Author Archives: Rohit Casper

5 NEXT BIG THINGS IN MATERIAL SCIENCE & ENGINEERING

  1. Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering
  2. Ceramics and glasses
  3. Nanotechnology
  4. Functional materials
  5. Engineering alloys (for various applications)

We know how buzzing the word materials science is these days.  Sometimes it is amusing to see the scope of material science and sometimes it may seem to be a bit exaggerated to layman. However, we cannot rub it off just like that since its future is just jaw dropping. Below are the few going to be big things in the game of science and engineering.

  1. Biomaterials in tissue engineering:2

Advances in tissue building incorporate disclosures from natural chemistry, cell and sub-atomic science, and materials science to create three-dimensional structures with explicit properties that empower us to supplant or fix harmed, missing or inadequately working organic segments.

  1. Advanced Ceramics and glasses:3

Earthenware is a material that is neither metallic nor natural. It might be crystalline, polished or both crystalline and lustrous. Earthenware production is normally hard and artificially non-responsive and can be framed or densities with warmth. Earthenware production is more than stoneware and dishes: mud, blocks, tiles, glass, and bond are most likely the best-known precedents. Fired materials are utilized in hardware in light of the fact that, contingent upon their organization, they might be semiconducting, superconducting, ferroelectric, or a cover. Pottery are additionally used to make questions as assorted as sparkle plugs, fiber optics, fake joints, space transport tiles, cooktops, race vehicle brakes, micro positioners, concoction sensors, self-greasing up heading, body covering, and skis.

  1. Nanotechnology:4

Nanotechnology offers the potential for new and quicker sorts of PCs, progressively proficient power sources and life-sparing medicinal medications. Potential weaknesses incorporate monetary interruption and conceivable dangers to security, protection, the wellbeing of the earth.

  1. Functional materials:5

Useful materials are found over all classes of materials, including earthenware production, metals, polymers and natural atoms. They are normally utilized in electromagnetic applications and in materials for vitality applications. For example, electro-and magneto-caloric materials for vitality stockpiling or sunlight based collecting capacities.

  1. Engineering alloys (for various applications):6

 A composite is a metal made out of more than one component. Building compounds incorporate cast iron and steel, aluminium amalgams, magnesium combinations, titanium composites, nickel combinations, zinc composites and copper amalgams.

Research & Innovation for Tomorrow’s Nursing and Healthcare

Banner of Nursing and Healthcare 2019The Research and Innovations of Nursing, Healthcare will be discussing on the Nursing and Healthcare 2019 Conference which is organizing by ME Conferences.

Nursing and Healthcare 2019 will explore what is needed to transform and future-proof of our systems to be sustainable, resilient, competitive, diverse, and responsible and perform in their provision of accessible, healthy and sustainable treatment for all. Furthermore, Nursing and Healthcare 2019 will gives information how research and innovation systems can be scaled-up to better contribute to the above Nursing and Healthcare priorities.

The conference is an important step towards boosting future investment in research and innovation in support of impactful on Nursing and Healthcare research breakthroughs, market-creating and open innovation, open science and multi-actor engagement, building of capacities and skills.

The International Conference is taking place on May 27-28, 2019 in Istanbul, Turkey. Abdulqadir J. Nashwan, Director of Nursing for Education and Practice Development at HMGH, will provide a key note speech as part of the first Panel Discussion – Nursing and Healthcare 2019: Nursing, Healthcare, Pediatrics, and woman’s Health. This panel will focus on the Translation of Evidence into Nursing Leadership & Management and creating smart and innovative technologies and approaches to best treatment to the patients.

Food therapy, eating habits, and stress management are all critical for digestive health

1Food therapy:

  • Food therapy, similar to what occupational therapy or physical therapy achieves, helps with feeding difficulties due to sensory integration issues, autism, behavioural problems, and other unresolved or undiagnosed needs. It’s important to be included in as occupational therapy services.
  • This is a tool that makes a direct connection between what we eat and how we feel, between mood and food health guidelines would have us believe that eating well is primarily about nutrition. Not true. Eating right is about preparing the right food for how you happen to be feeling. This is a tool that inspires you to make and then act

    Eating habits:

       Below mentioned points should be taken care

  • Imbalanced diet
  • Poor absorptions
  • Gut Inflammations index
  • Dairy products and Gluten rich diet
  • Poor digestive enzymes or lack of digestive enzymes
  • Chronic or acute diseases
  • Lack of Magnesium
  • Lack of gut flora
  • Processed food
  • Sugar and salt-rich diet
  • Low fibre
  • Excess use of antibiotics
  • Physical and mental Stress
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Excess intake of food at irregular intervals
  • Artificial colours, preservatives &antioxidants in packed food and
  • Imbalance gastric Ph
  • Maintain a positive attitude.
  • Agree that there are events that you cannot control.
  • Analyse your opinions, or beliefs, feelings instead of becoming angry, defensive, or passive. Be assertive instead of aggressive.
  • Practice and learn relaxation techniques; yoga or try meditation, tai-chi for stress management.
  • Exercise Your body can fight stress better.
  • Eat health, nutrition rich, well-balanced meals.
  • Manage your time more effectively.
  • Set proper limits.
  • Make time for passion, hobbies, interests, and relaxation.
  • Your body needs time to recover from stressful events, so have enough rest and sleep.
  • Don’t rely on alcohol, drugs to reduce stress.
  • Seek social support. Spend enough time with those you enjoy.

    Stress management:

  • Maintain a positive attitude.
  • Agree that there are events that you cannot control.
  • Analyse your opinions, or beliefs, feelings instead of becoming angry, defensive, or passive. Be assertive instead of aggressive.
  • Practice and learn relaxation techniques; yoga or try meditation, tai-chi for stress management.
  • Exercise Your body can fight stress better.
  • Eat health, nutrition rich, well-balanced meals.
  • Manage your time more effectively.
  • Set proper limits.
  • Make time for passion, hobbies, interests, and relaxation.
  • Your body needs time to recover from stressful events, so have enough rest and sleep.
  • Don’t rely on alcohol, drugs to reduce stress.
  • Seek social support. Spend enough time with those you enjoy.

The medicinal benefits of selfheal (Prunella vulgaris)

Herbal Trdaitional 2019Selfheal (Prunella vulgaris) is a native British plant, found among short grass on waste ground, grassland and open spaces in woodland, where it raises its closely packed heads of bright purple flowers. Creeping stems spread the plant over wide areas, so that the flowers often carpet the ground along dry, grassy banks. The flowers are arranged around terminal spikes, but do not open at the same time, resulting in an extended flowering period, from June to September.

Selfheal has been used as a medicinal plant for centuries, often as an astringent, and was identified as the herb used by Dioscorides, the ancient Greek physician, to cure inflammation of the throat and tonsils. Its common name stems from its popularity as a plant used according to the old belief in the “Doctrine of signatures”, whereby a plant’s medicinal use to mankind was gauged by aspects of its appearance. In the case of Selfheal, the mouth-like structures of its flowers led to it being used as a remedy for sore throats and mouth ulcers.

The plant is still used extensively in Traditional Chinese medicine, and recent research has suggested it may also have anti-mutagenic properties, indicating a possible treatment for certain cancers. Other studies have shown it to possess a wide variety of pharmacological effects, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, astringent, and antimicrobial.

A number of antiviral studies of P. vulgaris extracts have been carried out and compounds active against both HIV and Herpes Simplex Virus have been identified. In particular, a sulphated polysaccharide named prunellin was found to inhibit HIV-1 replication in vitro, as well as being able to arrest cell to cell transmission of the virus, with relatively low cytoxicity.

Experiments conducted on rats into its immunomodulatory effects demonstrated an inhibition of passive anaphylaxis activated by IgE antibodies, and also inhibition of histamine release from mast cells. Interestingly, it was also discovered that the immunomodulatory effects of P. vulgaris seemed to act synergistically with its anti-viral effects. These combined properties suggest that it has great potential as a treatment for both viral infections and immunological disorders.

Microbiota Exchange Treatment (MTT)

C1Research has likewise discovered that autism youngsters regularly experience interminable gastrointestinal issues much more as often as possible as kids without chemical imbalance.

A new type of treatment — microbiota exchange treatment (MTT) — can help tackle gastrointestinal issues in kids with autism. Additionally, they needed to see whether this mediation could influence other mental imbalance markers.

 For what reason is bacterial decent variety in the gut so critical for wellbeing?

MTT includes gathering, preparing, and solidifying the fecal material of sound individuals, and afterward controlling it — orally or rectally — to the individual getting the treatment. Along these lines, the solid microscopic organisms should restore equalization in the gut micro biome of the individual encountering gastrointestinal issues.

“Children with mental imbalance are missing essential advantageous microorganisms, and have fewer alternatives in the bacterial menu of imperative capacities that microbes give to the gut than regularly creating children.”

In any case, the underlying clinical preliminary just analyzed the impacts of MTT two months after the treatment. Presently, the analysts have led a subsequent report to see whether the new treatment would be as compelling 2 years after its organization.

The examination — the discoveries of which currently show up in the diary Nature — included a similar 18 medically introverted youngsters who took an interest in the previous clinical preliminary.

The analysts got the guardians’ and kids’ composed assent before selecting the last as members in the new preliminary.

Analysts happy with preliminary outcomes

The analysts clarify that toward the beginning of the examination; medically introverted youngsters had more unfortunate bacterial assorted variety in the gut, contrasted and neurotypical kids with sound and adjusted microbiota.

All the more explicitly, two valuable bacterial strands — Bifidobacteria and Prevotella — were inadequate in the microbiota of kids on the range.

Following the underlying MTT intercession, the mentally unbalanced kids experienced more gut bacterial assorted variety, including expanded dimensions of Bifidobacteria and Prevotella. In the new clinical preliminary, which estimated bacterial decent variety in the gut following 2 years from the mediation, the kids had significantly progressively bacterial assorted variety and an enduring nearness of stimulating microbes.

The Global Skincare and Dermatology Market

D1The global skincare market is fast growing and expansive, ranging from cosmetic products, to over-the-counter drugs, to prescription drugs. The global dermatology market is vast and evolving quickly with forecasts that indicate a global market of €81.9 billion in 2028, growing significantly from €44.1 billion in 2018. The cosmetic skincare market size was valued at €130 billion in 2016.

The cosmetic skincare market is dominated by key multinational corporations including Olay, Avon, and L’Oréal, which provide a vast array of over-the-counter products in the beauty and skincare industry. The global dermatology market focuses on a combination of OTC and prescription products, which treat acne, psoriasis, alopecia, skin infections, skin cancer, rosacea, and atopic dermatitis.

The global market faces both industry wide and market specific drivers and restraints: patent expiration, variable drug pipeline, emerging markets, and emergence of biologics. Patent expiration will guide us, as in other pharma markets, towards which drugs could fail to offer previous returns. Studying research and development pipelines in the dermatology sub-sectors gives readers a guide into how a particular market will evolve over the next decade.

Market Analysis

Market Analysis of the leading personal care brands worldwide in 2028:

  • Global cosmetics manufacturers will have to differentiate their products to adjust them to the expectations of their new customers, originating from non-Western cultures
  • Cosmetic Dermatology is the segment with the biggest growth potential
  • The cosmetic products will increase the market in the next few years
  • The deciding factor for market success will be upon cosmetics sales
  • Growing awareness of mass cosmetics will facilitate the growth of the market
  • New product launches are increasing upon advanced research and technologies. There is a growing demand for organic products, herbal product

Emerging Trends in Medical Tourism Industry

Med1Medical Tourism is the one of the fastest growing segments in the healthcare industry globally. The desire to visit a new place and enjoy the sights while being treated has boosted the growth of medical tourism. Treatments for cardiovascular ailments, cancer, orthopaedic procedures, dentistry, reproductive problems, cosmetic surgery, complete health screening including scans, ultrasound etc are available at very cheap rates in countries which cater to medical tourists. Some of these procedures include plastic or cosmetic procedures to improve their physical looks as well as their mental perception of themselves.

Medical tourism has turned into a $5.5 billion market annually in India as of 2018. The industry continues to grow in leaps and bounds and is continuing to surpass expectations set for sales each year. By 2020 it is estimated that India will be taking in $7-8 billion annually from medical tourists procedures performed there each year.

Top Medical Tourism Hotspots

Established Destinations Specialized Treatment Offered
Costa Rica Dentistry, Gynaecology, Plastic Surgery, Orthopaedics, Bariatrics
India Fertility, Cardiac and Oncology, Organ Transplants
Israel Bone marrow transplants, Heart Surgery, Neurological treatments
Malaysia Dental, Cardiac, Cosmetic plastic surgery
Mexico Weight loss treatment and surgery
South Korea Cardiology, Spinal Treatments
UAE Ophthalmic, Cardiac, Cancer and Orthopaedic care

Conclusion:

As “healthcare” becomes an increasingly diversified concept, more and more diversified medical practices are popping up all around the world driving medical tourism to new heights. The most common medical procedures and common medical diagnostic tests have become almost unaffordable in the West are moving to developing countries where people can afford proper treatment with or without insurance.

Genetics of Obesity

ob1In the largest study of its kind to date, researchers have looked at why a few people manage to stay thin while others gain weight easily. They have discovered that the hereditary dice are loaded in favour of thin people and against those at the obese end of the spectrum.

More than six in ten adults are overweight, and one in four adults is obese. By age five, almost one in four children is either obese or overweight. Excess weight increases the risk of related health problems including heart disease and type 2 diabetes.

While it is well known that changes in our environment, for example, easy access to high calorie foods and sedentary lifestyles, have driven the rise in obesity in recent years, there is considerable individual variation in weight inside a populace that shares the same environment. A few people seem able to eat what they like and remain thin. This has led a few people to characterise overweight people as lazy or lacking willpower.

The researchers examine why and how some people find it easier to stay thin than others. Studies of twins have demonstrated that variation in body weight is generally affected by our genes. To date studies have overwhelmingly focused on people who are overweight. Hundreds of genes have been discovered that increase the possibility of an individual being overweight and in some people faulty genes can cause severe obesity from a young age.

Our DNA contains of a sequence of molecules known as base pairs, represented by the letters A, C, G and T. Strings of these base pairs form genetic regions. Our genes provide the code for how our body functions and changes in the spelling.

The team found a few regular genetic variants already identified as playing a role in obesity. Moreover, they found new genetic regions involved in severe obesity and some involved in healthy thinness.

To see what impact these genes had on an individual’s weight, the specialists included the contribution of the different genetic variants to calculate a genetic risk score. As anticipated, we found that obese people had a higher genetic risk score than normal weight individuals, which contributes to their risk of being overweight. The genetic dice are loaded against them.

Importantly, the team also showed that thin individuals, had a much lower hereditary risk score they had less genetic variants that we know increased an individual’s chances of being overweight.

This examination shows for the first time that healthy individuals are commonly thin because they have a lower burden of genes that increase an individual’s chances of being overweight and not because they are morally superior, as certain individuals like to suggest. It’s easy to rush to judgement and criticise individuals for their weight, but the science shows that things are far more complex. We have far less power over our weight than we may wish to think.

We already know that individuals can be thin for various reasons. A few individuals are just not that interested in food whereas others can eat what they like, but never put on weight. If we can find the genes that prevent them from putting on weight, we might most likely focus on those genes to discover new weight loss strategies and help individuals who do not have this advantage.

Robots to the rescue!

The effect of tremors, storms, flooding is expanding, so the requirement for robots for all periods of a fiasco, from anticipation to reaction and recuperation, will increment also.M1

Quick advances in innovation are altering the jobs of airborne, earthly and oceanic automated frameworks in a fiasco alleviation, pursuit, and salvage (SAR) and rescue activities. Robots and automatons can be conveyed rapidly in regions regarded unreasonably dangerous for people and are utilized to manage rescuers, gather information, convey basic supplies or give correspondence administrations.

The principal detailed utilization of SAR robots was to investigate the destruction underneath the crumbled twin towers of the World Trade Center in New York after the September 2001 fear-based oppressor assaults. Up to now, in excess of 50 arrangements of debacle robots have been archived all through the world, as per the Texas-based Center for Robot‑Assisted Search and Rescue

New innovations being used or improvement for salvage automatons and robots incorporate methods for expanding survivor recognition. Sensors examine zones for pulses and breathing, multisensor tests react to scents or sounds and concoction sensors flag the nearness of gases.

Standards put safety firstM2

A significant part of the innovation utilized in automatons originates from product hardware created for purchaser fundamentals like cell phones. Automatons likewise require worldwide situating satellite (GPS) units, remote transmitters, flag processors and microelectromechanical frameworks (MEMS). The flight controller likewise gathers information from barometric weight and velocity sensors.

Perfect for separated and remote difficult to-get to zones. utilizing rambles is valuable not just when cataclysmic events make access via air, land, ocean or street troublesome, yet in addition in segregated districts that need available foundation. As of late, rambles have begun conveying restorative supplies in zones where discovering crisis social insurance is very troublesome. as of now just about a fourth of the world’s nations control the utilization of automatons. Their sending in a fiasco help activities presents difficulties including administrative issues, especially when choices are made on a specially appointed premise by neighborhood and national experts. Philanthropic alleviation offices additionally caution of the dangers of helping rambles being confused with the military airplane.

Over and submerged as well

Given that 80% of the total populace lives close to water, oceanic automated vehicles can likewise assume a significant job in catastrophe alleviation by assessing basic submerged framework, mapping harm and recognizing wellsprings of contamination to harbors and angling zones. In the Mediterranean, a battery‑powered automated gadget originally created for use by lifeguards to save swimmers has been adjusted to help salvage displaced people crossing the Aegean Sea from Turkey. This sea robot has a most extreme cruising rate of 35 km/h and can work as a buoyancy gadget for 4 individuals.

A robot working in a risky situation needs free power and sensors for explicit conditions. It might be cut off from its human administrator when correspondence signals are inconsistent. At the point when remote task guided by sensor information ends up outlandish, a salvage robot needs the capacity to settle on choices all alone, utilizing Artificial Intelligence or other man-made consciousness (AI) calculations.

Older mothers have more birth complications compared to younger mother-Why?

Older maternity is accompanying with an increased risk of problems during gestation period with a greater likelihood of delivering a child that is premature or born small. Older motherhood is an important to understand the consequences for these children in adulthood. Children born to elder mothers may have more heart threats later in life. Older mothers will face more complications during pregnancy and delivery, as did the risk of premature birth and infant death also sometimes

Complications include:  h1

  • Extreme bleeding during labour,
  • Extended labour lasting time more than 20 hours,
  • Dysfunctional labour that does not advance to the next stage.

Mother age is compared to 30 to 34 years are old. Mother’s age is in three groups – 35 to 39, 40 to 44, and 45 and older. According to researchers view they found that older women were at much higher risk for problems during pregnancy and delivery. Whether or not the women had before given birth also affected their risk of certain complications. Women giving birth at age 45 or older were also the most likely to have high blood pressure and diabetes while pregnant. The oldest mothers were also at greatest risk for excessive bleeding during delivery, premature delivery (before 32 weeks) as well as Caesarean delivery.

Older mothers can be understood from two perspectives –

  • First the actual medical risks: it related to ageing on reproductive system and body condition.
  • Second, the suitability of the risks as defined through social discourse among different groups within society: pregnant women can evaluate the risks subjectively, through their own experiences, whereas healthcare providers assess the risks in an apparently more objective way.

 Pregnancy Outcomes in Women of Advanced Maternal Age: a Retrospective Studyh2

Risks of pregnancy after age 35

  • There are recognized health hazards to both mother and child when the mother is older.
  • Females are born with all the eggs they’ll ever have during their life. With age, the number and quality of eggs starts decreasing, especially after a woman reaches her mid-30s. That’s one reason it can be tougher to get pregnant at older ages.
  • Both older women and older men are additional likely than younger parents to have pre-existing health disputes.
  • In older age pregnancy raises the risks of complications such as hypertension, fetal growth restriction, premature birth and sometimes death.
  • Older mothers have the higher the probability of chromosomal abnormalities as well as age goes from 25 years old 1 in 1,064 chance of having a child with Down syndrome to 1 in 19 for a 45-year-old
  • At age 20-24 Miscarriage is 9 % and for a 45-year-old or above is 75%
  • The rate of stillbirths almost doubles when mothers are more than 35 years of age,” he continued.
  • Diabetes and emergency caesarean delivery are among the other possible complications of older mothers.
  • Older father’s sperm also has the potential of having more genetic errors.

Benefits of older parenthood

  • Now a day many women aged 35 and beyond are venturing into parenthood for the first time, as well as there is good news for these older mothers and fathers.
  • There are some projections that note, depending on socioeconomic status, the children have more probability of going to college. There may be less verbal and physical punishment, and it can be financially more stable,” said Shapiro.
  • A important observational study stated that higher maternal age was associated with better health and development for children up to 5 years of age.
  • The children of older mothers in industrialized countries are healthier, taller, and get more education than the children of younger mothers.
  • Prenatal vitamins and physician follow-ups are vital.
  • Older parents should also speak with their doctors about checking sugar levels as well as standard testing for chromosomal abnormalities. If older parents will eating, sleeping, and exercising well, this will improve outcomes.

Pregnant women over 35 years old, have issues and concerns to which Midwives must pay attention when in professional contact with these women health care. In order to meet the needs of older pregnant women, midwifery themselves, need more information concerning the experiences of older women during pregnancy, in order to increase their understanding and knowledge of age-related pregnancy risks. Nursing in healthcare providers should remember that pregnancy can evoke a broad range of feelings in women of advanced maternal age, which can vary from happiness to anxiety.