alzheimer’s medications target amyloid plaques and haven’t prevailing in viably treating the sickness.

Insulin and diabetes medications such as metformin are approved by Food and Drug Administration and safely administered to millions of people and appear to have a beneficial effect on people with Alzheimer’s.

Don’t miss the important guidelines to check fever in infants

11Guardians may stress when they see that a child has a fever, in spite of the fact that fever is an indication of a sound invulnerable framework. Infants, nonetheless, have progressively vulnerable bodies and a fever can flag a genuine disease.

In this blog, we take a look at the reasons for a fever in children, what it implies, and when to see a specialist. We likewise talk about how to think about a child with a fever.

A child with a fever may not be sick, as children are less ready to manage their body temperature.

When taking a child’s temperature, individuals can utilize a rectal thermometer for the most precise outcomes.

Fever in a infants relies upon the strategy for taking the temperature:

  • above 100.4°F utilizing a rectal thermometer
  • above 100°F utilizing an oral thermometer (not exact in babies)
  • above 99°F utilizing an armpit thermometer

Fever does not really flag a genuine sickness. On the off chance that the infant’s conduct is ordinary, they are probably going to be OK. Notwithstanding, if an infant under 3 months of age has a fever higher than 100.4°F when taken rectally, a parental figure should call a specialist.

The seriousness of a fever does not constantly correspond with how wiped out the youngster is.

Children’s body temperatures can ascend for some reasons other than disease, including broadened crying, sitting in the hot sun, or investing energy playing. Their temperature may likewise rise a little when they are getting teeth. None of these things causes a fever.

The ordinary temperature for children relies upon their age:

  • For newborn children of 0– 2 years, typical reaches are 97.9– 100.4°F when taken rectally
  • For babies, the normal body temperature is 99.5°F

The ordinary body temperature ranges contrast for grown-ups, kids, and children.

A child’s body is less ready to manage temperature than an adult’s, which means it very well may be progressively troublesome for them to chill off amid a fever. Their bodies are normally hotter than a grown-up’s body since they are all the more metabolically dynamic, which creates heat.

What Macmillan Nurses Will Do??

12Macmillan nurses support cancer patients and their families physically and psychologically, ensuring that each person achieves the highest quality of life to live from the time they are diagnosed, through treatment, whatever the outcome will be.

As clinical experts in nursing practices, they may specialise in caring for a particular group of people, such as children; a particular type of cancer, such as breast cancer; the type of problem; such as lymphoedema; or type of care, such as palliative care.

Nurse’s Whoever working in hospitals and in the community, they provide emotional and psychological support and expert information and advice on managing symptoms, pain control, cancer treatments and side effects from the medication, as well as offering assistance and suggesting with financial matters.

Macmillan nurses do not provide hands-on care. Instead, their role is to assess an individual’s psychological and physical needs, and the needs of their families, and then coordinate a team of people to provide that care. As more people are diagnosed with cancer, and many are living longer with the diseases, cancer is becoming a far more complex illness in these days.

Macmillan knows that clinical nurse specialists are a key part of multi-disciplinary teams, providing technical expertise and practical support, and facilitating communication between care settings and professionals. Research shows that having access to one of these cancer nurses is a key factor in positive outcomes.