Category Archives: Healthcare

Life-threatening organ damage can be prevented by controlling Blood Pressure in Diabetics

Hypertension with diabetes comes with life-threatening complications. The best way to control these complications is to control blood pressure.

A study in Clinical and Experimental Hypertension conducted with around 800 diabetic patients and 1000 non-diabetic patients. This study looked at the commonness and risk factors for hypertensive emergencies and drastic increase in blood pressure in diabetic patients.

In this study it was found that both diabetics and non-diabetics with hypertensive emergencies had similar rates of severe injury to target organs. It was also observed that diabetics with hypertensive emergency also had significantly higher levels of blood pressure. From this it was concluded that the occurrence of severe damage to vital organs is not because of just diabetes but because of the accompanying severely elevated blood pressure.

According to several studies, hypertensive emergencies are associated with life-threatening damage to the brain, kidneys and heart. Around 2% of people with high blood pressure will have a hypertensive emergency during their lives and it is even more common among people with diabetes.

It is said that the risk of hypertensive emergencies in diabetic patients is significantly higher in those with cardiovascular conditions, kidney disease and anemia. Also according to a recent study, uncontrolled hypertension was associated with a 55% increased risk of cardiovascular disease in people with diabetes.

Since, it has been observed that the presence of severely elevated blood pressure is the main reason that damages the vital organs in individuals with diabetes so the most important intervention for preventing hypertensive emergencies would be to manage the blood pressure of the patient. Ways like carefully selecting interventions that will improve patients’ adherence to medications, or making strategies to overcome clinical inertia or increasing therapy when blood pressure levels are not met can potentially help in reducing the damage to target organs associated with hypertensive emergencies.

Improving Pediatric Asthma Care Is Possible

Asthma is a condition in which the airways narrow and inflame and produce extra mucus. Not all children have the same asthma symptoms, and these symptoms can vary from one episode to another in the same child. According to a new study, it is clear that improved and personalized assessments for hospitalized patients can improve the accuracy of prescribed therapy for asthma a child receives. Asthma kills approximately 4000 people annually, including several hundred children.

Asthma can be caused by many factors, including

  • Allergens – pollen, animals.
  • Irritants – cigarette, air pollution.
  • Climate – cold air, changes in climate
  • Exercise
  • Infections – flu, common cold

 The study showed that the quality of asthma care improved after doctors were equipped with simplified patient care decision-making tools, an electronic medical record system and access to a mobile phone application to guide personalized attention to each patient. People with asthma persistently suffer from inflammation of the airways and constriction due to various irritants. The irritants that inflame the lungs are called triggers. The triggers of asthma include: pollen, viruses, cigarette smoke, dust mites, pollution, cockroaches, exercise, mold, pet dander, among many others.

 Some children with asthma have a mild illness and need a rescue inhaler every now and then. However, children with persistent asthma need to use a daily asthma control medication, such as an inhaled corticosteroid, to prevent asthma attacks.

Inhaled corticosteroids taken every day decrease the chronic inflammation found in asthma. It has been proven that these medications reduce the frequency and severity of asthma exacerbations.

Marijuana Use Tied to Serious Diabetes Complication

Cannabis, or marijuana, could be a drug derived from the cannabis plant that’s utilized for recreational utilize, therapeutic purposes and religious or spiritual rites. Cannabis plants deliver a one of a kind family of compounds called cannabinoids. From these, the main psychoactive (brain function-affecting) compound is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Cannabis contains high levels of THC, as well as other psychoactive chemicals, which deliver the ‘high’ users feel when breathing in or ingesting it. Two other compounds, tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) and cannabidiol (CBD) have been appeared to have benefits for blood sugar control and digestion system in diabetes considers.

Marijuana Use Tied to Serious Diabetes Complication (2)

Individuals with Type 1 diabetes are generally advised to keep their hemoglobin levels below 6.5 percent, but the cannabis users have average readings of 8.4 percent. This was said to represent hazardously lifted blood sugar that can increment the hazard of heart assaults, strokes, kidney disappointment, visual deficiency, removals, and death.

Individuals with type 1 diabetes who utilize marijuana may double their hazard of creating a life-threatening complication. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), the condition happens when there’s not sufficient insulin to break down sugar within the body, so the body burns fat for fuel instead. This triggers a build-up of chemicals known as ketones, which make blood more acidic and can lead to coma or death. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune malady that develops when the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the insulin-producing cells within the pancreas. Insulin is a hormone that channels the sugar from foods into the body’s cells to be utilized as fuel. Individuals with type 1 diabetes not make sufficient insulin on their own. They must take shots or utilize an insulin pump to deliver the insulin they need to their bodies.

Marijuana Use Tied to Serious Diabetes ComplicationHowever, getting the dosage right could be a difficult adjusting act. Too much insulin can cause dangerously low blood sugar levels that make individuals shaky, confused and irritable, and if not treated, can cause somebody to pass out and conceivably to die. But too small insulin can lead to high blood sugar levels. Over a long time, high blood sugar levels can cause serious complications related to diabetes, such as heart and kidney disease, vision problems and amputations. Too small insulin can moreover lead to DKA in as little as a few hours. Individuals with type 1 diabetes need to be locked in with their disease and manage insulin dosing always, even those on the pump with closed loop systems.

Congenital causes of infertility in females

The cause of infertility may be difficult to decide but may incorporate lacking levels of certain hormones in both men and women, and inconvenience with ovulation in women. The fundamental side effect is a failure to induce pregnantly. In numerous cases, there are no additional side effects.

A few changes to chromosomes or gene mutation changes cause irregular sperm generation or blockages to sperm stream that lead to male infertility. The foremost common hereditary causes of infertility are chromosomal conditions that influence sperm generation. Hereditary or acquired chromosomal abnormalities causes or induces chromosomal abandons caused by too few or as well numerous chromosomes, or issues within the structure of the chromosomes, such as Down syndrome/disorder and an additional duplicate of chromosome 21 and sex chromosome variations from the norm and the single quality defects – a change in one quality causes the deformity.

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Chromosomally unusual embryos have a low rate of implantation within the mother’s uterus, frequently driving to unsuccessful labors. In the event that an unusual fetus does embed, the pregnancy may still result in premature delivery or the birth of a child with physical issues, developmental delay, or mental hindrance.

Several types of chromosomal impediments:

  • A misplaced piece of a chromosome (deletion)
  • An upside-down chromosome (inversion)
  • A alter within the gene’s DNA arrangement (mutation)
  • Too numerous or as well few chromosomes (aneuploidy)
  • Chromosome pieces attached to the wrong chromosome (translocation)

 Translocation is the foremost common of these. In spite of the fact that a parent who carries a translocation is regularly ordinary, his or her developing life may get as well much or as well small hereditary material, and an unsuccessful labor frequently results. Couples with particular chromosome absconds may advantage from the pre-implantation hereditary conclusion (PGD) in conjunction with in vitro fertilization (IVF). Down disorder is as a rule related to advanced maternal age and may be a common illustration of aneuploidy. Down syndrome is caused by having an additional number-21 chromosome (three rather than two). It is additionally alluded to as trisomy 21.

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Acquired hereditary diseases:

Acquired hereditary infection due to irregular qualities or transformations. Chromosome investigation of the parents’ blood distinguishes such an acquired hereditary cause in less than 5 percent of couples.

Single-gene anomalies are transformations caused by changes within the DNA arrangement of a quality, which deliver proteins that permit cells to work appropriately. Quality of gene alters the functioning of cells due to a need of a protein. Single-gene disarranges as a rule show a family history of a particular hereditary infection such as cystic fibrosis (CF) – a hopeless and lethal infection influencing the mucous organs of crucial organs – and Tay Sachs, moreover a lethal clutter, in which destructive amounts of a greasy substance construct up in tissues and nerve cells within the brain.

Death in HIV+ immunosuppressed adults: Thorough screening is correspondent to defensive treatment

The STATIS trial has compared two pioneering techniques premeditated to lower mortality in severely immunosuppressed HIV-infected adults. Facilitated by two Scientist, the test is being conducted in Cambodia, Côte d’Ivoire, Uganda, and Vietnam.

3 (1)In spite of improved access to HIV screening and antiretroviral treatment, a lot of HIV-infected people still go through healthcare systems very late, by which stage severe immunosuppression complicates managing. Death is high in these patients, particularly because of tuberculosis, the primary cause of mortality in the HIV-infected population. Patients who instigate antiretroviral therapy late are now offered simple tuberculosis screening.

The STATIS assessment has premeditated the effects of intensive, efficient, and incessant screening for tuberculosis compared with the systematic use of antituberculosis treatment on death in the patients.

The investigation analyzed statistics from 1047 adult patients who had under no circumstances received antiretroviral therapy and whose CD4+ cell count was down (<100/mm3) at incorporation. At the commencement of antiretroviral therapy, these patients were randomized between two arms. In the first arm, the patients experienced tuberculosis screening comprising an Xpert MTB/RIF examination and a urine lipoarabinomannan measure. Only patients who showed positive were then given antituberculosis drugs. The tests could be repeated all through follow-up, depending on indications. In the second arm, every single patient received systematic antituberculosis therapy. The triumph rates of these two techniques, as a part of the number of deaths or of intrusive bacterial diseases during the initial 24 weeks of follow-up, were elevated than that earlier reported in the literature for basic tuberculosis screening. There was no considerable difference between the two strategies.

ANRS STATIS, as a result, showed that systematic instigation of antituberculosis cure is no greater than severe tuberculosis screening in diminishing mortality in severely immunosuppressed HIV-infected adults while they enter the healthcare system. The investigation is still progressing and the latest examinations will be performed for all patients after 48 weeks of follow-up. The two techniques compared in this investigation are exceptionally suited to resource-limited settings.

Want to shed Weight? Eat Ghee..!!

Desi ghee, the one made from cow’s milk, is packed with essential nutrients that are so useful for the mind as well as body. If anyone is trying to slim down or get rid of the obstinate belly fat, you should include ghee in your daily diet and fire up their weight loss journey.

Do agree that ghee, the Indian version of clarified butter or Desi Ghee, is unhealthy and fattening? Though many people consider that ghee causes weight gain, health experts say the opposite. Actually, homemade and pure ghee or simply desi ghee, especially the one obtained from cow’s milk is packed with crucial nutrients that are so worthy for both mind and the body. Even modern science now agrees about the Ayurveda’s claims of cooking benefits and health of ghee.

Ghee is a vulnerable source of healthy fatty acids and fat-soluble vitamins, which helps in weight loss. Ghee is also enriched with essential amino acids, which assist in assembling the fat and making the fat cells to deflate in size which can later on be burnt for energy. Ghee is also a good source of memory-boosting omega-3-fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) as well as omega-6 fatty acid interconnected linolenic acid (CLA). Studies have shown that omega-6 fatty acids helps to attain lean body mass and reduce fat mass, which in turn, helps in weight loss and weight management. Similarly, omega-3s may also help in losing inches and shedding body fat.

“The butyric acid along with combination with vitamins A, D, E, and K found in ghee aids in boosting immunity, keeps your hair and skin healthy, promotes gut health, lubricates joints and strengthens our bones,” says Loveneet Batra, nutritionist, Fortis Lafemme, New Delhi.

Apart from helping you lose weight, ghee also improves digestion and prevents inflammation. It can also protect us from cancer when consumed daily. It revitalize every cell functioning and helps looks after the overall health.

But remember over-consumption of ghee can cause some problems, keep in mind that it has high amount of saturated fats. It is advised to take not more than two to three teaspoons of ghee to lose weight and make sure you eat a healthy diet and indulge in daily exercises to burn belly fat and lose weight.

Changing Nursing Future: Challenges, Innovation and Management in Nursing

Nurses are ‘the most confided in social insurance experts.’ They are with patients all through the continuum of life. Nurses are the instructor, advocates, parental figures, basic scholars, and trailblazers. They do as such substantially more than consideration for individuals. Their nearness day in and day out has changed lives. Nursing is a decent calling, and medical attendants are the essence of the medicinal services framework. When you settle on a specialization, you’ll have to look into the individual necessities.

Nurses are on the cutting edges of managing and accessing your treatment. In case you’re a patient, Nurses are your most prominent promoter. Since they invest more energy with you, medical caretakers can thoroughly direct your advancement. They realize what indications may be a warning and can survey the viability of treatment. They at that point convey the majority of this to your specialist. Keeping this open discourse is only one of the incalculable things medical caretakers do to guarantee the nature of your consideration.

There are So many types of Nursing professionals who serves for the betterment in healthcare Section:

Advanced Practice Registered Nursing: Propelled care nurture authorities with a Master of Science in Nursing, including the fields of medical caretaker professionals, clinical attendant experts, nurture anesthetists, and medical attendant maternity specialists. based basic leadership.

Ambulatory Care Nursing: Fixated on the quick and centered appraisal of basic patients; medical caretaker, family and patient connections, and making an interpretation of nursing care into sensible exercises for parental figures.

Bariatrics Nurse: Bariatric medical attendants are engaged with the treatment of heftiness. Clinics, managers, bariatric specialists, medical attendants and particularly patients advantage from having confirmed bariatric nurture on staff.

Camp Nursing: On the off chance that you are searching for a change from an ordinary nursing schedule, you ought to think about functioning as a medical attendant at a camp or a withdraw. You will treat everything from bug nibbles to colds.

Cardiac Care Nursing: Work particularly with patients who have cardiovascular conditions, for example, heart assault and heart failure patients. Help them to get making a course for recuperation.

Clinical Nurse Specialist: This exceptionally particular attendant regulates care of a particular arrangement of patients, for example, in a particular healing center office, and also the medicinal staff who work there.

Community Health Nursing: This is a medical attendant who works particularly to support network and the general well being. You may work particularly with individuals in a specific network to enhance well being results.

Dermatology Nursing: A strength of nursing where you work just with individuals who have different infirmities and scatters of the skin. You will regularly work in a dermatologist’s office.

Emergency Nursing: In this nursing claim to fame, you will work for the most part in high weight circumstances with basically sick and unsteady patients in crisis rooms and other basic consideration offices.

Family Nurse Practitioner: An enlisted attendant who works under the supervision of a doctor. This sort of NP works particularly in family hone. A few NPs in a few states can rehearse autonomously.

Forensic Nursing: These medical caretakers work with casualties of viciousness and the individuals who submit it. You will work intimately with the legitimate framework in gathering legal proof in these cases.

Gynecology/Obstetric Nursing: A forte of nursing that works just with female patients and conceptive wellbeing. You additionally will think about pregnant ladies and keep them healthy for conveyance.

Holistic Nursing: Comprehensive nursing centers around treatment of the whole patient – both their psychological and physical prosperity to upgrade well being.

Informatics Nursing: Your activity is interpret nursing practice data among medical caretakers and frameworks architects, examiners, or creators utilizing object-situated models or different strategies.

Nurse Anesthetist: This is a nurse who spends significant time in the organization of anesthesia. These medical attendants must be Board Certified in Anesthesia.

Nurse Midwife: Nurse Midwife are who give guiding and care amid pre-origination, pregnancy, labor and the baby blues period.

Nursing Advocacy: They enable patients to comprehend their analysis and settle on the best choices about their well being. They go about as a contact among specialists and patients.

Nurse Researcher: These researchers configuration thinks about, investigate information, and report their outcomes for use in enhancement of the field of nursing.

Pediatric Nurse: These nurses have some expertise in pediatrics and give their insight and abilities to thinking about kids from early stages through the late high school er years.

Surgical Nursing: Surgical Nurse work in a careful domain, for example, an OR, giving consideration to careful patients previously, amid, and after medical procedure.

Eating Disorder

EatingIf you are obsessed over food, body weight and shape, there might be a chance of having Eating Disorder. People often think that eating disorders are a lifestyle choice. But they are actually serious and often fatal mental illness and are an important cause of physical and psychosocial morbidity in an individual. According to various studies on eating disorders, the results found that the frequency of occurrence is much less in men as compared to adolescent girls and young adult women and a large proportion of eating disorder patients were exercising excessively during an acute phase of the disorder.

Types of Eating Disorders

They are divided into three diagnostic categories: Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, and Binge-eating disorder.

  • Anorexia Nervosa, characterized by inadequate intake of food. In this condition, people may have unrealistic perception of overweight, even when they are dangerously underweight and thus, they severely restrict the amount of food they eat, and eat very small quantities of only certain foods. It can lead to damaging health effects, such as loss of bones and skin integrity, increases the risk of heart attacks and related heart problems, brain damage, multi-organ failure, and infertility. The mortality rate is highest in this disease as compared to other mental disorders, either due to complications associated with starvation or the patient commits suicide.
  • Bulimia Nervosa, characterized by an excessive intake of food followed by compensatory behaviors for the overeating such as forced vomiting, excessive use of laxatives or diuretics, fasting, excessive exercise, or a combination of these behaviors. Although people usually maintain their relatively normal and healthy weight, but the irregular food behaviors can have injuring effects, such as chronically inflamed and sore throat, severe gastrointestinal problems, severe dehydration, and various heart difficulties resulting from an electrolyte imbalance.
  • Atypical eating disorders: There are many other types of eating disorders including Binge-eating Disorder (lack of control on eating), other specified feeding or eating disorder (OSFED), Diabulimia, etc.

Cause of Eating Disorder

Although the cause of eating disorders is not clear but it seems like combination of biological, psychological, and environmental factors plays an important role in the development of these illnesses.

  • A high proportion of individuals diagnosed with body dysmorphic disorder (way the person sees themselves) also had some type of eating disorder.
  • Biological conditions such as hormone irregularities and nutrition deficiencies can also lead to eating disorders.
  • The environmental factors include Dysfunctional family dynamic, aesthetically oriented sports, Professions and careers, childhood traumas and other stressful transitions.

Treatment for an Eating Disorder

People often ignore such conditions which then results in severe adverse effects. Because of severity and complexities of these conditions, it has become necessary to establish a comprehensive and professional treatment. Addressed with medical doctors, nutritionists, and therapists for complete care, the treatment includes:

  • Individual, group, and/or family psychotherapy
  • Medical care and monitoring
  • Nutritional counselling
  • Medications

Genetic regulation of metabolomic biomarkers: Paths to cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes

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The research has revealed eleven new genetic regions associated with the blood levels of the metabolites, including new loci affecting well-established risk markers for cardiovascular disease and potential biomarkers for type 2 diabetes.

In a study to the genetic variance of human metabolism, specialists have identified thirty one regions of the genome that were related with levels of circulating metabolites, i.e., small molecules that take part in different chemical reactions of human body. Many of the studied metabolites are biomarkers for cardiovascular disease or related disorders, accordingly the loci uncovered may provide valuable insight into the biological processes leading to common diseases.

Lab tests used in the clinic typically monitor one or few circulating metabolites. The researchers used a high throughput method called nuclear magnetic resonance that can measure more than hundred different metabolites in one assay. This provides a considerably more in-depth picture of circulating metabolic compounds.

The group assayed 117 detailed metabolic markers, including amino acids, lipids and lipoprotein subclasses, and conducted the largest genome-wide association analysis of this type, in terms of study sample size of 8330 individuals and 7.7 million genomic markers studied. They revealed, in total, 31 genetic regions related with the blood levels of the metabolites.

Among the discoveries were two new loci influencing serum cholesterol subclass measures, well-established risk markers for cardiovascular disease, and five new loci affecting levels of amino acids recently discovered to be potential biomarkers for type 2 diabetes. The found variants have significant effects on the metabolite levels, the effect sizes being in general considerably larger than the known common variants for complex disease have.

Additionally, using twin pair samples, the scientists indicated that the metabolite levels show a high degree of heritability. This result suggests that the studied metabolites are describing better the underlying biology than the routinely used lab tests. In this way, the examination provides further support for the use of detailed data on multitude of metabolites in genetic studies to provide novel biological insights and to help in elucidating the processes leading to common diseases.

World Cerebral Palsy Day 2018: How is cerebral palsy different from autism?

World Cerebral Palsy Day 2018The word “cerebral” means that it has to do with the brain. The word “paralysis” means weakness or problems with the movement of the body. Cerebral palsy refers to a group of disorders that affect muscle movement and coordination in child. In many cases vision, hearing and sensation are also affected by these diseases. It is the most common motor disability in childhood and according to estimates, approximately 1 in 323 children have been identified with CP.

Signs and symptoms of cerebral palsy:

Baby 3 to 6 months of age:

  • The head falls backwards when it is lifted lying on its back
  • Feels rigid
  • Feeling floppy
  • It seems to extend too far back in the back and neck when cradled in someone’s arms
  • Legs stiffen and cross or scissors when they get up
  • Variations in muscle tone, such as being too loose or too stiff

Baby older than 6 months of age:

  • Does not turn in any direction
  • You cannot put your hands together
  • Has difficulty putting his hands to his mouth
  • It extends with one hand while holding the other fist.

Baby older than 10 months of age:

  • Creeps in a twisted way, pushing with one hand and leg while dragging opposite hand and leg
  • It moves on the buttocks or jumps on the knees, but does not crawl on four legs

Different types of cerebral palsy:

Spastic cerebral palsy: this is the most common type of disorder, affecting about 76.9% of all people with CP. Many people with spastic CP have gait abnormalities.

Cerebral dyskinetic paralysis: also known as dystonic and athetoid, is the second most common form of cerebral palsy, although it only affects about 2.6% of all cases of the disorder. People with this type of PC have problems controlling their body movements.

Hypotonic cerebral palsy: this disorder causes a decrease in muscle tone and excessively relaxed muscles. People with this type of PC also have difficulty speaking, poor reflexes and walking abnormalities.

How is cerebral palsy different from autism?

Cerebral palsy affects mainly the motor functioning of a child, while autism affects the normal development of the brain in areas such as social interaction, problem solving and communication. Autism covers a broad spectrum, from extremely mild symptoms to severe symptoms that can seriously affect daily life.