Dental diseases are the most common chronic diseases worldwide, and a costly burden to health care services. An estimated billion peoples worldwide suffer from dental caries (tooth decay). Dental diseases include dental caries, exploratory defects of enamel, dental erosion and periodontal disease.
One of the current leading Dental Problem is Gum disease. ‘’Gum disease” is an infectious disease by germs present in the gums and mouth. It is one of the most usual infections in people around the world. In its more severe form known as “periodontitis” the infection is long lasting. The soft gums and bone around the teeth disband over time. This can lead to loss of teeth.
PERIODONTITIS may lead to RAISES blood sugar and causes type 2 diabetes.
People with Diabetes, especially unrestrained diabetes, have more gum disease than those without diabetes. We have known that for a long time. Now, scientists are finding that gum disease may raise blood sugar levels in people with and without diabetes.
A current research of top specialist in dental and diabetes research from all around the world, scientists looked closely at the latest research into how gum disease could affect diabetes. They found that, contrast with those with healthy gums, people with severe gum disease
- Have higher long-term blood sugar levels.
- Might be at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- May be at a greater risk of developing pregnancy (gestational) diabetes.
- Have a long term of controlling their type 2 diabetes.
- Are at a higher risk of experiencing harm to eyes and kidneys, as well as a heart attack and stroke if they have diabetes type 2.
How does gum disease make blood sugar levels increased?
Scientists think that some of the germs in infected gums leak into the bloodstream after normal activities such as chewing or tooth brushing. This starts a reaction from your body’s defence system, which produces some strong molecules that have harmful effects all over your body. An example is raising your blood sugar level.
Because high blood sugar levels causes destruction of blood vessels, this reduces the supply of oxygen and nourishment to the gums, making infections of the gums and bones.
Increased blood sugar levels can leads to increase levels of glucose in the saliva and this creates a breeding ground for bacteria, increasing the risk of gum disease and dental decay.
Severe gum disease can negatively affect the blood sugar control of the body and increase your chances of suffering from other common long-term complications of diabetes. The inflammation, which forms in the gums, escapes into the bloodstream and disturb the body’s defence system which in turn affects blood sugar control. In other way we can say that, gum disease and diabetes are linked in both directions.
What can we do?
- Keep your gums healthy, whether or not you have diabetes.
- Clean your teeth gently twice a day with a soft-bristled brush and a fluoride toothpaste.
- Clean between your teeth with floss or interdental cleaner daily.
- Visit your dentist frequently for checkups and cleanings.
- Make sure you have your gums checked properly.
If you have type 2 diabetes, keeping your gums healthy could leads to control your disease. It also may help lower your risk of encountering problems, such as blindness and kidney disease, because of your diabetes. The current research on links between gum disease and diabetes shows how important it is to have healthy gums.
A healthy mouth is an essential part of good health.