Category Archives: Food

2nd International Conference on Nutrition, Food Science and Technology

Food and Nutrition Research builds the integral relationship between the food and a nutritional benefit which brings together outstanding and comprehensive reviews that highlight the circumstances for a healthy living.  The Latest technologies to enhance various healthy diet control, weight loss for physical fitness. It is one of the largest innovative platforms for dieticians, Food labelling specialists, Clinical nutritionists in all fields of medicine.

Broadly distinguished Keynote Speakers are:

  • Ozlem Tokusoglu, Celal Bayar University; Turkey
  • Thierry Regnier, Tshwane University of technology, South Africa
  • Wojciech Piekoszewski, Jagiellonian University, Poland

Eminent speakers at the event are:

  • Alessio Cappelli, University of Florence, Italy
  • Anu Aggarwal, Anu Aggarwal Foundation, India
  • Mohammad Kamil, Health Authority, UAE
  • Ghazala Riaz, University of Delhi, India
  • Satya Sree Nannapaneni, Vignan’s Foundation for Science, Technology & Research, India
  • Lara Hanna Wakim, Holy Spirit University of Kaslik, Lebanon
  • Shameema Vattamkandathil, Escaso Smart Wellness Private Limited, India
  • Prakash Kondekar, Royal Society of Health, UK

For more information and program details related to Food Technology Congress 2019, please click here

Microbiological Food Safety

Recent scientific advances have created the chance for new insight into microbiological food safety issues. With recent technological breakthroughs and new research, we are able to currently create food safety management systems that use science to assess risk and focus it in a versatile and effective manner. Knowing that amendment is inevitable, one ought to look ahead to identify new and emerging problems as they arise and be prepared to respond it in an effective and controlled manner.

Pathogens evolve; people’s behavior and psychology change, and production and processing developments modify the microbial surroundings. The expectation is to “solve” the problem of microbiological food safety to the point of having a zero-risk to food supply. On the other hand, due to technological development, we’ve got the chance to predict and address problems before they become pervasive.

The worst Pathogens as per Center for Disease Control and Prevention estimates Norwalk-like viruses cause roughly 9.2 million cases of illness annually. However, of the estimated 9.2 million cases, only 124 individuals die, a fatality rate of 0.001%. On the other hand, Vibrio vulnificus causes a mere 47 cases annually; however, nearly 40 are fatal. When developing food safety management policies, we tend to struggle to balance the incidence of illness against the severity of illness, because both are vital.

Every a part of the food chain poses completely different risks at different stages. For instance, the relatively uncontrolled environment of production might present varied avenues for food to become contaminated by pathogens. The food processing environment can expose pathogens to environmental stresses that might create the surviving microorganisms better able to not only survive and adapt to future processing controls and additionally to overcome the body’s defences and cause sickness. Each pathogen/ food combination represents a combination of the many factors. Some may be best addressed through smart agricultural practices to forestall contamination within the initial place. Others may be best addressed by a control step in the processing environment to inactive any pathogens on the food. Others could also be best addressed by consumer food handling and preparation practices. Microbiological food safety is actually a farm-to-table issue.

Marijuana Use Tied to Serious Diabetes Complication

Cannabis, or marijuana, could be a drug derived from the cannabis plant that’s utilized for recreational utilize, therapeutic purposes and religious or spiritual rites. Cannabis plants deliver a one of a kind family of compounds called cannabinoids. From these, the main psychoactive (brain function-affecting) compound is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Cannabis contains high levels of THC, as well as other psychoactive chemicals, which deliver the ‘high’ users feel when breathing in or ingesting it. Two other compounds, tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) and cannabidiol (CBD) have been appeared to have benefits for blood sugar control and digestion system in diabetes considers.

Marijuana Use Tied to Serious Diabetes Complication (2)

Individuals with Type 1 diabetes are generally advised to keep their hemoglobin levels below 6.5 percent, but the cannabis users have average readings of 8.4 percent. This was said to represent hazardously lifted blood sugar that can increment the hazard of heart assaults, strokes, kidney disappointment, visual deficiency, removals, and death.

Individuals with type 1 diabetes who utilize marijuana may double their hazard of creating a life-threatening complication. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), the condition happens when there’s not sufficient insulin to break down sugar within the body, so the body burns fat for fuel instead. This triggers a build-up of chemicals known as ketones, which make blood more acidic and can lead to coma or death. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune malady that develops when the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the insulin-producing cells within the pancreas. Insulin is a hormone that channels the sugar from foods into the body’s cells to be utilized as fuel. Individuals with type 1 diabetes not make sufficient insulin on their own. They must take shots or utilize an insulin pump to deliver the insulin they need to their bodies.

Marijuana Use Tied to Serious Diabetes ComplicationHowever, getting the dosage right could be a difficult adjusting act. Too much insulin can cause dangerously low blood sugar levels that make individuals shaky, confused and irritable, and if not treated, can cause somebody to pass out and conceivably to die. But too small insulin can lead to high blood sugar levels. Over a long time, high blood sugar levels can cause serious complications related to diabetes, such as heart and kidney disease, vision problems and amputations. Too small insulin can moreover lead to DKA in as little as a few hours. Individuals with type 1 diabetes need to be locked in with their disease and manage insulin dosing always, even those on the pump with closed loop systems.

Apple: The Original Super fruit

Apples keep the doctor away since they are one of nature’s best superfoods. There’s so much nourishment in apple fiber, antioxidants, vitamin C, phytonutrients and more! Apples are one of the most advantageous foods an individual can eat. They are high in fiber and vitamin C, and they are too low in calories, have only a follow of sodium, and no fat or cholesterol. Apples are high in polyphenols, which work as cancer prevention agents. These polyphenols are found in both the skin of the apples as well as within the meat, so to get the greatest amount of benefits, eat the skin of the apple. All of these benefits cruel that apples may moderate the impacts of asthma and Alzheimer’s infection, whereas helping with weight administration, bone wellbeing, pulmonary work, and gastrointestinal protection. Frequently called a “miracle food” and “nutritional powerhouse,” an apple a day truly may keep the doctor away.

Apple

Health benefits

  • Lower “bad” cholesterol: Procyanidins in apples (a type of flavonoid) have high antioxidant action and lower low-density lipids (LDL or “bad” cholesterol).
  • Help your heart: By decreasing cholesterol, the high polyphenol content from frequent apple consumption could also lower cardiovascular disease risk.
  • Stimulate healthy digestion: Apple polyphenols and fiber may also strengthen the microbiome in the gut.
  • Safeguard your mind: The high levels of antioxidants in apples protect against neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s and keep up brain performance.

Apples are loaded with vitamin C. Almost half of an apple’s vitamin C substance is fair beneath the skin, so it’s a great thought to eat apples with their skins. Apples contain insoluble fiber, which gives bulk within the intestinal tract. The bulk holds water that cleanses and moves nourishment rapidly through the digestive system. Regular intake of apples has been appeared to have cardiovascular benefits. This is often due to two properties of apples: the fiber that they contain and the polyphenols that are found in tall amounts. In expansion to digestion-aiding insoluble fiber, apples have solvent fiber, such as pectin. This supplement makes a difference anticipate cholesterol from building up within the lining of blood vessels, which in turn makes a difference avoid atherosclerosis and heart disease. When it comes to polyphenols and antioxidants, they work within the cell lining to diminish oxidation coming about in bringing down the chance of cardiovascular disease. Those who eat more apples have a lower hazard of stroke. Researchers credited the results to quercetin, an antioxidant in apples. There are respiratory benefits to eating apples, as well. Apples’ antioxidant benefits can offer assistance lower the chance of asthma. Eating entire apples gives filling, health-promoting fiber (up to 5 grams per apple!) and plant-based cancer prevention agents, who offer assistance support resistant work. Most are stacked sources of actually happening sugar (“apple juice concentrate”) furthermore water, making it higher in calories without keeping you fulfilled. Additionally, the preparing that removes pulp and clarifies the juice too diminishes the sum of cancer prevention agents.

Apples and cancer

The antioxidant substance of apple positions among the highest for natural products and inquire about appears that cancer prevention agents offer assistance avoid cancer. Lung cancer chance can particularly be brought down through apples’ cancer prevention agents, concurring to Flores. Individuals who routinely eat apples, onions and white grapefruit cut their lung cancer chance in half.

Health risks

Furthermore, apples are acidic, and the juice may harm tooth finish. Numerous individuals eat apples gradually, which increments the probability that acids will harm tooth finish. Snacking on acidic foods all through the day is the foremost harming, whereas eating them at supper times is much more secure. An apple a day is sweet, but taking all day to eat the apple can harm teeth. Dentists prescribe cutting up apples and chewing them with the back teeth. They moreover prescribe flushing the mouth with water to assist wash absent the corrosive and sugars.

Food Wastage and security

Food ‘loss’ refers to the decrease in food quantity or quality that makes it unfit for human consumption; occurring throughout the supply chain; from harvest through to processing and distribution. This wasted food, which remains potentially appropriate for human consumption, might potentially feed those in want and thereby contribute to enhancing food security. Food security is both a complex and challenging issue to resolve because it cannot be characterised or limited by geography nor outlined by a single grouping. Currently, in a time when there is more food to feed everyone in the world, roughly one billion individuals (16% of worldwide population) suffer from chronic hunger.

 If only one-fourth of the food wasted could be saved, it might be adequate to feed all presently malnourished individuals in the world. In this lies the Food security challenge to implement a capability to cope with increasing food shortages, caused by a combination of waste and an ever expanding world population. At current levels prediction state that we should increase world food production by 70% on already over exploited finite infrastructures before 2050. 22 millions of tons are annually wasted in developed countries. The European commission has recently decided to decrease food waste 50% by 2025, moreover the United States who have adopted a national waste reduction goal by the year 2030.

Food experts indicate that not a single solution can offer a sustainable food security solution into the long run. Achieving truly sustainable global food security would require a holistic systems-based approach, designed on a combination of policy and technological reform, which can utilize existing systems combined with progressive technologies, techniques and best practices.

Eating Disorder

EatingIf you are obsessed over food, body weight and shape, there might be a chance of having Eating Disorder. People often think that eating disorders are a lifestyle choice. But they are actually serious and often fatal mental illness and are an important cause of physical and psychosocial morbidity in an individual. According to various studies on eating disorders, the results found that the frequency of occurrence is much less in men as compared to adolescent girls and young adult women and a large proportion of eating disorder patients were exercising excessively during an acute phase of the disorder.

Types of Eating Disorders

They are divided into three diagnostic categories: Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, and Binge-eating disorder.

  • Anorexia Nervosa, characterized by inadequate intake of food. In this condition, people may have unrealistic perception of overweight, even when they are dangerously underweight and thus, they severely restrict the amount of food they eat, and eat very small quantities of only certain foods. It can lead to damaging health effects, such as loss of bones and skin integrity, increases the risk of heart attacks and related heart problems, brain damage, multi-organ failure, and infertility. The mortality rate is highest in this disease as compared to other mental disorders, either due to complications associated with starvation or the patient commits suicide.
  • Bulimia Nervosa, characterized by an excessive intake of food followed by compensatory behaviors for the overeating such as forced vomiting, excessive use of laxatives or diuretics, fasting, excessive exercise, or a combination of these behaviors. Although people usually maintain their relatively normal and healthy weight, but the irregular food behaviors can have injuring effects, such as chronically inflamed and sore throat, severe gastrointestinal problems, severe dehydration, and various heart difficulties resulting from an electrolyte imbalance.
  • Atypical eating disorders: There are many other types of eating disorders including Binge-eating Disorder (lack of control on eating), other specified feeding or eating disorder (OSFED), Diabulimia, etc.

Cause of Eating Disorder

Although the cause of eating disorders is not clear but it seems like combination of biological, psychological, and environmental factors plays an important role in the development of these illnesses.

  • A high proportion of individuals diagnosed with body dysmorphic disorder (way the person sees themselves) also had some type of eating disorder.
  • Biological conditions such as hormone irregularities and nutrition deficiencies can also lead to eating disorders.
  • The environmental factors include Dysfunctional family dynamic, aesthetically oriented sports, Professions and careers, childhood traumas and other stressful transitions.

Treatment for an Eating Disorder

People often ignore such conditions which then results in severe adverse effects. Because of severity and complexities of these conditions, it has become necessary to establish a comprehensive and professional treatment. Addressed with medical doctors, nutritionists, and therapists for complete care, the treatment includes:

  • Individual, group, and/or family psychotherapy
  • Medical care and monitoring
  • Nutritional counselling
  • Medications

Dietary Fat Linked To Pancreatic Cancer

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A high-fat diet may advance the development of pancreatic cancer independent of obesity because of the interaction between dietary fat and cholecystokinin (CCK), a digestive hormone. In addition, blocking CCK may help anticipate the spread of pancreatic tumors to other regions of the body (metastases). CCK is released by the small digestive tract and is related to obesity. Dietary fat triggers the secretion of CCK; those who follow a diet high in immersed fats often have high levels of CCK. Past research has appeared that obesity and high-fat diets both together and independently increase the chance of pancreatic cancer. CCK too controls recovery that takes place after partial surgical removal of the pancreas. Pancreatic growth and regeneration occur through the interaction of CCK with CCK receptors, proteins that tie to CCK to produce a physiological reaction.

Identification of pancreatic cancer risk factors is of great significance since few people survive long after the determination. Pancreatic cancer is the 4th driving cause of cancer passing within the world. Impact of high unsaturated fat utilization epidemiologic literature on dietary fat intake and pancreatic cancer risk is conflicting, with a few studies finding an expanded chance of pancreatic cancer with higher total fat or saturated fat utilization and others appearing an expanded or reduced hazard of pancreatic cancer with higher particular saturated and monounsaturated fatty acid intakes. Other studies show no association with pancreatic cancer risk some studies have moreover appeared a positive affiliation for animal fat intake generally and particularly for fat from red meat and dairy. Dietary fat intake is especially challenging to study in relation to pancreatic cancer given the expanded undetectable stage of tumorigenesis and the dietary changes that can occur during this pre-diagnostic, but progressively symptomatic period. Studies that account for changes in dietary practices in the years prior to diagnosis are required to address the problem of reverse causation. The affiliation between fat intake and pancreatic cancer risk in a large, prospective cohort of men and women.

Men and women who consumed high amounts of total fats have 53% and 23% higher relative rates of pancreatic cancer, respectively, compared with men and women who had the least fat consumption. Excess body fat is one of the strongest components increasing risk for pancreatic cancer. Low-fat diet decreased the chance of pancreatic cancer among a targeted bunch of postmenopausal, obese women. Low-fat diet is especially viable in reducing pancreatic cancer hazard in overweight and obese postmenopausal women.

Medicinal Food: How Nutrigenomics Is Shaping Our Health-(For your genes eat right)

Medicinal Food_ How Nutrigenomics Is Shaping Our Health-(For your genes eat right)Nutrigenomics developed recently in food science and dieting so also to blockchain: it appears the way into long-term, but sometimes appears to be hijacked by companies longing for consideration but not having the proper science to back up their items. As numerous individuals have no thought what nutrigenomics involves, not to talk around what it should, The Medical Futurist decided to appear what nutrigenomics implies, where the innovation stands at the minute and what it might bring within the future. Whereas the science of nutrigenomics showed up around 15 a long time prior, the thought that food influences individuals in an unexpected way has been around for centuries. Genomics in common and nutrigenomics, in specific, look at your genetic outline and attempt to clarify your inclinations to respond to your environment in your claim interesting way. Nutrigenomics looks at your hereditary cosmetics and how it influences the way your body forms nourishment. It’s around how our one of a kind science interatomic with the nourishment we devour.

Chronic disease arises and progresses from multiple causes. Many of the risk factors such chronic disease emerges and advances from different causes. Numerous of the hazard variables such as poor diet, need of work out, and smoking can be tended to by changes in behaviour. Others are changeable in hypothesis but not fundamentally beneath the control of the person, such as stress, poverty, toxin exposures, and other social or natural conditions. When health care experts endorse executing way of life adjustments to fight off inveterate infection, the patient should get it that these positive health behaviour, although in some cases difficult to support, progress health by working at the genetic level. Hence within the domain of chronic disease avoidance, genomic pharmaceutical has created in a new direction, one that’s beginning to have practical applications. Nutrigenomics is the think about of innate factors that impact a person’s reaction to diet both how qualities impact supplement absorption and metabolism, and how supplements impact quality expression. That’s ,researchers are starting to get it in detail how the “modifiable” way of life hazard factors for infection are connected to and communicated through the evidently “non-modifiable” hazard factor of our genes.Accessories

This area of nutrigenomics works to decide an individual’s reaction to nutrients, to assist in choosing suitable dietary admissions. Continued investigate in this field may altogether development the personalization of progressed pharmaceutical, allowing health care specialists to form individualized care choices based on the patient’s claim genetic makeup. The other department of nutrigenomics takes the switch approach: it looks for to induce it how food intake influences quality expression. In fact with the human genome directly sequenced, science is still struggling to get it how gene expression is controlled. It turns out that individual characteristics are not totally chosen by the genetic code; a have of other “epigenetic” factors impact how and which qualities are communicated. When our bodies get inappropriate levels of certain supplements (such as folic corrosive, Vitamin D, zinc, and selenium, to title reasonable a handful) of epigenetic shapes like DNA methylation and histone change are influenced, in this way changing altering the expression of gene sequences.

Food Transport Refrigeration

food refrigerationThe business segment, including horticulture, nourishment, Lack of produce transport and retailing which comes is in charge of 62% of the world’s aggregate ozone harming substance discharges. Substance dissemination and retail represents around 33% of this, with nourishment transport which incorporates intention power and refrigeration evaluated to be in charge of 1.8 % of aggregate efficiencies. Street transport refrigeration hardware is required to work dependably in significantly harsher conditions than stationary refrigeration gear. Because of the extensive variety of working conditions and imperatives forced by accessible space and weight, transport refrigeration gear has brought down efficiencies than stationary frameworks. This, coupled to quickly expanding utilization of refrigerated transport emerging from the significantly more extensive scope of transported merchandise, home conveyance and more prominent quality desires, is putting impressive weights on the packing business to lessen the vitality utilization of refrigerated transport. This report gives an audit of nourishment transport refrigeration and late examination into the advancement and use of elective advances to lessen vitality utilization and ozone harming substance outflows.

Frozen Products Temperature                                                  (°C)

Ice and ice cream                                                                         -25

Deep frozen foods                                                                      -18

Fishery products                                                                          -18

Butter and edible fats, including cream                                  -14

Egg products, offal, rabbit, poultry and game                        -12

Meat                                                                                              -10

Temperature control, Renewable energy condition and enactment prerequisites for refrigerated transport EU and UK enactment covers temperature control necessities for the capacity and transport of transitory nourishments. These directions have been reexamined in mid-2010 and control on the Hygiene of Foodstuffs expects makers to have reasonable temperature controlled taking care of and storerooms that can keep up nourishment at fitting temperatures and empower these temperatures to be checked controlled and recorded. There are likewise particular temperature prerequisites for specific classes of nourishment. The UK has additionally actualized particular chill temperature control necessities for foodstuffs not secured by EC. These necessities apply to nourishment which is probably going to help the development of pathogenic smaller scale creatures or the arrangement of poisons. Such nourishment must be kept underneath 8 ºC except if the producer prescribes something else, yet this must be founded on all around established logical appraisal of the security of the sustenance at the predetermined temperature.

Detection of E.Coli in Drinking Water

agreeTo rapidly detect the presence of E.coli in potable water food scientists now can use a bacteriophage a genetically engineered virus. In preference to sending water samples to laboratories and counting on days for results, this new test may be administered locally to obtain solutions in a few hours.

Drinking water contaminated with E. coli is a major public health concern. This phage can detect their host bacteria in sensitive situations, which mean low-cost bacteria detection assays for field use—like food safety, animal health, bio-threat detection and medical diagnostics can be provided.?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

The bacteriophage carries a gene for an enzyme luciferase, similar to the protein that gives fireflies radiance. The luciferase is fused to a carbohydrate binder, so that when the bacteriophage reveals the E. coli in water, a contamination begins, and the fusion enzyme is made. When released, the enzyme sticks to cellulose fibres and begins to luminesce. After the bacteriophage binds to the E. coli, the phage shoots its DNA into the microorganism.

The bacteriophage then breaks open the bacterium, releasing the enzyme as well as additional phage to attack other E. coli. This bacteriophage detects an indicator. If the test determines the presence of E. coli, the water should not be drunk.

Improper sanitation of drinking water leads to a large number of preventable diseases worldwide. Phage focussed detection technology have the capability to promptly determine if a water supply is secure to drink, an end result that serves to straight away enhance  lifestyles of people via the prevention of disease.