Category Archives: Aqua

Could GMO crops benefit to solve the climate crisis?

cropsThe growth rate of crop harvests in the coming decades will have serious implications for the global food supply under climate change. If the relative yield gains assessed here are any indication of the potential for other crops and/or regions, then the adoption of new technologies such as GE varieties may constitute a potentially fruitful adaptation strategy for counter harmonizing the effects of climate change. There’s not going to be one singular resolution to solve the problem of climate change. In reality, it’s going to take a multi-pronged method compressing everything from reducing our individual carbon footprints to potentially more extreme solutions such as geoengineering. GMO crops cultivate with more healthy and deeper roots that are capable of storing increased amounts of carbon underground for longer; thereby reducing CO2 in the atmosphere. This is based on their detection of a gene which dictates the depth to which plant roots grow in soil. Their goal is to entirely shrink the carbon footprint of global crop cultivation by doing away with the need for synthetic fertilizers, which account for about 5% of humanity’s total greenhouse gas productions. Through extensive DNA manipulations, scientists are optimistic they can engineer a self-fertilizing affiliation between crop species and root-dwelling microbes, obviating the need for artificial fertilizer. No similar interdependence exists between bacteria and corn, wheat, rice, or any other cereal crop critical to modern diets and livestock feeds. This chemical treatment would be unessential, however, if scientists could build a legume-like symbiosis into the crops in Agriculture field.

The appearance of artificial fertilizers, pesticides, and high-cultivated crop diversities during the Green Revolution of the mid-20th century largely replaced these practices, ushering in a new era of bountiful food production but at a high environmental cost in genetically modified foods. Transgenic crops often get a bad rap for being more about corporate incomes than about benefits to humanity and the environment and for good reason. Technologies such as Roundup Ready ultimately only spurred the increase of super weeds that required even more toxic pest control, and decimated populations of frogs, insects, and other wildlife, all while making billions of dollars for Monsanto.

Detection of E.Coli in Drinking Water

agreeTo rapidly detect the presence of E.coli in potable water food scientists now can use a bacteriophage a genetically engineered virus. In preference to sending water samples to laboratories and counting on days for results, this new test may be administered locally to obtain solutions in a few hours.

Drinking water contaminated with E. coli is a major public health concern. This phage can detect their host bacteria in sensitive situations, which mean low-cost bacteria detection assays for field use—like food safety, animal health, bio-threat detection and medical diagnostics can be provided.?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

The bacteriophage carries a gene for an enzyme luciferase, similar to the protein that gives fireflies radiance. The luciferase is fused to a carbohydrate binder, so that when the bacteriophage reveals the E. coli in water, a contamination begins, and the fusion enzyme is made. When released, the enzyme sticks to cellulose fibres and begins to luminesce. After the bacteriophage binds to the E. coli, the phage shoots its DNA into the microorganism.

The bacteriophage then breaks open the bacterium, releasing the enzyme as well as additional phage to attack other E. coli. This bacteriophage detects an indicator. If the test determines the presence of E. coli, the water should not be drunk.

Improper sanitation of drinking water leads to a large number of preventable diseases worldwide. Phage focussed detection technology have the capability to promptly determine if a water supply is secure to drink, an end result that serves to straight away enhance  lifestyles of people via the prevention of disease.

Juice Turned to Microcapsule Powder

1aThe pomegranate is a fruit wealthy in antioxidants, with anti-hypertensive residences and is proven to help lessen degrees of glucose within the blood; however, because it’s miles a seasonal fruit is hard to consume all through the year. So, to reap its benefits in any month a microencapsulation process from pomegranate juice was designed.

The innovation is that not like different business displays, this one does no longer lose the natural residences of the fruit within the microencapsulation procedure.

The method is composed of converting the natural pomegranate juice into small dust particles that may be dissolved in water. Its method allows holding the product and allows the antioxidants to reach the digestive tract.1b

The researcher says that the idea for this product came after observing that people do not consume the pomegranate because of the difficulty and laziness to peel the fruit. They ensure that the process is relevant in Hidalgo because it is the second largest producer of pomegranate at a national level; however, it is not exploited as expected despite being a fruit which reduces hypertension, triglycerides and glucose levels.

The assets of the pomegranate are better than grapefruit, cranberry, and grape or black and green tea, which might be considered an excellent source of antioxidants.

The method of microencapsulation consists in changing the pomegranate right into a powder. Microencapsulation makes the product strong, as it protects it from the environment and forestalls the oxidation of its compounds.1c

The microencapsulation innovation of the UAEH researcher makes use of a technological method by using which herbal and dietary homes are not misplaced. Further, the microcapsules useful resource within the higher adsorption of the antioxidants because the pills are progressively broken inside the digestive tract, which does now not show up with the herbal juice because it loses effectiveness because of the pH of the stomach.

The pomegranate, and in particular the microencapsulated presentation, is anti-diabetic by reducing the levels of sugar in the blood, which means it can be used in the treatment of this condition. It also reduces some of the signs and symptoms of metabolic syndrome as the index of the circumference, high blood pressure and triglyceride degrees.